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Flashcards in TPO03 Deck (48)
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1

deciduous

A deciduous tree loses its leaves in autumn and grows new ones in the spring.
(樹木)落葉的

2

polar regions

極地

3

steppe

a large area of land with grass but no trees, especially in southeastern Europe, Russia and northern Asia
(尤指東南歐、俄羅斯和亞洲北部無樹的)乾草原,大草原
These people have lived for centuries on the Russian steppes.
這些人已經在俄羅斯大草原上居住了幾個世紀。

4

slope

a surface which lies at an angle to the horizontal so that some points on it are higher than others
斜坡
The roof is at a slope (= at an angle to a horizontal surface) of 30°.
屋頂有30°的坡度。
› (part of) the side of a hill or mountain
山坡
a ski/mountain slope
滑雪坡/山坡
Snow had settled on some of the higher slopes.
雪堆積在一些較高的山坡上。
There's a very steep slope just before you reach the top of the mountain.
在你到達山頂之前要經過一個陡坡。
There are some nice gentle (= not steep) slopes that we can ski down.
那裡有一些我們可以滑雪的緩坡。

5

whereas

compared with the fact that; but
儘管;但是;卻
He must be about sixty, whereas his wife looks about thirty.
他肯定有60歲上下了,可他妻子看起來只有30歲。
You eat a massive plate of food for lunch, whereas I have just a sandwich.
你午飯吃了一大盤東西,可我只吃了個三明治。

6

attain

to reach or succeed in getting something; to achieve
實現;獲得;贏得
He has attained the highest grade in his music exams.
他在音樂考試中得了最高分。
We need to identify the best ways of attaining our objectives/goals.
我們需要確定達到目標的最佳方法。
India attained independence in 1947, after decades of struggle.
經過幾十年的鬥爭,印度於1947年獲得獨立。

7

prone

likely to suffer from an illness or show a particular negative characteristic
易於遭受(疾病)的;有(消極)傾向的
I've always been prone to headaches.
我總是容易頭痛。
He was prone to depressions even as a teenager.
甚至在青少年時期他就容易情緒抑鬱。
She's prone to exaggerate, that's for sure.
她喜歡誇大其詞,這一點是肯定的。

8

cessation

ending or stopping
結束;停止;中斷,中止
Religious leaders have called for a total cessation of the bombing campaign.
宗教領袖都呼籲徹底停止這次轟炸行動。

9

adjacent

very near, next to, or touching
鄰近的;毗連的
They work in adjacent buildings.
他們在相鄰的兩座樓裡工作。
They lived in a house adjacent to the railway.
他們家住在鐵路旁邊。

10

rigor

forceful or extremely strict obedience of rules
嚴厲;嚴格;苛嚴
They were punished with unusual rigour.
他們遭到了非常嚴厲的懲罰。
the rigours of sth
› the unpleasant or severe conditions of something
嚴峻、嚴酷的條件
They survived the rigours of the winter.
他們熬過了嚴冬。

11

temperature

溫度

If you say that the temperature in a particular situation is rising, you mean that it is likely to become violent because people have become angry
緊張程度,激烈程度
The temperature of the discussion started to rise as each side added its own arguments.
由於討論雙方各執一詞,氣氛開始變得緊張起來

12

prevalent

existing very commonly or happening often
流行的,盛行的,普遍的
These diseases are more prevalent among young children.
這些疾病在幼兒中更普遍。
Trees are dying in areas where acid rain is most prevalent.
樹木在酸雨非常嚴重的地區正面臨枯死。

13

cease

to stop something
停止,中止
Whether the protests will cease remains to be seen.
抗議活動是否會停止還說不準。
The company has decided to cease all UK operations after this year.
公司決定從明年開始停止一切在英國的業務活動。
[+ to infinitive] Workplace nurseries will cease to be liable for tax.
將停止對工作場所的托兒所徵稅。

14

whereby

by which way or method
由此,從而;藉以
They've set up a plan whereby you can spread the cost over a period.
他們已經制訂了這樣一個計劃,允許在一段時間內分期付款。
We need to devise some sort of system whereby people can liaise with each other.
我們需要設計一套辦法,人們能夠藉以互相保持聯絡。
› not standard in which, or with which
在…的情況下;處於…的位置
It's put me in a position whereby I can't afford to take a job.
這使我到了一種連工作也做不了的地步。

