Who are in-patients?
patients who are hospitalised for diagnostic work, medical treatment and recovery from surgical procedures
Managing in-patients involves?
- taking regular observations
- keeping patients in a comfortable and hygienic state
- performing diagnostic procedures
- giving treatments
- recognising and responding to their physical and psychological needs
- managing medications, nutrition, indwelling IV catheters and fluids, indwelling urinary catheters, oxygen and feeding tubes, heating and cooling apparatus, and toileting
- doing everything to maximise their chance of recovery from injury and disease
- communicating with the veterinary treatment team
- communicating with and caring for the animal's owners - the clients
Why may some patients require urinary catheters?
- Assist in the emptying of the urinary bladder, eg in cases of urinary bladder paralysis
- Maintain the patency of the urethra, eg after relieving a urethrael obstruction
- Monitor and measure urine output
Indications for cleaning external ear canal?
- Build-up of wax
- Yeast / bacterial / ear mite infections
- Prior to administration of topical medications or examination for foreign body
List the equipment required for ear cleaning
- Cotton wool / cotton balls / swabs
- Cotton buds
- Ear cleaner (commercially available)
- Non-sterile gloves
- Microscope slides +/- transport swabs
Describe the ear cleaning procedure
- Do not poke down further than you can see with your own eyes
- examine ear using otoscope
- to remove gross wax build up, use damp cotton ball w/ ear cleaner and gently wipe
- Hold pinna upright in one hand, and squeeze sml amount of ear cleaner into vertical ear canal
- Gently massage base of vertical ear canal from outside ear for several seconds
- wipe out wax w/ cotton balls
- Use cotton buds to clean crevices and folds
What are the primary reasons for administering an enema?
- to empty the rectum
- to aid in diagnostics
- to introduce medicines
What are some reasons we may want to empty the rectum?
- preparation for radiographic imaging
- cleaning prior to endoscopy
- prior to drug admin to assist absorption
Where is the best place to perform an enema?
Outside clinic in enclosed space
List the equipment needed to perform an enema
- gloves (lots), aprons, protective shoes
- bucket of warm water, or warm soapy water
- hose and funnel
- liquid paraffin
What are the five stages of grief?
What aims should you use when discussing euthanasia with a client?
When should toy discuss body disposal options with the client?