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Flashcards in TPO02 Deck (44)
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1

carve

to make something by cutting into especially wood or stone, or to cut into the surface of stone, wood, etc.
(尤指在石頭或木頭上)雕刻
This totem pole is carved from/out of a single tree trunk.
這根圖騰柱是由一整根樹幹雕刻而成的。
He carved her name on a tree.
他將她的名字刻在樹上。
Some of the tunnels in the cliff are natural, some were carved out (= cut into the rock) by soldiers for defensive purposes.
峭壁中的一些隧道是天然形成的,一些是士兵在石頭上開鑿出來用於防禦的。

› to cut thin pieces from a large piece of cooked meat
把(熟肉)切成小片
Would you like me to carve (the chicken)?
您要我(把雞肉)切成小塊嗎?

2

gypsum

a hard white substance that is used in making plaster of Paris
石膏

3

soluble / solubility

able to be dissolved to form a solution
可溶的,易於溶解的
soluble aspirins
可溶阿斯匹靈

4

elaborate (verb) (adjective)

containing a lot of careful detail or many detailed parts
精心計劃(或製作)的;詳盡的;複雜的
You want a plain blouse to go with that skirt - nothing too elaborate.
你應該用一件樣式簡單的襯衫來配那條裙子,不要樣式太複雜的。
They're making the most elaborate preparations for the wedding.
他們正爲婚禮做極爲精心周到的準備。
He came out with such an elaborate excuse that I didn't quite believe him.
他突然說了那麽一大套理由,搞得我不敢相信他。

It was the most elaborately decorated cake - all sugar flowers and bows.
那是個裝飾得非常精美的蛋糕,上面布滿了糖製的花朵和蝴蝶結。



to add more information to or explain something that you have said
詳盡說明;闡述
The minister said he was resigning, but refused to elaborate on his reasons for doing so.
部長說他將辭職,但拒絕詳細說明原因。
elaboration noun [C or U]

This point needs greater elaboration.
這一點需要更加詳細的論述。

5

genre (be aware about the pronunciation)

/ˈʒɒn-/

a style, especially in the arts, that involves a particular set of characteristics
(尤指藝術的)風格,類型,體裁
What genre does the book fall into - comedy or tragedy?
這本書屬於甚麽體裁——喜劇還是悲劇?
a literary/musical/film genre
文學體裁/音樂風格/電影類型

6

nowadays

at the present time, in comparison to the past
如今,現在
Who remembers those films nowadays?
如今誰還記得那些電影?
Nowadays, I bake my own bread rather than buy it.
現在,我自己烤麵包而不去買現成的了。

7

scarce (be aware of the ponunciation)

/skers/

not easy to find or get
難得的,稀有的,罕見的
Food and clean water were becoming scarce.
食物和乾淨的水越來越少了。
scarce resources
稀有資源

8

indicate

to show, point or make clear in another way
標示;表明;顯示
Exploratory investigations have indicated large amounts of oil below the sea bed.
勘測調查顯示海床下有大量的石油。
[+ question word] Please indicate which free gift you would like to receive.
請標出你想要哪種免費禮物。
[+ (that)] She indicated to me (that) she didn't want me to say anything.
她向我表示希望我甚麼都不要說。

9

lead



lead

引線
lead

帶領

10

strip

11

strips of lead

鉛條

12

deprive

strip

13

foresight

the ability to judge correctly what is going to happen in the future and plan your actions based on this knowledge
深謀遠慮;先見之明;遠見卓識
She'd had the foresight to sell her apartment just before house prices came down.
她非常有遠見,剛好在房價下跌之前把她的公寓賣掉了。

14

proton

a type of elementary particle (= very small piece of matter) which has a positive electrical charge and is found in the nucleus of all atoms
質子

15

protocol

treaty

or

the system of rules and acceptable behaviour used at official ceremonies and occasions
禮儀,禮節
a breach of Royal protocol
對皇家禮儀的違反
diplomatic protocol
外交禮儀

