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Flashcards in theory Deck (23)
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1

Blau and Duncan (1978)

human capital is necessary for modern capitalist states to prosper
a meritocratic education system enables each person to be allocated to the best job suited to their abilities
we make effective use of talents to maximise profits

2

Davis and Moore (1945)

role allocation - education helps to match individuals to the job they are best suited

3

organic analogy

institutions act as organs working together/ relying on each other

4

macro theory

belief that institutions directly impact individuals

5

consensus

institutions have a positive affect on society

6

Durkheim function of education

main function of education = solidarity and skills
creating social solidarity
teaching specialist skills

7

functionalist evaluation

marxists have a problem with the idea that 'norms' and 'values' are being promoted in schools to create social solidarity
teaches us to conform - become robotic members of society

8

Parsons

education acts as a bridge between home life and work life

9

'marketisation'

advertising/ selling the 'product' (school) to a particular market (parents)
through things like
open days
league tables (progress 8)
photos and website
prospectus
off-stead
specialist schools

10

cream skimming and silt shifting

schools pick the students they believe will achieve the highest grades (generally MC white) and discard the others

11

evaluation of marketisation

A-C economy
educational triage - setting and streaming
cream skimming and silt shifting

12

role of the state - Althusser

the state contains elements which serve to keep the bourgeoisie in power
the ISA and the RSA

13

RSA repressive state apparatus

maintain the rule of the bourgeoisie by force of threat
physical force may be used to repress the WC
e.g police, army

14

ISA ideological state apparatus

maintain the rule of the bourgeoisie by controlling peoples ideas, values and beliefs
e.g the church

15

marxist functions of education

reproducing class inequality
legitimising class inequality

16

reproducing class inequality

passes on that capitalism is right
continues the underachievement of the WC
results in streaming and labelling

17

legitimising class inequalities

justifies class inequality by blaming failure on students ability (meritocracy) and emphasises fairness at school

18

Bowles and Gintis case study

schools try to create robotic obedient students preparing them to be submissive compliant workers
negative from marxist viewpoint everyones taught the same norms and values - no one disagrees with the system and people won't challenge capitalism

19

Bowles and Gintis = correspondence principle

correspondence principle takes place through 'the hidden curriculum' (all the 'lessons' that are learnt in school without them being directly taught - rules and norms you learn)
AO3 - functionalists with these morals society would crumble

20

Bowles and Gintis

argue that meritocracy doesn't exist because the education system prepares you for work and creates failure to fill the lower skilled jobs

21

functionalist evaluation

interactionalists argue this theory on the role of education is deterministic and ignores free will

22

the new right perspective

they favour the marketisation of education because the state cannot meet peoples needs and that people are best left alone to meet their own needs in the free market

the state education system takes a 'one size fits all' approach imposing uniformity disregarding local needs

23

Chub and Moe

each family should have a voucher to spend on buying education at the school of their choice
this would make schools compete and would improve quality