Flashcards in Timber Deck (37):
What is a hardwood?
A wood that has been cut from a deciduous tree. They are slow growing, which can make them harder with some notable exceptions (eg balsawood).
What is a softwood?
A wood that has been cut from a coniferous tree. They tend to grow faster, and so are generally softer to work than hardwood.
What are manufactured boards?
Boards that have been made by gluing together wood fibres or veneers.
Why must wood be cut and sawn across the grain?
Because it splits easily along the grain.
What should be considered when choosing what kind of wood to work with?
What are the 5 qualities of beech?
Hard but easy to work with
Can be steam bent (steam heated and then cramped around a former until cool)
What are the uses of beech wood?
Toys and tool handles
What are the 4 qualities of oak?
Strong and light brown
Hard but quite easy to work with
What can oak be used for?
Veneers, beams in buildings and high quality furniture.
What are the 5 qualities of ash?
Easy to work with
Pale cream, often stained black
Can be laminated
What are the uses of ash?
Sports equipment, tools, furniture, ladders and veneers.
What are the 3 qualities of mahogany?
Easy to work with
What are the uses of mahogany?
Bars, indoor furniture, veneers and shop fittings.
What are the 4 qualities of teak?
Highly resistant to moisture
What are the uses of teak?
Outdoor furniture, boats and lab furniture and equipment.
What are the 5 qualities of Scotch pine (AKA Red Deal)?
Straight grained with knots
Strong and easy to work with
What are the uses of Scotch pine (AKA Red Deal)?
DIY, construction and general joinery.
What are the 6 qualities of parana pine?
Strong and durable
Yellow with red / brown streaks
What are the uses of parana pine?
High quality furniture and fittings such as stairs.
What are the 5 qualities of Western red cedar?
Lightweight and knot free
Easy to work but weak and expensive
What are the uses of Western red cedar?
Outdoor fittings such as fences
What are the 4 qualities of pitch pine?
Pale yellow with a fine, even texture
Stiff and stable
What are the uses of pitch pine?
Furniture, church pews and veneers.
What are the 3 qualities of yew?
Red brown with small hard knots
What are the uses of yew?
High quality furniture for bedrooms and kitchens.
What are the 4 advantages of using manufactured board?
Available in large sizes
Easy to work
Can be painted and polished for a high quality finish
What are the 3 disadvantages of using manufactured board?
Can be more expensive than solid wood
Not as attractive as solid wood
The edges need to be covered to hide the inside
What are the 4 qualities of MDF (Medium Density Fibreboard)?
Smooth, even surface
Easily machined and painted and polished
Can be produced to be water or fire resistant
Often painted and polished for a high quality finish
What are the uses of MDF (Medium Density Fibreboard)?
Furniture and interior panelling
What are the 2 qualities of hardboard?
A cheap particle board
Can have a laminated surface
What are the uses of hardboard?
Kitchen back panels
What are the 2 qualities of chipboard?
Made of wood chips glued with urea formaldehyde
Can be veneered with attractive hardwood or plastic laminate
What are the uses of chipboard?
Kitchen and bedroom furniture, as well as general DIY work and shelving.
What are the 3 qualities of plywood?
A strong board made of veneers or plies glued at 90 degrees to each other
Interior and exterior applications
WBP (water and boil proof) available for extreme conditions
What are the uses of plywood?
Furniture making, boat building and exterior work.
What are the 2 qualities of blockboard?
Similar to plywood, with a central layer made of timber
Used for heavier structures