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Flashcards in Timber Deck (37):
1

What is a hardwood?

A wood that has been cut from a deciduous tree. They are slow growing, which can make them harder with some notable exceptions (eg balsawood).

2

What is a softwood?

A wood that has been cut from a coniferous tree. They tend to grow faster, and so are generally softer to work than hardwood.

3

What are manufactured boards?

Boards that have been made by gluing together wood fibres or veneers.

4

Why must wood be cut and sawn across the grain?

Because it splits easily along the grain.

5

What should be considered when choosing what kind of wood to work with?

Grain pattern
Colour
Texture
Workability
Structural strength

6

What are the 5 qualities of beech?

Hardwood
Fine texture
Light colour
Hard but easy to work with
Can be steam bent (steam heated and then cramped around a former until cool)

7

What are the uses of beech wood?

Toys and tool handles

8

What are the 4 qualities of oak?

Hardwood
Strong and light brown
Open grained
Hard but quite easy to work with

9

What can oak be used for?

Veneers, beams in buildings and high quality furniture.

10

What are the 5 qualities of ash?

Hardwood
Open grained
Easy to work with
Pale cream, often stained black
Can be laminated

11

What are the uses of ash?

Sports equipment, tools, furniture, ladders and veneers.

12

What are the 3 qualities of mahogany?

Hardwood
Dark reddish-brown
Easy to work with

13

What are the uses of mahogany?

Bars, indoor furniture, veneers and shop fittings.

14

What are the 4 qualities of teak?

Hardwood
Oily texture
Golden brown
Highly resistant to moisture

15

What are the uses of teak?

Outdoor furniture, boats and lab furniture and equipment.

16

What are the 5 qualities of Scotch pine (AKA Red Deal)?

Softwood
Straight grained with knots
Light colour
Strong and easy to work with
Inexpensive

17

What are the uses of Scotch pine (AKA Red Deal)?

DIY, construction and general joinery.

18

What are the 6 qualities of parana pine?

Softwood
Straight grained
Hard
Strong and durable
Expensive
Yellow with red / brown streaks

19

What are the uses of parana pine?

High quality furniture and fittings such as stairs.

20

What are the 5 qualities of Western red cedar?

Softwood
Lightweight and knot free
Reddish brown
Easy to work but weak and expensive
Oily

21

What are the uses of Western red cedar?

Outdoor fittings such as fences

22

What are the 4 qualities of pitch pine?

Softwood
Pale yellow with a fine, even texture
Medium weight
Stiff and stable

23

What are the uses of pitch pine?

Furniture, church pews and veneers.

24

What are the 3 qualities of yew?

Softwood
Red brown with small hard knots
Very durable

25

What are the uses of yew?

High quality furniture for bedrooms and kitchens.

26

What are the 4 advantages of using manufactured board?

Available in large sizes
Stable
Easy to work
Can be painted and polished for a high quality finish

27

What are the 3 disadvantages of using manufactured board?

Can be more expensive than solid wood
Not as attractive as solid wood
The edges need to be covered to hide the inside

28

What are the 4 qualities of MDF (Medium Density Fibreboard)?

Smooth, even surface
Easily machined and painted and polished
Can be produced to be water or fire resistant
Often painted and polished for a high quality finish

29

What are the uses of MDF (Medium Density Fibreboard)?

Furniture and interior panelling

30

What are the 2 qualities of hardboard?

A cheap particle board
Can have a laminated surface

31

What are the uses of hardboard?

Kitchen back panels

32

What are the 2 qualities of chipboard?

Made of wood chips glued with urea formaldehyde
Can be veneered with attractive hardwood or plastic laminate

33

What are the uses of chipboard?

Kitchen and bedroom furniture, as well as general DIY work and shelving.

34

What are the 3 qualities of plywood?

A strong board made of veneers or plies glued at 90 degrees to each other
Interior and exterior applications
WBP (water and boil proof) available for extreme conditions

35

What are the uses of plywood?

Furniture making, boat building and exterior work.

36

What are the 2 qualities of blockboard?

Similar to plywood, with a central layer made of timber
Used for heavier structures

37

What are the uses of blockboard?

Furniture backs, shelving and worktops.