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Flashcards in Transmigration Deck (18):
1

What is the population?

4th largest - 250 million

2

What incentives did the government use?

Free: Transport Housing Landand Fertiliser and food (12 months)

3

What impact has it had on forests?

49 million hectares of forest cleared in last 30yrs for login and agriculture

4

What did the transmigration policy want to do?

Resettle people from the core to the periphery in new farming areas set up by the government.

5

What were the environmental problems?

Many islands had infertile soil - 10% of settlements failed Some sites affected by volcanic activity and floods Damage to rainforests

6

What were the socio-economic problems?

Conflict between traditional and new farmers who were given money and land Productivity was low - needed help after 12 months Native tribes lost land and forced to other areas

7

What did the policy do to the population?

Millions moved but population still not evenly distributed

8

What did the policy do for those who moved?

Not all escaped poverty. Didn't have skills to farm or land was too poor for farming.

9

How many islands make up Indonesia?

17,000

10

4th largest - 250 million

What is the population?

11

Free: Transport Housing Landand Fertiliser and food (12 months)

What incentives did the government use?

12

49 million hectares of forest cleared in last 30yrs for login and agriculture

What impact has it had on forests?

13

Resettle people from the core to the periphery in new farming areas set up by the government.

What did the transmigration policy want to do?

14

Many islands had infertile soil - 10% of settlements failed Some sites affected by volcanic activity and floods Damage to rainforests

What were the environmental problems?

15

Conflict between traditional and new farmers who were given money and land Productivity was low - needed help after 12 months Native tribes lost land and forced to other areas

What were the socio-economic problems?

16

Millions moved but population still not evenly distributed

What did the policy do to the population?

17

Not all escaped poverty. Didn't have skills to farm or land was too poor for farming.

What did the policy do for those who moved?

18

17,000

How many islands make up Indonesia?