Islamic Medicine Flashcards Preview

History of Medicine > Islamic Medicine > Flashcards

Flashcards in Islamic Medicine Deck (10):
1

jinn/evil eye

illness attributed to spirits

2

material medica

pharmacopeia of plants, herbs, minerals, animal products

3

Duty of muslims

take care of bod and spirit (compared to Europe who only focused on spirit)

4

Bayt al-Hikma

established in Baghdad under Hunayn ibn Ishaq (Johanitius)
medical school - translated texts

5

Madrases

development medical curricula similar to other religions
medical school

6

Hunayn Ibn Ishaq (Johannitius)

established Bayt - al-Hikma
wrote "Medical Questions" and "Liber Ysagogarum" - incorporated into the Articella - (standard text in Euro med schools)

7

Rhazes

director of Baghdad hospital
greatest clinician of Islamic world
Al Mansuri - ten treatises on all aspects of medical practice

8

Avicenna

Islamic Galen
wrote 450 Treatises
Kitab al-Qanun (Canon of Medicine) - entire philosophy in Arabic
systematized Hippocrates, galen, dioscordies, and others
became authority on medicine
hypothesized microorganisms

9

Maimonides

polymath
leading light in Islamic medicine
Described asthma, diabetes, hepatitis, pneumonia

10

bismaristan

first true hospital
founded in Baghdad
medical schools on site