Types of Religious Organisations Flashcards Preview

AQA Sociology Beliefs in Society > Types of Religious Organisations > Flashcards

Flashcards in Types of Religious Organisations Deck (18)
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What is a Church and who created definition

Very organised. Most Popular

Definition by: Troeltsch


What is a cult and who created definition

Loosely Organised.

Definition by: Niebuhr


What is a Sect and who created definition

Loosely Organised. Often mixed up and called a cult on media.

Definition by: Troeltsch


What requires lots of commitments from members.



What requires little/no commitment from members

Churches, Cults


What is confused by media as being a cult

A sect


What is a Denomination and who created definition

Definition by: Niebuhr


How are churches and sects similar in way they see themselves

Claim interpretation of faith is the only correct one.


How are denominations and cults similar in the way they see themselves?

Accepts that there are many different interpretations of faith.


Which groups deviate from wider society

Cults and Sects


Bruce - definitions of organisations vs postmodern world

In the postmodern world, those definitions are outdated due to the rise of secularisation, loss of religious followers. There is also an increase in insecurity of conservative knowledge ie questions both science and church cant answer causing people to turn to different organisations for answers ie sects or cults. No longer appropriate to label cults and sects as deviant.


Explain Wallis's 3 categories of New Religious Movements

world-rejecting - Counter-culture. Reject the outer world, communal living, requires high commitment from members (some even cut off contact with family members), seek radical change. Typically sects
world-accommodating - Neither accept or reject mainstream world, seek to restore spirtual purity of it's members ie neo-pentacostalists.
world-affirming: Promise members sucess in mainstream world. Enable followers to unlock spiritual power they can use to succeed in mainstream world. Optimistic. Followers often customers rather than members. Typically cults.


Stark and Bainbridge view of Cults

Audience- poorly organised with no commitment required. No interaction between members ie those who are interested in astrology
Client Cult - Relationship between consultant and client, people pay for services over a temporary period of time. Does not require that much commitment ie shrinks that contact the dead
Cult Movements- most organised requiring most commitment. Offer full spiritual salvation and solutions to all problems in the world, meet all of the followers religious needs. Not allowed to be part of another religious organisation, IE Scientology.


What is marginalisation

The segregation of people from wider society. The subjective feeling of not feeling their economic rewards or social status.


What is theodicy of disprivilege.

Theory by Weber explaining the religious explanation and justification for people's suffering as a way to encourage people to join sects.


Why do white MC people join sects

Wallis argues MC join sects to gain a sense of community because they feel relatively deprived, usually spiritually deprived because of materialistic, consumeristic world. Sense of a lack of emotional support


What is relative deprivation

Those who may be quite privileged or poor feel deprived in some way compared with others.


How does Social Change contribute to Growth of NRM

Wilson argues rapid change = instability in jobs = disruption to norms and values. NRMs offer salvations, a sense of community and clear norms and values

Rise in methodist Church during post-industrialisation = loss of many factory jobs = moral panic = rise in the number of church members