Testing -MT- Chapter 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Testing -MT- Chapter 7 Deck (13):
1

Stages of Test Construction

- Statement of the Problem
- Providing a Solution

2

Statetement in the problem
- First step in Testing

What it is one wants to know and for what purposes

3

Statement of the Problem
- questions?

- Kind of test? Achievement?
- Precise Purpose?
- Abilities to be tested?
- How Detailed result must be?
- How Accurate result must be?
- Importance of Backwash?
- Constraints (construction, admin, scoring)

4

Providing a solution to the problem
- Big Steps

1. Gather Information (comparing samples)
2. Writing Specifications
3. Writing the test
4. Pretesting

5

2. Writing Specification

- Content (entire potential content)
- Format and Timing
- Criterial Levels of Performance
- Scoring Procedures

6

2. Writing Specification
- Content (entire potential of content)

- Operations (tasks)
- Types of texts (different forms)
- Adresses (people candidate expected to speak/write for)
- Topics (selected according to candidates and test type)

7

2. Writing Specification
- Format and Timing

- Test structure
- Items types/Elicitation procedure
- Weighting assinged to each component
- Number of passages and items for components

8

2. Writing Specification
- Criterial Levels of Performance

required level of perform. for success
- Accuracy
- Appropriacy
- Range
- Flexibility
- Size

9

2. Writing Specification
- Scoring Procedures

- Most relevant when scoring is subjective
- Constructors Clear on how they achieve High Scorer reliability

10

3. Writing the Test
- Steps

- Sampling
- Items Writing and Moderation
- Writing and Moderation of Scoring Key

11

3. Writing the Test
- Sampling

- Choose Widely from content= validity + ++washback
- DO NOT concentrate on easy elements on test

12

3. Writing the Test
- Item Writing and Moderation

- Identify items to improve or abandon (teamwork)
- Critical Questions (perf. clear/poss. response/skill ok/enough time)
- Native speaker should score near 100% if not, too difficult

13

Pretesting

- Administer to a group as similar as possible to The One Intended

group may not be available
security of test at risk