Flashcards in TPO02 Deck (44)
to make something by cutting into especially wood or stone, or to cut into the surface of stone, wood, etc.
This totem pole is carved from/out of a single tree trunk.
He carved her name on a tree.
Some of the tunnels in the cliff are natural, some were carved out (= cut into the rock) by soldiers for defensive purposes.
› to cut thin pieces from a large piece of cooked meat
Would you like me to carve (the chicken)?
a hard white substance that is used in making plaster of Paris
soluble / solubility
able to be dissolved to form a solution
elaborate (verb) (adjective)
containing a lot of careful detail or many detailed parts
You want a plain blouse to go with that skirt - nothing too elaborate.
They're making the most elaborate preparations for the wedding.
He came out with such an elaborate excuse that I didn't quite believe him.
It was the most elaborately decorated cake - all sugar flowers and bows.
to add more information to or explain something that you have said
The minister said he was resigning, but refused to elaborate on his reasons for doing so.
elaboration noun [C or U]
This point needs greater elaboration.
genre (be aware about the pronunciation)
a style, especially in the arts, that involves a particular set of characteristics
What genre does the book fall into - comedy or tragedy?
a literary/musical/film genre
at the present time, in comparison to the past
Who remembers those films nowadays?
Nowadays, I bake my own bread rather than buy it.
scarce (be aware of the ponunciation)
not easy to find or get
Food and clean water were becoming scarce.
to show, point or make clear in another way
Exploratory investigations have indicated large amounts of oil below the sea bed.
[+ question word] Please indicate which free gift you would like to receive.
[+ (that)] She indicated to me (that) she didn't want me to say anything.
strips of lead
the ability to judge correctly what is going to happen in the future and plan your actions based on this knowledge
She'd had the foresight to sell her apartment just before house prices came down.
a type of elementary particle (= very small piece of matter) which has a positive electrical charge and is found in the nucleus of all atoms
the system of rules and acceptable behaviour used at official ceremonies and occasions
a breach of Royal protocol
a gas that is lighter than air, will not burn, is an element and is used in balloons, airships and some types of lights
a colourless gas without a smell, which is often used as a fuel
Methane is the main constituent of natural gas.
a gas with a strong unpleasant smell used in making explosives, fertilizers (= substances which help plants grow) and some cleaning products
molecule / molecular (adjective)
the simplest unit of a chemical substance, usually a group of two or more atoms
slightly formal to keep or continue to have something
She has lost her battle to retain control of the company.
He managed to retain his dignity throughout the performance.
She succeeded in retaining her lead in the second half of the race.
I have a good memory and am able to retain (= remember) facts easily.
› slightly formal If a substance retains something, such as heat or water, it continues to hold or contain it
The sea retains the sun's warmth longer than the land.
not exact, not clear, or without clear limits
The project has been postponed for an indefinite period.
an indefinite number of people
(of amounts or numbers) very small or not enough
a meagre salary
The prisoners existed on a meagre diet.
[C usually singular] a large hole or empty space
She stood at the edge of the chasm and stared into the void.
Before Einstein, space was regarded as a formless void.
› [S] a feeling of unhappiness because someone or something is missing
They tried to describe their attempts to fill the void left by their son's death.
to throw something carelessly
He glanced at the letter and then tossed it into the bin.
The bull tossed him up into the air.
[+ two objects] Andrew tossed him the ball.
not giving or having a result or decision
The evidence is inconclusive.
The medical tests were inconclusive, and will need to be repeated.
making you want to do or believe a particular thing
a persuasive speaker/speech
Your arguments are very persuasive.
He can be very persuasive.
prior to sth
slightly formal existing or happening before something else, or before a particular time
prior to sth
› before a particular time or event
the weeks prior to her death
The course required no prior knowledge of Spanish.
They had to refuse the dinner invitation because of a prior engagement (= something already planned for that time).
relating to the North or South Pole or the areas around them
the polar ice caps
a poisonous form of oxygen