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Flashcards in P Deck (18)
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1

prosperity

the state of being successful and having a lot of money
成功;(尤指經濟上的)繁榮,昌盛
A country's future prosperity depends, to an extent, upon the quality of education of its people.
一個國家未來的繁榮昌盛在一定程度上取決於國民的教育品質。
The war was followed by a long period of peace and prosperity.
戰爭過後是長時間的和平與繁榮。

2

prosperous

successful, usually by earning a lot of money
繁榮的;富裕的
In a prosperous country like this, no one should go hungry.
在這樣一個繁榮的國家裡,不應該有人挨餓。

3

populate

If an area is populated by people or animals, they live in that area
構成…的人口(或動物的總數)
The inner cities are no longer densely populated.
市中心的人口密度已下降。
The river is populated mainly by smaller species of fish.
這條河裡大部分是小型魚類。
› to live in an area or place
居住於,生活於
The settlers began to move inland and populate the river valleys.
移民開始遷往內陸,居住在河谷地帶。
› specialized to automatically add information to a list or table on a computer
(在電腦的清單或表格上)自動增加資料
There are several ways to populate the database.
有幾種方式能為資料庫自動增加資料。

4

posterity

the people who will exist in the future
後裔,子孫,後代
Every attempt is being made to ensure that these works of art are preserved for posterity.
當局正在採取一切措施以確保這些藝術品能流傳後世。

5

postulate

to suggest a theory, idea, etc. as a basic principle from which a further idea is formed or developed
假定,假設
[+ that] It was the Greek astronomer, Ptolemy, who postulated that the Earth was at the centre of the universe.
就是希臘天文學家托勒密假定地球是宇宙的中心。

6

pretentious

trying to appear or sound more important or clever than you are, especially in matters of art and literature
(尤指在文學藝術方面)炫耀的,矯飾的,自以為是的
a pretentious art critic
自以為是的藝術評論家
The novel deals with grand themes, but is never heavy or pretentious.
這部小說探討的是重大主題,但它絕不沉悶也不矯飾。

7

prestige

respect and admiration given to someone or something, usually because of a reputation for high quality, success or social influence
威信,聲望,威望
The company has gained international prestige.
該公司贏得了國際聲譽。
Many people are attracted by the prestige of working for a top company.
在一家一流公司工作令人羡慕,很多人因此被吸引了。

8

primate

a member of the most developed and intelligent group of mammals, including humans, monkeys and apes
靈長類動物

9

prodigious

extremely great in ability, amount or strength
強大的,巨大的
She wrote a truly prodigious number of novels.
她確實寫了大量的小說。
She was a prodigious musician.
她是一位不同凡響的音樂家。
He had a prodigious appetite for both women and drink.
他對女人和酒有著強烈的欲望。

10

prodigy

someone with a very great ability which usually shows itself when that person is a young child
奇才,天才
The 16-year-old tennis prodigy is the youngest player ever to reach the Olympic finals.
這位16歲的網球天才是迄今打進奧運決賽最年輕的選手。
He read in the paper about a mathematical prodigy who was attending university at the age of 12.
他在報紙上看到一則12歲就上大學的數學奇才的報道。

11

pertinent

relating directly to the subject being considered
有關的,直接相關的
a pertinent question/remark
切中要害的問題/評論
Chapter One is pertinent to the post-war period.
第一章講述的是戰後時期。

12

proponent

a person who speaks publicly in support of a particular idea or plan of action
提倡者,宣導者,辯護者
He is one of the leading proponents of capital punishment.
他是死刑的主要支持者之一。

13

preeminent

more important or powerful than all others:
He was the preeminent scientist of his day.

14

proposition

an offer or suggestion, usually in business
(通常指商業上的)提議,建議
He wrote to me last week regarding a business proposition he thought might interest me.
他上周寫信給我,提出一項他認為我會感興趣的提案。
I've put my proposition to the company director for his consideration.
我已將我的提議交給公司主管考慮。
› an idea or opinion
主張;觀點;見解
They were debating the proposition that 'All people are created equal'.
他們正就「人人生而平等」這一命題展開辯論。

15

put sth/sb forward

to state an idea or opinion, or to suggest a plan or person, for other people to consider
提出(想法或計劃);推薦(某人)
The proposals that you have put forward deserve serious consideration.
你提出的建議值得認真考慮。
I wasn't convinced by any of the arguments that he put forward.
他提出的論據沒有一條能讓我信服。
Many suggestions have been put forward, but a decision is unlikely until after next year's general election.
已經提出了許多建議,但要等到明年的大選過後才可能作出決定。
The peace plan put forward last August has been revived for the latest round of negotiations.
去年八月份提出的和平計劃在最近的一輪談判中被再次提出。
She has decided to put her name/put herself forward as a candidate.
她決定申請當候選人。

16

lucrative / lucratively / lucrativeness

(especially of a business, job or activity) producing a lot of money
(尤指生意、職位或活動)賺錢的,盈利的
The merger proved to be very lucrative for both companies.
事實證明,這次兼併使兩間公司都獲利豐厚。

17

premise

to base a theory, argument, etc. on an idea, thought, or belief
假定…為先決條件,作為…的前提
He premised his argument on several incorrect assumptions.
他把自己的論證建立在了幾個錯誤的假設之上。


an idea or theory on which a statement or action is based
(作為先決條件的)假定,前提
[+ that] They had started with the premise that all men are created equal.
他們是從人人生而平等此一前提出發的。
The research project is based on the premise stated earlier.
這項研究計劃是基於早先提出的假設之上的。

18

seminar

an occasion when a teacher or expert and a group of people meet to study and discuss something
專題討論會;研討會
I attended practically every lecture and seminar when I was a student.
我上學的時候,幾乎參加了每一場講座和研討會。
I'm giving a seminar on the latest developments in genetic engineering next week.
下周我將舉行一個有關遺傳工程最新進展的研討會。
a seminar room
會議室