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Flashcards in The Scientific Transformation Deck (17):
1

He wrote the first handbook on physiology ("Handbuch der Physiologie des Menschen") and trained other famous scientists like Ludwig, Brucke, and Von Helmholtz.

Muller

2

This scientist proposed that the cell was the center of pathologic processes and wrote "Die Cellularpathologie"

Virchow

3

This man was a famous OB and proposed the washing of hands in a chlorine-water solution in between deliveries.

Semmelweiss

4

This researcher in chemistry, biology, medicine, and immunology proved that microorganisms were responsible for diseases, putrefaction, and fermentation.

Pasteur

5

This physician was heavily influenced by Pasteur and used phenol as an antiseptic in surgery.

Lister

6

This man was awarded the Nobel Prize for his discovery of TB and Cholera and is known for making bacteriology a real science.

Koch

see also "Koch's Postulates"

7

Substances like ethyl ether, chloroform, and nitrous oxide were early agents of this now commonly used practice in surgery.

Anesthesia

8

This man was responsible for the first public use of ether but is often not credited.

Crawford Long

9

Famous dentistry partner who unsuccessfully demonstrated the use of Nitrous Oxide.

Wells

10

Famous dentistry partner who is often wrongly credited with the first successful public demonstration of anesthesia

Morton

11

He was a British obstetrician who often used chloroform on his patients.

Simpson

12

After the issues of sepsis and pain were eliminated, this "heroic" specialty emerged and exploded.

Surgery

13

This famous surgeon refined antisepsis and performed new abdominal operations such as gastric resections and esophagectomies.

Billroth

14

He introduced the use of rubber gloves and was a well-known cancer surgeon credited with inventing the radical mastectomy. He was responsible for training other famous surgeons and was a well-known advocate of cocaine use.

Halsted

15

This man invented "x-rays" which were then incorporated into medicine rapidly.

Roentgen (Roentgenography)

16

This husband and wife discovered polonium and radium, which was then used to treat cancer.

Marie and Pierre Curie

17

He refined (not invented) electrocardiography allowing for the analysis of cardiac irregularities and differentiations of pathologic rhythms.

Einthoven