Trace elements to Acid Base Flashcards Preview

Clinical Chemistry 2 > Trace elements to Acid Base > Flashcards

Flashcards in Trace elements to Acid Base Deck (31):
0

for RNA and DNA synth

zinc

1

for diagnosis of wilson's

copper

2

for cholesterol synthesis

Mn

3

for red cell synthesis and part of B12

cobalt

4

for uric acid synthesis

molybdenum

5

for glucose tolerance

chromium

6

for structure of nucleic acid

nickel

7

difference between the unmeasured cation and unmeasured anion

anion gap

8

fomula for anion gap

1.) Na - (Cl + HCO3)

2.) (Na + K) - (Cl + HCO3)

9

elevated gap may indicate

lactic acidosis
uremia
ketoacidosis
hypernatremia

10

decreased gap may indicate

hypoalbuminemia
hypercalcemia

11

rr for the first gap formula

7-16

12

RR for second gap formula

10-20 mmol/L

13

examples of buffer

bicarbonate-carbonic acid buffer system
phosphate buffer
protein buffer
hemoglobin oxyhemoglobin buffer

14

pK of bicarbonate-carbonic acid system

6.1

15

pK of phosphate buffer

7.21

16

which buffer is amphoteric

proteins

17

compensatory action of lungs

hypo/hyperventilation

18

compensatory action of kidneys

excretion or reabsorption of bicarbonate

19

decreased HCO3 leads to ____ pH

decreased

20

increased HCO3 leads to ___ pH

increased

21

rr for pH

7.35-7.45

22

rr for pCO2

34-45

23

rr for HCO3

22-26

24

rr for H2CO3

1.14-1.26

25

formula for total CO2

hco3 + h2co3

26

formula for h2co3

pCO2 x .0307

27

pH of acidosis

<7.34

28

pH of alkalosis

>7.44

29

pH of acidemia

<7.35

30

pH of alkalemia

>7.45