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Flashcards in The Emergence of Science Deck (11):
1

This philosopher studied lit, grammar, science, math, theology, and medicine. He proposed duality and stated "cogito ergo sum" (I think, therefore I am).

Descartes

2

He was a lawyer, natural philosopher, and legislator who developed inductive reasoning and the scientific method.

Bacon

3

He was a philosopher who studied optics, mathematics (specifically, calculus), mechanics, and gravitation, and he served as the president of the Royal Society for a time.

Newton

4

He refined the ideas of Paracelsus, Bacon, and Descartes and showed that air was necessary for combustion, life, and the transmission of sound. He also argued against traditional elements (earth, air, fire, mercury, etc.

Boyle

5

This man designed the single-lens microscope and discovered "animalcules" in water.

Leeuwenhoek

Note: He DID NOT invent the microscope, just the single lens variation specifically.

6

This man studied under Fabricius and was notorious for having dissected both his father and his sister. He studied "colombo", "cesalpino", and "fabricius" (pulmonary circulation, heart valve action, and venous valves) and wrote "de Mortu Cordis" which refuted many Galenic ideas

Harvey

7

This famous institution was founded by Boyle, Wren, and others and was the driving force of science at the time. It was critical of both Galen and Aristotle, and it advocated Bacon's thinking.

The Royal Society of London

8

This institution followed Descartes' mechanical philosophy.

Academie Royale

9

These were some common therapeutics of the era.

Galenic drugs, venisection, emetics and purgatives ("heroic" medicine)

10

This man was known as the "English Hippocrates" for his emphasis on bedside medicine. He believed that diseases were specific entities.

Sydenham

11

This man was called "communis Europae praeceptor" (The Teacher of Europe). He described the body as a mechanism, did post-mortem examinations, and used a thermometer. He first described esophageal rupture, a syndrome that was later named after him.

Boerhaave