The Red Eye Flashcards Preview

Opthalmology > The Red Eye > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Red Eye Deck (34):
1

what is blepharitis

inflammed eye lids

2

What are the two types of anterior blepharitis

seborrhoeic scales on lashes
staphlococcal
lid margin is redder than deep part

3

What is posterior blepharitis and what does it look like

meibomian gland dysfunction
redness is in deeper part of lid
lid margin often looks normal

4

what are the symptoms of blepharitis

gritty eyes
foreign body sensation
discharge
associated with conjunctivitis, kerititis and episcleritis

5

What are the signs of seborroeic anterior blepharitis

lid margin red
scales\dandfruft
no ulceration and lashes unaffected

6

what are the sings of staoh anterior blepharitis

lid margin red
distroted lashes
loss of lashes
ingrowing lashes
styes
ulcers of lid
corneal staining
marginal ulcers

7

what condition is posterior blepharitis associated

acne rosacea

8

What are the signs of posterior blepharitis

lid margin skin and lashes unaffected
MG openings pouting and swollen
inspissated (dried) secetion at gland opening
meibomian cysts

9

what is the treatment of blepharitis

lid hygeine
tear drop supplements
oral doxycycline for 2-3months

10

what is important about the symptoms of conjunctivitis

vision is unaffected

11

what are the signs of conjunctivitis

red eye- more towards the fornices
discharge- serous or mucopurlent
papillae or follicles
sub conj haemorrhage
chemosis
if viral may have raised pre auricular nodes

12

what causes follicular conjunctivitis

viral
chlamydial
drugs eg propine, trusopt

13

what causes central corneal ulcers

infective

14

what causes peripheral corneal ulcers

autoimmune
rheumatoid arthritis
hypersensitivity
wegeners

15

what are the symptoms of corneal ulcers

pain is needle like and severe
photophobia
profuse lacrimation
reduced vision
red eye- circumcorneal

16

What are the signs of corneal ulcers

redness
corneal reflex is abnoral
corneal opacity
staining with fluorescien
hypopyon

17

When can you get exposure keratitis

thyroid
VII palsy

18

When do you get keratoconjunctivitis sicca

Sjogrens

19

What infections give you neurotrophic keratitis

h zoster or V1

20

What vit deficiency can give you corneal ulcer

vitamen A

21

what is the treatment of corneal ulcers

swab to determine cause
ofloxacin hourly if bacterial
aciclovir ointment 5 times daily if viral
anti inflammatory if autoimmune

22

give autoimmune causes of anterior uveitis

reiters
ulc colitis
ank spondylitis
sarcoidosis

23

give infective causes of anterior uveitis

TB
syphilis
herpes simpex
herpes zoster

24

What malignancy can cause anterior uveitis

leukemia

25

what are the symptoms of anterior uveitis

pain
vision reduced
photophobia
red eye circumcorneal

26

What are the signs of anterior uveitis

ciliary injection
cells and flare in anterior chamber
keratic precipitates
hypopyon
synechiae- irregular pupil

27

how do you manage anterior uveitis

topical steroids- prednisolone
mydriatics -cyclopentolate

28

What is episcleritis associated with

gout

29

what is scleritis associated with

rheumatoid
wegners
uveuitis commonly associated

30

what is the treatment of scleritis

oral NSAIDs
oral steroids
steroid sparing agents

31

What is the appearance of scleritis

injection of deep vascular plexus- violaceous hue

32

how can you differentiate between episcelritis and scleritis

Scleritis may be differentiated from episcleritis by using phenylephrine or neosynephrine eye drops, which causes blanching of the blood vessels in episcleritis, but not in scleritis.

33

what group of peolple is closed angle glaucoma more common in

elderly with hypermetroic thick glasses

34

what are the signs and symptoms of acute closed angle glaucoma

severe pain
nausea
circumcorneal injection
cornea cloudy
pupil mid dilated
eye stony hard