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Flashcards in Tuberculosis Deck (7)
1

What is meant by drug-sensitive TB?

Responds to antibiotic therapy (RIPE)

2

What is meant by MDR (multi-drug resistant) TB?

Resistant to rifampicin and isoniazid

3

What is meant by XDR (extremely drug resistant) TB?

resistant to rifampicin, isoniazid, injectable antibiotics (amikacin, kanamycin and carpreomycin) and resistant to any fluroquinolone

4

What is the most common cause of tuberculosis?

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

5

Aside from mycobacterium tuberculosis, what other bacteria can lead to tuberculosis?

M. bovis, M. africanum, M. microti and M. canetti

6

What kind of mycobacterium doesn't lead to TB?

Mycobacterium avium

7

What drugs are used in the treatment of drug-sensitive TB (RIPE)?

Rifampimicin
Isoniazid
Pyrazinamide
Ethambutol