15

fairly

more than average, but less than very
相當地;一定地
She's fairly tall.
她個子比較高。
I'm fairly sure that this is the right address.
我相當肯定這個地址沒錯。
We get on fairly well.
我們相處得不錯。
I saw her fairly recently.
我不久前見過她。
› literary used to emphasize figurative expressions which describe what people or objects are doing
(用於強調比喻性表述)簡直
The answer fairly jumps off the page at you!
答案簡直就要從紙上跳到你眼前了!
The dog fairly flew out of the door to greet him.
這隻狗簡直是飛出門外去迎接他。

16

fairly and squarely UK (US squarely)

完全,徹底
She lays the blame for the recession fairly and squarely on the government.
她把經濟衰退完全歸咎於政府。

17

fairly

If you do something fairly, you do it in a way which is right and reasonable and treats people equally
公平地;公正地
He claimed that he hadn't been treated fairly by his employers.
他聲稱受到僱主的不公平對待。
Officials will ensure that the election is carried out fairly.
官員將確保選舉公正進行。

18

low-lying

describes land that is at or near the level of the sea
(土地)低窪的,低的
People living in low-lying areas were evacuated because of the floods.
居住在低窪地區的人們因洪水而被疏散。

19

altitude

height above sea level
海拔,海拔高度
We are currently flying at an altitude of 15 000 metres.
現在我們正在15 000米的高度上飛行。
Mountain climbers use oxygen when they reach higher altitudes.
到了海拔較高的地方,登山者就要使用氧氣。

20

latitude

the position north or south of the equator measured from 0° to 90°
緯度
→ Compare longitude
latitudes [plural]
› an area near to a particular latitude
緯度區域
At these latitudes the sun does not rise at all on winter days.
處於這些緯度的地區冬天根本就見不到太陽。

21

familiarize yourself with sth

to learn about something
瞭解,熟悉
We spent a few minutes familiarizing ourselves with the day's schedule.
我們花了幾分鐘時間熟悉當天的日程表。

22

flyer

傳單q

23

representative

someone who speaks or does something officially for another person or group of people
代表;代理人
The firm has two representatives in every European city.
這間公司在每個歐洲城市設有兩名銷售代表。
› US someone who has been elected to the US House of Representatives
(美國)衆議院議員

24

That's a given!!!

Uttered when someone says something that is obviously true.

The phrase was originally invented by me before rising into popularity.
Random dude 811: Final Fantasy IX is the best game ever.
Me: Thats a given.

Random Dude 499: Sri Lanka is amazing at cricket!
Me: Thats a given.

25

along the lines of

Also, on the lines of. Roughly similar or in keeping with. For example, We told the architect we want a design along the lines of his own house but smaller, or Jane asked the caterer for a menu on the lines of the Morgans' wedding reception. This idiom uses line in the sense of “a direction or procedure,” a usage dating from the early 1600s.

26

urge

a strong wish, especially one which is difficult or impossible to control
(尤指難以或無法控制的)慾望,衝動
The two of them seem unable to control their sexual urges.
他們兩個似乎慾火焚身。
[+ to infinitive] The urge to steal is very strong in many of the young men we look after here.
我們這兒看管的年輕人中有很多人都有很強的偷竊慾望。

27

disposable

describes a product that is intended to be thrown away after use
用完即棄的,一次性的
disposable nappies
紙尿布
a disposable camera
用完即棄相機
daily disposable contact lenses
日用型即棄隱形眼鏡

28

regulate

to control something, especially by making it work in a particular way
(尤指使按照某種方式運作而)控制,管理,調節,調整
You can regulate the temperature in the house by adjusting the thermostat.
你可以透過調節恆溫器來控制室溫。
[+ question word] Her mother strictly regulates how much TV she can watch.
她媽媽嚴格控制她看電視的時間。

29

bust

bust noun (BREASTS) 胸部
bust noun (HEAD) 頭部
bust noun (ARREST) 逮捕
bust verb (BREAK) 打破
bust adjective (BROKEN) 破壞

30

undertake

to do or begin to do something, especially something that will take a long time or be difficult
(開始)做,承擔,從事(尤指耗時或困難之事)
Students are required to undertake simple experiments.
要求學生們做些簡單的實驗。