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Flashcards in 02 Deck (103)
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1

gradient

how steep a slope is

a steep/gentle gradient

2

grand

important and large in degree

She has all kinds of grand ideas.

His job has a grand title, but he's little more than a clerk.

3

hamper

to prevent someone doing something easily


Fierce storms have been hampering rescue efforts and there is now little chance of finding more survivors.

4

haphazard

not having an obvious order or plan


He tackled the problem in a typically haphazard manner.

5

haunt

to cause repeated suffering or anxiety



Fighting in Vietnam was an experience that would haunt him for the rest of his life.

Thirty years after the fire he is still haunted by images of death and destruction.

6

hectic

full of activity; very busy and fast


a hectic schedule

The area has become a haven for people tired of the hectic pace of city life.

7

heed

to pay attention to something, especially advice or a warning
注意,聽從(尤指建議或警告)

The airline has been criticized for failing to heed advice/warnings about lack of safety routines.

8

heredity

the process by which characteristics are given from a parent to their child through the genes

Diet and exercise can influence a person's weight, but heredity is also a factor.

9

heterogeneous

consisting of parts or things that are very different from each other
各種各樣的;混雜的
Switzerland is a heterogeneous confederation of 26 self-governing cantons.

10

homogeneous

consisting of parts or people which are similar to each other or are of the same type
由同類事物(或人)組成的;同類的;相似的

a homogeneous group/society

The population of the village has remained remarkably homogeneous.

11

humility

he quality of not being proud because you are conscious of your bad qualities
謙遜;謙恭

He doesn't have the humility to admit when he's wrong.

They might be very rich, but it wouldn't hurt them to show a little humility.

12

hydrosphere

all of the water, ice and water vapour at or near the surface of the Earth, such as the seas and ice, clouds and the water in and under the ground

13

hypothesize

to give a possible but not yet proved explanation for something
假設,假定
There's no point hypothesizing about how the accident happened, since we'll never really know.

14

icicle

a long pointed stick of ice that is formed when drops of water freeze
冰柱,冰錐
Icicles hung from the roof.

15

ideology

a theory, or set of beliefs or principles, especially one on which a political system, party or organization is based
(尤指作為政治體制、政黨或政治組織基礎的)思想(體系),意識形態

socialist/capitalist ideology

The people are caught between two opposing ideologies.

16

illicit

illegal or disapproved of by society
非法的;違禁的;社會不容許的

illicit drugs such as cocaine and cannabis

the illicit trade in stolen vehicles

an illicit love affair

17

illiteracy

unable to read and write


In the rural areas, illiteracy is widespread.

A surprising percentage of the population are illiterate.

computer illiterate
對電腦所知甚少的
financially/technologically illiterate

18

imbibe

to drink, especially alcohol:


Have you been imbibing again?

19

immense

extremely large in size or degree:

immense wealth/value
They spent an immense amount of time getting the engine into perfect condition.

extremely good:

He's an immense goalkeeper.

20

immobilize

to stop something or someone from moving:

You can immobilize the car by removing the spark plugs.
The broken limb must be immobilized as soon as possible.

21

immunity

a situation in which you are protected against disease or from legal action:

The vaccination gives you immunity against the disease for up to six months.
He was granted immunity from prosecution because he confessed the names of the other spies.

22

impart

to communicate information to someone:

to impart the bad news
I was rather quiet as I didn't feel I had much wisdom to impart on the subject.

› to give something a particular feeling, quality, or taste:

Preservatives can impart colour and flavour to a product.

23

implement

to start using a plan or system:
實施
The changes to the national health system will be implemented next year.


implementation

24

incentive

something which encourages a person to do something
激勵;刺激;鼓勵

Tax incentives have been very effective in encouraging people to save and invest more of their income.

[+ to infinitive] There is little incentive for people to leave their cars at home when public transport remains so expensive.

Bonus payments provide an incentive to work harder.

25

incessant

never stopping, especially in an annoying or unpleasant way
連續不斷的,沒完沒了的


incessant rain/noise/complaints



incessantly adverb

She talked incessantly about the most trivial things.
她沒完沒了地講著雞毛蒜皮的小事。

26

incline

to (make someone) feel something or want to do something
(使)傾向於

The Prime Minister is believed to be inclining towards an April election.

27

indict

If a law court or a grand jury indicts someone, it accuses them officially of a crime
控告,告發;起訴

UK He was indicted on drug charges at Snaresbrook Crown Court.
US Five people were indicted for making and selling counterfeit currency.

28

indigenous

naturally existing in a place or country rather than arriving from another place
當地的;本土的,土生土長的

Are there any species of frog indigenous to the area?
這個地區是否有本地品種的青蛙?
So who are the indigenous people of this land?

29

induce

to persuade someone to do something
誘使;勸說

They induced her to take the job by promising editorial freedom.
他們向她保證有編輯自由,以勸服她接受這項工作。
Nothing could induce me (= I definitely cannot be persuaded) to climb a mountain/ride a bike.

30

inductive

using a particular set of facts or ideas to form a general principle
歸納法的;歸納的

inductive reasoning

The difference is inductive v deductive approaches to the same cognitive goals.
Inductive research tends to draw sneers from the editors of academic journals.