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Flashcards in 04 Deck (184)
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1

conserve

preserve

2

consent

assent

3

consecutive

constant = continuing = continuous

4

conductive

describes a substance that allows heat or electricity to go through it

5

deduce

to reach an answer or a decision by thinking carefully about the known facts

We cannot deduce very much from these figures.




deducible adjective formal
› able to be deduced

deductive adjective
a deductive argument
deductive logic/reasoning

6

parliamentary

of or relating to a parliament
議會的,國會的
a parliamentary candidate/debate/election/session
議會候選人/辯論/選舉/會議
parliamentary procedures/rules
議會程式/規則

7

senator

a politician who has been elected to a Senate
參議員
Only two senators voted against the bill.

[as form of address] It's a pleasure to meet you, Senator.

senatorial

a senatorial candidate/committee
參議員候選人/委員會

8

congressional

belonging or related to the US Congress
(美國)國會的
a congressional committee
國會委員會
congressional elections

9

congress

parliament

10

confine

to limit an activity, person or problem in some way
把…局限在,限制
Let's confine our discussion to the matter in question, please!
請把討論集中在正題上!
Please confine your use of the telephone to business calls.
請注意電話僅限於辦公用途。
By closing the infected farms we're hoping to confine the disease to the north of the region (= stop it from spreading to other areas).
透過關閉受感染的農場,我們希望把疾病限制在該地區的北部。
› [T usually passive] to keep someone closed in a place, often by force
(常指強制)關押,監禁,禁閉
The hostages had been confined for so long that they couldn't cope with the outside world.

to exist only in a particular area or group of people
僅存在於…;僅限於…
We know that the illness is not confined to any one group in society.
我們知道這種疾病不只局限於社會的某一個群體中。
This attitude seems to be confined to the upper classes.

11

confine

constrain

12

detain

constrain

13

imprison

restrain

14

confine

restrain

15

imprison

detain

16

detain

to force someone officially to stay in a place
使留下;拘留,扣押
A suspect has been detained by the police for further questioning.
一名嫌疑人已被員警拘留接受進一步審訊。
Several of the injured were detained overnight in hospital.
傷者中有幾個人被留院觀察了一晚。
› to delay someone for a short length of time
(短時間地)耽擱,拖延
I'm sorry I'm late - I was unavoidably detained.
對不起我來晚了——沒辦法我被耽擱了一會兒。
detain sb at His/Her Majesty's pleasure UK legal
› to keep someone in prison for as long as the courts feel is necessary

17

confer

grant = bestow = cede e = instruct

18

cede

to give something such as ownership to someone else, especially unwillingly or because forced to do so
(尤指不情願地或被迫)割讓,讓予,放棄
Hong Kong was ceded to Britain after the Opium War.

19

warrant

to make a particular activity necessary
使有必要
Obviously what she did was wrong, but I don't think it warranted quite such severe punishment.
顯然她做得不對,但我認為她不應該受到如此嚴厲的懲罰。
It's a relatively simple task that really doesn't warrant a great deal of time being spent on it.

20

warrant

ensure = guarantee = assure = certify

21

ensure = guarantee = assure = certify

warrant

22

complement

to make something else seem better or more attractive when combining with it
補充;補足;使完善;為…增色
Strawberries and cream complement each other perfectly.
草莓加鮮奶油相得益彰。
The music complements her voice perfectly.

23

accompaniment = augmentation = supplement = replenish

complement

24

collateral

she used/put up her house as collateral for a loan

25

pledge

a serious or formal promise, especially one to give money or to be a friend, or something that you give as a sign that you will keep a promise
誓言;諾言;保證
[+ to infinitive] All the candidates have given/made pledges not to raise taxes if they are elected.
所有的候選人都保證當選後不增稅。
Thousands of people made pledges (= promised to give money) to the Children in Need charity campaign.
數千人承諾捐款給救助兒童慈善運動。
I give you this ring as a pledge of my everlasting love for you.

26

everyday, every day

Be careful when using everyday. As one word it's adjectival; spelled out as two words, every day is adverbial. If you remember to do your everyday chores every day, your grammar-savvy roommates will appreciate you.

27

pretentious

conceited = vain

28

conceited

pretentious = vain

29

pertinent

appropriate = relevant

30

preeminent

distinguished = dominant = main = outstanding = peerless = predominant = renowned = transcendent = ultimate