16

helium

a gas that is lighter than air, will not burn, is an element and is used in balloons, airships and some types of lights

17

methane

a colourless gas without a smell, which is often used as a fuel
甲烷,沼氣
Methane is the main constituent of natural gas.
甲烷是天然氣的主要成分。

18

ammonia

a gas with a strong unpleasant smell used in making explosives, fertilizers (= substances which help plants grow) and some cleaning products
氨;氨水

19

molecule / molecular (adjective)

the simplest unit of a chemical substance, usually a group of two or more atoms
分子

20

retain

slightly formal to keep or continue to have something
保持;保留;保有
She has lost her battle to retain control of the company.
她被打敗了,失去了繼續掌管公司的權力。
He managed to retain his dignity throughout the performance.
在整個表演過程中,他設法保持了自己的尊嚴。
She succeeded in retaining her lead in the second half of the race.
在比賽的後半程中,她成功地保住了領先地位。
I have a good memory and am able to retain (= remember) facts easily.
我記憶力很好,記東西不費勁。
› slightly formal If a substance retains something, such as heat or water, it continues to hold or contain it
保存;留住;容納
The sea retains the sun's warmth longer than the land.
海水儲存太陽的熱量的時間比陸地要長。

21

indefinite

not exact, not clear, or without clear limits
不確定的;不清楚的;無限期的
The project has been postponed for an indefinite period.
這專案被無限延期了。
an indefinite number of people
不確定的人數

22

meagre

(of amounts or numbers) very small or not enough
(數量)很少的,不足的
a meagre salary
微薄的薪水
The prisoners existed on a meagre diet.
那些囚犯靠少得可憐的食物維持生存

23

void

[C usually singular] a large hole or empty space
空洞;空間;空白
She stood at the edge of the chasm and stared into the void.
她站在裂縫的邊緣凝視著下麵的深淵。
Before Einstein, space was regarded as a formless void.
在愛因斯坦之前,太空被認為是無形的虛空之地。
› [S] a feeling of unhappiness because someone or something is missing
空虛感;失落感
They tried to describe their attempts to fill the void left by their son's death.
他們竭力想要描述他們曾如何試圖填補兒子死後留下的空虛感。

24

toss

to throw something carelessly
(隨意地)扔,擲,拋
He glanced at the letter and then tossed it into the bin.
他掃了一眼信就把它丟進了垃圾箱。
The bull tossed him up into the air.
公牛把他頂到了半空中。
[+ two objects] Andrew tossed him the ball.
安德魯將球拋給他。

25

inconclusive

not giving or having a result or decision
無結果的;無定論的
The evidence is inconclusive.
這項證據是沒有說服力的。
The medical tests were inconclusive, and will need to be repeated.
這些醫學試驗尚無定論,仍需重複進行。

26

persuasively

making you want to do or believe a particular thing
有說服力的,令人信服的
a persuasive speaker/speech
有說服力的演講者/演說
Your arguments are very persuasive.
你的論據非常有說服力。
He can be very persuasive.
他有時也很有說服力。

27

prior to sth

slightly formal existing or happening before something else, or before a particular time
在先的,在前的;居先的



prior to sth
› before a particular time or event
在…之前
the weeks prior to her death
她死之前的幾個星期

The course required no prior knowledge of Spanish.
這門課不要求先前學過西班牙語。
They had to refuse the dinner invitation because of a prior engagement (= something already planned for that time).
因為事先另有約會,他們只好拒絕了吃飯的邀請。

28

polar

relating to the North or South Pole or the areas around them
兩極的;近兩極的
the polar ice caps
極地冰冠

29

ozone

a poisonous form of oxygen
臭氧

30

complimentary

praising or expressing admiration for someone
讚美的;讚賞的;恭維的
The reviews of his latest film have been highly complimentary.
評論文章對他的最新影片高度讚賞。
She wasn't very complimentary about your performance, was she?
她對你的表演不怎麼讚賞,是嗎?
Our guests said some very complimentary things about the meal I'd cooked.
我們的客人對我做的飯菜大加讚賞。