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1

definition of 'efficacious and specific' treatment?

two or more research groups have found that this treatment works better than another treatment or a nonspecific control

2

definition of 'efficacious' treatment?

at least two research groups have found this treatment to be more efficacious than its absence

3

definition of 'possibly efficacious' treatment?

supported by evidence from one research group, awaiting replication

4

Treatment of choice for someone with OCD and why?

ERP: if individual is prevented from carrying out their ritual, their anxiety will naturally abate through the process of habituation, decreasing association between intrusive thought and compulsion.

Possible cognitive aspects: participants' expectations are altered in ERP, corrective info is incorporated in activated fear structures

5

What are the 5 main symptom dimensions of OCD according to DSM-IV?

1. contamination obsessions with cleaning/washing rituals
2. doubts about harm with checking/reassurance seeking rituals
3. obsessions relating to a need for exactness, symmetry, completeness ass. with arranging, repeating or ordering rituals
4. unacceptable thoughts of a violent, sexual or religious nature with covert mental rituals
5. hoarding

6

Are any of OCD's symptom dimensions less responsive to treatment?

Hoarding