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Flashcards in Treatment of Abnormal Behavior Deck (90)
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1

What is a psychiatrist?

a medical doctor (M.D.) who can prescribe medicine and perform surgery

2
Name the type of mental health practitioner described:

These individuals have their Ph.D. or Psy.D. and treat patients using a variety of therapeutic approaches.

clinical psychologists

3

Counseling psychologists have earned a Ph.D., Ed.D., Psy.D., or M.A. and deal with what types of issues?

Counseling psychologists deal with less severe mental health problems, including marital therapy.

4

What type of mental health practitioners follow the teaching of Sigmund Freud?

psychoanalysts

5

What type of degree do social workers typically hold?

Social workers must earn their Master's degree in social work (M.S.W.).

6

What current approach is most similar to the beliefs of ancient Greeks, such as Hippocrates and Galen?

biological

2000 years ago, Greek physicians believed psychological problems had physical causes.

7
Define:

deinstitutionalization

a 1950s movement which relocated nonthreatening patients from mental hospitals to community centers

8

What was the main consequence of deinstitutionalization?

Deinstitutionalization created an increase in the homeless population.

9

The process of __________ synthesizes the results of several research studies about the same variables.

meta-analysis

10
Define:

psychotherapy

therapy that treats the mind, not the body

11

__________ therapies help clients become self-aware of their problems in order to change behavior.

Insight

12

List the five types of insight therapy.

  1. psychoanalysis
  2. psychodynamic therapy
  3. interpersonal psychotherapy
  4. humanistic client-centered therapy
  5. Gestalt therapy

13

According to the psychoanalytic approach, where does abnormal behavior come from?

unconscious internal conflict and early childhood trauma

14

What is the goal of psychoanalysis?

to give the patient insight by bringing their conflicts into the conscious mind

15

Describe traits of traditional psychoanalysis.

  • several meetings a week for years
  • therapist is not visible to client
  • free association
  • dream interpretation

16

Asking the patient to say whatever comes to mind without censoring is asking the patient to engage in a psychoanalytic technique called __________.

free association

17

Define manifest content as it relates to psychoanalysis.

surface information recalled about a dream

18

Define latent content as it relates to psychoanalysis.

hidden, underlying meaning of content in dreams

19

In psychoanalytic dream interpretation, the surface information is called the __________ content, while the hidden, underlying meaning is termed the __________ content.

manifest; latent

20

Define resistance as it relates to psychoanalysis.

Resistance is the blocking of feelings or experiences that provoke anxiety.

21

Projecting emotional feelings onto the psychoanalyst is known as __________.

transference

22

Define countertransference as it relates to psychoanalysis.

psychoanalyst projects emotional feelings onto the patient

23

Define catharsis as it relates to psychoanalysis.

the release of emotional tension and anxiety after reliving an emotionally charged experience

24

How does psychodynamic therapy compare with psychoanalysis?

Psychodynamic therapy:

  • is shorter in duration
  • occurs less frequently
  • invovles the client facing the therapist
  • does not stress the importance of childhood trauma

25

What type of therapy aims to relieve present symptoms by focusing on the patient's current situation?

interpersonal psychotherapy

26

According to the humanistic approach, where does abnormal behavior come from?

external factors have affected the patient's ability to grow emotionally

27

What is the goal of humanistic therapy?

to reduce the difference between the ideal self and the real self

28

Define self-actualization as it relates to humanistic therapy.

the process of fulfilling one's individual potential

29

Explain how humanistic therapy is non-directive.

Humanistic therapy is client-centered. Non-directive therapy encourages the client to control the therapeutic route.

30

Define active listening as it relates to humanistic therapy.

Active listening involves echoing, restating, and clarifying what the client says and does.