Flashcards in TPO Deck (65)
account for sth
[C usually singular] something or someone that is very large
She eased her large bulk out of the chair.
› [U] large size or mass
It was a document of surprising bulk.
› in large amounts
The office buys paper in bulk to keep down costs.
the bulk of sth
› most of something
In fact, the bulk of the book is taken up with criticizing other works.
› to buy in large amounts
Because we're such a large family we find it cheaper to bulk buy foods we eat a lot of.
to make something official or decide to arrange it according to a fixed structure
They started as informal gatherings but they have become increasingly formalized in the last few years.
We need to formalize our initial thoughts about the way to proceed.
to come to an opinion about something, or have a belief about something
How do the French perceive the British?
Women's magazines are often perceived to be superficial.
something that happens
Street-fights are an everyday occurrence in this area of the city.
ritual / ritualistic / ritualistically
a set of fixed actions and sometimes words performed regularly, especially as part of a ceremony
Coffee and the newspaper are part of my morning ritual.
The birds were performing a complex mating ritual.
(a usually religious ceremony with) a set of fixed words and actions
You have to go through an initiation rite before you become a full member.
spoken; not written
an oral agreement/exam
This medicine is to be taken orally.
independent and having the power to make your own decisions
an autonomous region/province/republic/council
able to produce the intended result; effective
a liking for, an enjoyment of, or a habit of doing something, especially something that other people might not like
a penchant for melodrama/skiing/exotic clothes
Her penchant for disappearing for days at a time worries her family.
to treat a person like a tool or toy, as if they had no feelings, opinions, or rights of their own:
She denied that the magazine objectified women.
to face, meet or deal with a difficult situation or person
As she left the court, she was confronted by angry crowds who tried to block her way.
It's an issue we'll have to confront at some point, no matter how unpleasant it is.
I thought I would remain calm, but when I was confronted with/by the TV camera, I became very nervous.
by which way or method
They've set up a plan whereby you can spread the cost over a period.
We need to devise some sort of system whereby people can liaise with each other.
› not standard in which, or with which
It's put me in a position whereby I can't afford to take a job.
the amount or number of something, especially that can be measured or is fixed
Police found a large/small quantity of drugs in his possession.
We consumed vast quantities of food and drink that night.
The (sheer) quantity (= large amount) of equipment needed for the trip is staggering.
They are now developing ways to produce the vaccine in large quantities and cheaply.
This recipe is only for four, so I usually do double the quantity if I'm cooking for my family.
It's quality not quantity that really counts.
a part of a machine, or a set of parts that work together
These automatic cameras have a special focusing mechanism.
used to say what you think is the likely situation
They can presumably afford to buy a bigger apartment.
Presumably he just forgot to send the letter.
[C] specialized an introduction to a speech or piece of writing
› [U] talk or activity not connected with the most important matter
a person or thing that is different from what is usual, or not in agreement with something else and therefore not satisfactory
Statistical anomalies can make it difficult to compare economic data from one year to the next.
The anomaly of the social security system is that you sometimes have more money without a job.
[S] when someone or something is in a place
She was overawed by the presence of so many people.
The presence of pollen in the atmosphere causes hay fever in some people.
He's usually quite polite in my presence.
The document was signed in the presence of two witnesses.
› [C usually singular] a feeling that someone is still in a place although they are not there or are dead
His daughter's presence seemed to fill her empty bedroom.
› [S] a group of police or soldiers who are watching or controlling a situation
The United Nations has maintained a presence in the region for some time.
There was a strong police presence at the demonstration.
› [U] approving a quality that makes people notice or admire you, even when you are not speaking
He stood there in the corner of the room, a dark, brooding (= worrying) presence.
an organization of people who do the same job or have the same interests
the Writers' Guild
the Fashion Designers' Guild
related to trade or business
relating to the standards of good or bad behaviour, fairness, honesty, etc. which each person believes in, rather than to laws
It's her moral obligation to tell the police what she knows.
It is not part of a novelist's job to make a moral judgment.
She was the only politician to condemn the proposed law on moral grounds (= for moral reasons).
The Democrats are attempting to capture the moral high ground (= are trying to appear more honest and good than the other political parties).
to make someone less confident, less powerful or less likely to succeed, or to make something weaker, often gradually
The President has accused two cabinet ministers of working secretly to undermine his position/him.
Criticism just undermines their confidence.
in a way which uses words and phrases with a more imaginative meaning than usual
Figuratively speaking, it was a blow right between the eyes (= it was a bad shock).
A populous country, area or place has a lot of people living in it
China is the world's most populous country.
to speak to people in other organizations in order to exchange information with them
Our head office will liaise with the suppliers to ensure delivery.
the relationship between members of the same family, or a feeling of being close or similar to other people or things
Different ethnic groups have different systems of kinship.
He felt a real sense of kinship with his fellow soldiers.
to move around quietly in a place trying not to be seen or heard, such as when hunting
There have been reports of a masked man prowling in the neighbourhood.
At night, adult scorpions prowl the desert for (= trying to catch) insects.
informal Unable to sleep, he prowled (= walked without purpose) (about/around) the hotel corridors.