7) UK In The 21st Century Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 7) UK In The 21st Century Deck (83):
1

Population trends in the U.K. since 2001

More elderly
More people
Slight decline in birth rate
Less children

2

Overall increase in U.K. Population since 2001

4 million

3

Increase in people born outside U.K. Since 2001

2.9 million

4

Number of people over 65 living in U.K.

10.4 million

5

Where is the uk on the DTM?

Stage 4

6

Causes of an ageing population (7)

Decreases death rate
Longer life expectancy
Have children later in life
Improves sanitation
Better diets
Medical advances
Baby boom after WW2

7

Negative consequences of an ageing population (5)

Strain on NHS
More pensions
More care homes
More taxes
Higher dependency ratio

8

Positive consequences of an ageing population (4)

Childcare
Grey pound
Voluntary work
More experienced people

9

Spatial distribution of ageing population

Mainly on the coast (East Devon)
This means more young families are living from it
More elderly centres shops
Enjoy view and slower pace of life

10

Responses to an ageing population (6)

More houses built
More taxes
Care homes
Encourages birth
Raising retirement age
Pensioner bonds to save money for future

11

How has population and ethnic diversity of Bristol changed?

Over double number of black and ethnic minorities
Less older people over 65
Lots more mixed/multiple ethnic groups
More young families

12

Where is there the highest and lowest population densities?

Highest in cities like London
Lowest in Scotland

13

Most and least rainfall in UK

Most in Scotland, least in south east England

14

Highest and lowest points in UK

Highest points along the west side of the country and in Scotland
Lowest along the east, in cities like London

15

Where is the most water stress in the UK?

South east England

16

Where is there the biggest housing shortages?

In the cities along the south east

17

Land use in the UK

Scotland: mainly moorland
Ireland: farmland and moorland
Wales: moorland, farmland, woodland
England: greenbelts, lots of urban areas

18

Pattern of core uk economic hubs

The UK's economy is getting stronger, exiting recession, spending cuts to reduce debt, decreased unemployment

19

Changes in employment sectors:

Primary: decreasing (cheaper foreign labour)
Secondary: decreasing (recession)
Tertiary: increasing (higher standard of life)

20

Changing working hours

More people working from home or on different contracts, such as the zero hour contract

21

Contribution of ethnic groups to food in the UK

Wider variety of foods
Balti triangle
Decreased popularity of typical foods like fish and chips

22

UK's involvement with the Ukraine

Part of NATO
Places penalties on Russia
1000 soldiers

23

what is the biggest user of water?

industries`

24

what is being done to try and counteract water stress (3)

transfer water from northwest to south east
construct new reservoirs in south east
encourage water conservation

25

why do we need more housing in the UK? (3)

immigration
increasing population
people living longer

26

where are the worst areas for housing shortages

major cities like London

27

what is the purposes of green belts?

to protect the land surrounding big cities to stop them being swallowed by the growth of the city

28

why are greenbelts under threat?

there is no other space to build houses and the demand is high

29

what is happening to the population of the UK? (4)
(marriage, age, consists of, size)

growing
ageing
increase in immigrants
marriage rates declining

30

what is natural change?

the birth rate - the death rate

31

what is net migration?

difference between immigrants and emigrants

32

what does the DTM show?

the number of people of each gender in each age category

33

where is the UK on the DTM and why?

Stage 4 - birth rate starting to decline
low death rate
lots of elderly

34

how to calulate the dependency ratio?

(children (0-14) and elderly (65+) / those at working age) x 100

35

name a place in Britain with a high elderly population

East Devon

36

how many people over 65 live in the UK?

10 million

37

what percentage of the UK population is over 65?

16%

38

what's happening to primary sector jobs in the UK?

decreasing

39

what's happening to secondary sector jobs in UK?

decreasing

40

whats happening to tertiary sector jobs in UK?

massively increasing

41

in 2001, what percentage of Bristol was ethnic minorities

12%

42

what happened to the ethnicity of Bristol's population between 2001 and 2012?

all ethnic groups apart from white British increased

43

what is part-time work?

allows workers to fit in family time, study or do other job

44

what is flexi-time work?

allows workers to choose when they start and finish within certain limits

45

what is job-sharing?

two people have the same job, which allows workers to share load of full-time job

46

what is sub-contract?

an outside group or individual can be brought in to do the job

47

what is zero-hours contract?

an arrangement for people to be available for work, but without fixed hours and without pay when there is no work

48

what is tele/home working?

allows workers to spend time away from workplace, working via computer or telephone

49

what is happening to the levels of self-employment?

increasing

50

what happened to the UK economy in 2008 and why?

economy collapses - global recession
massive unemployment

51

what happened to economy in 2009 and why?

the recession ended, economy started to recover

52

what happened to economy in 2010 and why?

debt reduced
coalition of conservatives and liberal democrats cut spending and reduced huge debt

53

role of UN

aims to maintain international peace and security, promote human rights and provide aid after disasters

54

role of NATO

the members of this organisation should defend each other if any one of them is attacked

55

what does NATO stand for

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation

56

role of EU

an agreement to allow free movement of people, goods, services and money between members

57

population of Ukraine

45 million

58

which area near Ukraine has close links with Russia?

Crimean peninsula

59

who does East Ukraine have close links with?

Russia

60

who does west Ukraine have close links with?

Europe

61

Through which organisations has the UK been involved?

EU and NATO

62

capital of Ukraine

Kiev

63

why is it difficult to travel between Crimea and Ukraine?

no bus or train links

64

catalyst for Russian-backed forces invading Crimea?

Ukraine's protrusion president being shot

65

what happened in Ukraine in 1991

the Soviet Union broke up

66

number of people killed in Ukraine conflict

5,000

67

peninsula of land stretching from Ukraine?

Crimea

68

What language does Crimea speak?

russian

69

number of soldiers supplied by UK

1,000

70

why do credit cards no longer work in Crimea?

companies have withdrawn, meaning no-one can use credit or debit cards

71

Who's side do we support?

Europe

72

what are the main conflict zones in Ukraine?

east and west

73

three sanctions imposed on Russia by EU

banking, energy and defence

74

two countries that Ukraine is between

Russia and Poland

75

conflict in Ukraine is between

Ukrainian government and pro-russians

76

why is there poor mobile phone signal in Crimea

power blackouts

77

cities involved in the conflict in eastern ukraine

Donetsk and kharkiv

78

lack of what essential

food

79

what year did the conflict start

April 2014

80

why is there conflict in Ukraine

Ukraine was formed when the soviet union split
the east side supports russia
the west supports Europe
in 2014 the protrusion president was killed
russian-backed forces took control of Crimea because so many supporters live there
russia is supporting the east fighting the west

81

how have other cultures influenced the UK?

through food

82

how have other cultures influenced food in the UK?

people are choosing foreign foods like indian curries over the traditional british foods like fish and chips
places selling this type of food are much more common

83

favourite takeaway food in the uk

chicken tikka masala