Topic 1.1.5 Your personal health and well being (DIET) Flashcards Preview

SHHS - PE - GCSE Y11 > Topic 1.1.5 Your personal health and well being (DIET) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Topic 1.1.5 Your personal health and well being (DIET) Deck (40)
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1

What are the two types of Carbohydrates?

complex and simple

2

Carbohydrates give us

energy

3

Complex carbohydrates are referred to as....

starch

4

Complex carbohydrates can be found in...

Natural foods such as: - bananas - brown rice - wholemeal bread/pasta - nuts - potatoes

5

Carbohydrates should be what % of our daily intake

50%

6

Simple carbohydrates are referred to as...

sugars

7

Simple carbohydrates can be found in...

Fruit and vegetables

8

Carbohydrates are stored...

in the muscles and the liver as glycogen. This is then converted into glucose for energy

9

Which provides a slower and long lasting release of energy? (complex/simple carbohydrate)

Complex carbohydrate

10

Fats are important as they...

provide energy and help muscles to work

11

Fats can be found in...

butter, margarine and cooking oils. Bacon, cheese, and nuts

12

Fats should be what % of our daily intake

20%

13

Protein is important to...

build muscles and repair damaged tissue.

14

Minerals include:

Calcium an Iron

15

Calcium is vital for health especially...

growth and formation of bones and teeth

16

It is important to maintain calcium to reduce likelihood of...

Osteoporosis

17

The main source of calcium in the diet is...

Milk, cheese and cereals

18

Iron is essential to...

the blood

19

Lack of iron can lead to...

Anaemia

20

Many foods contain iron but the best most easy way to get iron is from...

meat

21

Vitamins are necessary for...

- Good vision - Good skin - Red blood cell formation - Healing - healthy bones and teeth - blood clotting

22

Water accounts for around how much of the body weight?

50%

23

Water is essential to...

control temperature

24

Elite sports performers make sure they eat a balanced diet.

Briefly explain the importance of carbohydrates to an elite athlete (2 marks)

Carbohydrates provide energy (1) so qaulity of performance remain high (1)

or

Carbohydrates provide energy (1) so they cna last longer in their game/race/event (1)

or

Carbohydrates provide energy (1) so they can maintain/continue activity level in game/race/event (1)

or

Carbohydrates provide energy (1) so can increase intensity/work rate when needed in a fast break (1)

25

Elite sports performers make sure they eat a balanced diet.

Briefly explain the importance of protein to an elite athlete (2 marks)

Preotein is used for growth/increased muscle mass/bigger muscles (1) so stronger/powerful/faster for their event (1)

or

Repair of tissue/muscle (1) to recover from injury / quicker recovery (1)

26

Adrianna is a basketball player. Due to a lack of time she oftern eats her dinner just before playing Basketball.

Explain why eating a large meal jsut before exercise might have a negative effect on performance (3 marks)

Blood shunting occurs (1)

Increased blood flow to the digestive system is required after eating a large meal (1)

However blood flow is required to the active muscles during exercise (1)

Resulting in insufficient blood flow for increased blood flow to both the digestive system and active muscles / exercise causes blood flow to digestive system to be restricted / blood goes to muscles rather than digestive system (1)

27

What nutrient is missing

Fats

Fibre

Water

Minerals

Vitamins

Protein

Carbohydrate

28

State the importance of carbohydrate in maintaining an active lifestyle

Provides energy

29

Some vitamins and minerals can increase bone strength.

Apart form diet, how else can a person increase their bone strength?

Weight bearing exercise

e.g. running, jogging, aerobics, playing tennis

30

Explain why we are told not to exercise immediately after eating a large meal (3 marks)

Blood shunting (1)

To digest food the digestive system needs a (greater) blood supply (1)

But during exercise muscles need a greater blood supply/blood is shunted form stomach to working muscles (1)

Therefore there would be insufficient blood flow to exercise effectively as needed by the digestive system (1)

Therefore food would not be completely broken down (1)