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Flashcards in Origins of Osteopathy Deck (20):
1

This man was a preacher who knew some medicine and passed it down to his sons. He was a radical abolitionist and was eventually exiled for it.

Abram Still (A.T.'s Father)

2

Born in 1828, this man would eventually become the founder of the osteopathic field.

Andrew Taylor (A.T.) Still

3

This historical event was set up by the Kansas-Nebraska Bill and resulted in skirmishes between abolitionist and pro-slavery parties.

"Bleeding Kansas"

4

The people of this movement were originally known as "Thomsonians" and were against state licensure for physicians.

Eclecticism

5

This idea is that "like cures like". It is characterized by miniscule amounts of a drug diluted down in water.

Homeopathy

6

This movement emphasized regimen, was against medicine, and promoted hydropathy (cold water baths).

Grahamism

7

This system was founded by Franz Mesmer and focused on restoring balance by passing hands or magnets over the body. This became what we know today as hypnotism.

Mesmerism

8

The idea the dead could be communicated with, founded by Andrew Jackson Davis who wrote "Great Harmonia". A.T. Still also believed in this.

Spiritualism

9

This was the study of bumps on the head that was founded by Franz Joseph Gall, who called it the only "true science of the mind".

Phrenology

10

A system in which practitioners manipulated and corrected dislocations, fractures, and painful joints. A.T. Still was heavily influenced by this movement.

Bone Setting

A.T. Still: "Lightning Bonesetter"

11

This theory was proposed by Darwin, influencing Herbert Spencer to coin this term.

Evolution

12

List some beliefs of Still or general characteristics at the beginning of osteopathy.

Argued against drugs of the day.
Strong relationships existed between anatomy and mechanics.
Mesmerism, bone setting, spiritualism, and possibly evolution were influential.

13

True or False: Heroic medicine was still frequently used in 19th Century medicine.

True

14

True or False: Death from infectious disease was no longer a major issue at the time osteopathy was developed.

False

15

On this date, A.T. Still "flung to the breeze the banner of osteopathy."

1874

16

These two also advocated changes in medicine of the time.

Broussais & Charcot

17

A.T. Still opened this school, which taught only anatomy and osteopathy; among its faculty were William Smith, who is credited as the first DO, and the Littlejohn brothers.

American School of Osteopathy (ASO)

18

This man started Columbian School of Osteopathy, which closed after only a year.

Marcus Ward

19

This man was a magnetic healer who attended ASO but then went on to found chiropractic medicine.

Daniel David Palmer

20

This was a competitor school of ASO that was founded by A.T. Still's nephew.

SS Still College of Osteopathy