Topic 1.1.3: Exercise and fitness as part of your healthy active lifestyle (COMPONENTS OF FITNESS) Flashcards Preview

SHHS - PE - GCSE Y11 > Topic 1.1.3: Exercise and fitness as part of your healthy active lifestyle (COMPONENTS OF FITNESS) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Topic 1.1.3: Exercise and fitness as part of your healthy active lifestyle (COMPONENTS OF FITNESS) Deck (48)
Loading flashcards...
1

Define Health...

A state of complete mental, physical, and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity.

2

Define Exercise...

A form of physical activity which maintains or improves health and/or physical fitness.

3

Define the term fitness...

Ability to meet the demands of the environment.

4

Define Performance...

How well a task is completed.

5

Name the components of health-related exercise...

1) Cardiovascular fitness
2) Muscular strength
3) Muscular endurance
4) Flexibility
5) Body composition

6

What key term matches this definition:
The ability to exercise the entire body for long periods of time?

Cardiovascular fitness

7

What is the definition of muscular strength?

The amount of force a muscle can exert against a resistance.

8

What is the definition of flexibility?

The range of movement possible at a joint.

9

Define Muscular endurance...

The ability to use the voluntary muscles many times without getting tired.

10

What key term matches the definition:
The percentage of body weight that is fat, muscle and bone

Body composition

11

Name the components of skill-related fitness:

1) Agility
2) Balance
3) Coordination
4) Power
5) Reaction time
6) Speed

12

What is the definition of agility?

The ability to change the position of the body quickly and to control the movement of the whole body.

13

Define the key term balance...

The ability to retain the centre of gravity of the body, above the base of support with reference to static (stationary), or dynamic (changing) conditions of movement, shape and orientation.

14

What key term matches the definition:
The ability to use two or more body parts together.

Coordination

15

What term matches the definition:
The ability to undertake strength performance quickly.
Power= Strength x speed

Power

16

What is the definition of reaction time?

The time between the presentation of a stimulus and the onset of movement.

17

Define the key term speed...

The differential rate at which an individual is able to perform a movement or cover a distance in a period of time.

18

How are exercise, health, fitness and performance related?

Exercise improves health and develops fitness, which enhances performance in physical activities.

19

Give an example sport for each component of health-related exercise...

Cardiovascular fitness- Football, rugby, netball and tennis
Muscular strength- Weight lifting
Muscular endurance- Running and swimming
Flexibility- Gymnastics and badminton
Body composition- Rugby

20

Give an example sport for each component of skill-related exercise...

Agility- Boxing, Rugby and Badminton
Balance- Yoga, Basketball and gymnastics
Coordination- Football, Cricket and badminton
Power- Sprinting, Throwing, Long jump, high jump and Footballers
Reaction time-Sprinting and badminton
Speed- Sprinting, Boxing and Tennis

21

Which one of the following performers relies most heavily on a high level of cardiovascular fitness for success?
A: 200m runner
B: 400m runner
C: 800m runner
D: 1500m runner

D: 1500m runner

22

Explain why and when muscular strength is used in Tennis?

When the player is serving to hit the ball they need muscular strength to hit the ball hard making it harder for their opponent to return it

23

Explain why and when muscular endurance is used in Tennis?

To allow the player to continue playing the same shot, for example a forehand, for the whole game. If they had poor muscular endurance they wouldn't play as an effective shot when they tired.

24

Explain why and when flexibility is used in Tennis?

when a player stretches to return the ball when it has been played in an area of the court away from them.

25

When would a table tennis player use speed during a game?

Moving arm quickly OR playing a fast shot OR return the ball quickly

OR

Moving body into position quickly e.g. moving across the table quickly to return the ball

26

When would a table tennis player use coordination during a game?

Hitting the ball (any example of named shot e.g. serve)

27

Why is speed important to a table tennis player?

Helps increase the power of the return making it harder for their opponent to hit it back

OR

In a better position to play a shot, this gives more time and therefore can play a better shot

OR

Helps them reach the ball in time

28

Why is coordination important to a table tennis player?

Allows the correct timing of a shot meaning they do not miss it.

OR

They make proper contact with the ball

29

Briefly explain how a gymnast completing a leap on the beam uses power to complete this skill (2 marks)

Power is used to gain height/push off/explode from/apply force/jump from the beam (1)

This would give the time needed to complete the move (1)

30

Briefly explain how a gymnast completing a leap on the beam uses Coordination to complete this skill (2 marks

Two or more body part moved together to achieve the position/shape/both legs need to be moved together (1)

Coordination is used to execute the technique correctly/perform the move well/perform with control/make the position aesthetically pleasing (1)