Topic 1.2.1: Physical activity and your healthy mind and body. (PERFORMANCE ENHANCING DRUGS) Flashcards Preview

SHHS - PE - GCSE Y11 > Topic 1.2.1: Physical activity and your healthy mind and body. (PERFORMANCE ENHANCING DRUGS) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Topic 1.2.1: Physical activity and your healthy mind and body. (PERFORMANCE ENHANCING DRUGS) Deck (45)
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1

name the three types of somatypes

endomorph mesomorph ectomorph

2

what sport is an endormoph commonly known to participate in?

rugby

3

what sport is an mesomorph commonly known to participate in?

sprinting

4

what sport is an ectomorph commonly know to participate in?

long distance running

5

how do you find your somatotype

height, weight, bone size and muscle girth, measurements as well as fat content.

6

complete the statement: ---------- tend to be very muscular

Mesophorps

7

what are the missing words? Ectomorphs have a very slim build, they tend to be tall and ----

thin/ skinny

8

what isoptimum weight?

a persons favorable optimum weight could be with reference to general lifestyle or a specific sport. Most sports people get to know the weight at which they perform best..

9

what 5 factors affect optimum weight?

height gender bone structure muscle genetics

10

in what ways can people lose weight

decreasing calories (dieting) or increasing calorie expenditure (exercise) or doing both ( dieting and exercise)

11

what are the 5 terms to describe medical conditions related to weight?

anorexic obese overfat overweight underweight

12

what does anorexia mean?

a prolonged eating disorder due to loss of appetite.

13

what can obesity lead to?

cancer coronary heart disease type 2 diabetes high blood pressure

14

what does overfat mean?

having body fat in excess of normal.

15

what does overweight mean?

having weight in excess of normal.

16

what does underweight mean?

weighing less than normal.

17

what does obese mean?

a term used to describe people who are very overfat.

18

what is an endomorph?

an individual with wide hips and narrow shoulders, characterized by fatness.

19

what is a mesomorph?

an individual with wide shoulders and narrow hips, characterized by muscularity.

20

what is an ectomorph?

an individual with narrow shoulders and narrow hips, characterized by thinness.

21

Anabolic steroids definition

Drugs that mimic the make sex hormone testosterone and promote bone and muscle growth

22

Beta blockers definition

Drugs that are used to control the head rate and have a calming and relaxing effect

23

Diuretics definition

Drugs that elevate the rate of urine production

24

Narcotics/analgesics definition

Drugs that can be used to reduce pain

25

Stimulants definition

Drugs that have an effect on the central nervous system, such as an increased mental and/or physical alertness

26

Peptide hormones (EPO) definition

Drugs that can cause other hormones to be produced

27

Side effects of anabolic steroids

• Increased risk of heart attacks and strokes • High blood pressure • Liver disease • Increased risk of muscle injury • Infertility in women

28

Side effects of Beta Blockers

• Nausea and diarrhoea • Tiredness • Depression • Insomnia and nightmares

29

Side effects of diuretics

• Dehydration • Dizziness • Headaches and nausea • Muscle cramps • Kidney problems

30

Side effects of narcotics/analgesics

• Loss of concentration • Loss of balance • Loss of coordination • Emotional effects (hallucinations)