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Fundamentals in Blood Bank > Transfusion Medicine > Flashcards

Flashcards in Transfusion Medicine Deck (25):
1

A multidisciplinary specialty encompassing all aspect of Blood Donation , Blood Component Preparation and Blood Transfusion Therapy

Transfusion Medicine

2

Is the administration of whole blood or component to replace blood loss through trauma , surgery or disease

Blood Transfusion

3

Types of Transfusion

Autologous , Directed , Exchange

4

Color tag used in Directed Transfusion

Yellow Salmon

5

Recruits and collect blood from the donor and manufacturer and distribute blood component

Blood Center

6

Performs pretransfusion compatibility testing , selects and issue blood component and provide medical support

Transfusion services

7

Process of removing normal/abnormal cellular constituent in the circulating blood

Hemapheresis

8

A system whereby blood is aspirated in the operational field and then transfused to the patient

Intraoperative salvage

9

A transfusion type common in HDN

Exchange Transfusion

10

3 Function of Autologous blood transfusion

Prevent Transfusion Transmitted Disease
Prevent Alloimmunization and Graft Versus Host Disease
Erythropoietic stimulation

11

Entire process is based on the assumption that blood donated by family and friends is safer than that regular volunteer donor population

Directed Transfusion

12

Special consideration in Hemapheresis

Vein should be visible

13

What Constitute Fibrin Sealant

Fibrinogen , Human Thrombin , Aprotinin and Calcium Chloride

14

3 Fxn/Uses of Fibrin Sealant

1. Adjunct to hemostasis in cardiopulmonary bypass surgery
2. Sealing anastomoses, treatment of spleen injuries
3.Adjunct to surgical methods of Hemostasis

15

Centrifugation Speed and temperature for PRBC/Platelet conc

5000 RCF for 5 mins at room temp ( 20-24 *C)

16

Centrifugation Speed for Cryoprecipitate cell free plasma
( Heavy Spin)

5000 RCF for 7 mins

17

Centrifugation Speed for Platelet Rich Plasma ( Light Spin)

2000 RCF for 3 mins

18

Effective mechanism for collecting specific blood components while returning the remaining WB components back to the patient

Apheresis Donation

19

Patients who are rapidly or uncontrollably bleeding may require _______

Emergency Transfusion / Immediate Transfusion

20

Irradicated blood components to avoid TA GVHD

Transfusion in Oncology

21

True or False. Group O positive is Transfused if the patient is a female of child bearing age

False Group O negative is transfused

22

True or False . A Rh ( -) male can be switched to Rh + if a Few Rh - units are available/ if massive transfusion is required

True

23

1 unit can be transfused in ____ degrees

2 degrees

24

Slow infusion can be transfused in ___ degrees

4 degrees

25

An irreversible event that carries potential benefits and risks to the patient

Transfusion