Unit 1 Flashcards Preview

Biology > Unit 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 1 Deck (19):
1

name two instruments used to measure liquid volume

1) graduated cylinder
2) graduated pipette

2

people who studied the physical universe were called

Natural Philosophers

3

the use of observation, logic, and experiment to figure out the rules by which the universe operates

Modern Science

4

what is the purpose or goal of all science

to understand the laws of the physical universe

5

the application of the modern scientific method to solve specific problems

technology

6

hypothesis that could be refuted/rejected by data gained in a study or by controlled experiment

falsifiable

7

belief that living "living organisms" arose spontaneously from non-living matter in the earths ancient oceans approximately 3.4 billion years ago

chemical evolution

8

What are seven characteristics shared by all living organisms on Earth

1) composed of cells
2) contain 4 biochemicals
3) specific needs that need to be met
4) grow and develop
5) reproduction
6) they are unique
7) adaptation

9

what are the four characteristics of modern science

1) definable and measurable
2) in physical universe
3) has to follow the rules of the physical universe
4) follows scientific method

10

variables that are being measured

dependent variables

11

variables that are changing

independent variables

12

variables that are held constant

controlled variables

13

what graph would you use to show change over time

line graph

14

what goes on the X axis

independent variable

15

what goes on the y axis

dependent variable

16

the amount of space an object occupies

volume

17

natural philosophers didnt do what part of modern science

experimentation

18

why cant astrology be studied under modern science

its not falsifiable

19

evidence of the asteroid that made the dinosaurs go extinct

1) KT boundary
2) crater located
3) sphericals
4) shocked quartz