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Flashcards in Unit 10 Deck (22):
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Free association

In psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in which the Person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial or embarrassing

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Psychoanalysis

Freuds theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts; the techniques used in treating psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret unconscious tensions

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Unconscious

According to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories. According to contemporary psychologists, information processing of which we are unaware

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Id

Reservoir of unconscious psychic energy, that, according to Freud, strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives. The Id operates on the pleasure principle, demanding immediate gratification

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Ego

The largely conscious, "executive" part of personality that, according to Freud, mediates among the demands of the Id, superego, and reality. The ego operates on the reality principle; satisfying the Id's desires in ways that will realistically bring pleasure rather than pain

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Superego

The part of personality that, according to Freud, represents internalized ideals and provides standards for judgement (the conscience) and for future aspirations

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Psychosexual stages

The childhood stages of development ( oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital) during which, according to Freud, the Id's pleasure-seeking energies focus on distinct erogenous zones

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Oedipus complex

According to Freud, a boys sexual desires toward his mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival father

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Identification

The process by which, according to Freud, children incorporate their parents' values into their developing superegos

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Fixation

According to Freud, lingering focus of pleasure- seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage in which conflicts were unresolved

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Defense mechanisms

In psychoanalytic theory, the egos protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality

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Repression

In psychoanalytic theory, the basic defense mechanism that banishes anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from consciousness

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Regression

Psychoanalytic defense mechanism in which an individual faced with anxiety retreats to a more infantile psychosexual stage, where some psychic energy remains fixated

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Reaction formation

Psychoanalytic defense mechanism by which the ego unconsciously switches unacceptable impulses into their opposites.

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Projection

Psychoanalytic defense mechanism by which people disguise their own threatening impulses by attributing them to others

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Rationalization

Psychoanalytic defense mechanism that offers self justifying explanations in place of the real, more threatening, unconscious reasons for ones actions

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Displacement

Psychoanalytic defense mechanism that shifts sexual or aggressive impulses toward a more acceptable or less threatening object or person, as when redirecting anger toward a safer outlet

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Sublimation

Psychoanalytic defense mechanism by which people re-channel their unacceptable impulses into socially approved activities

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Denial

Psychoanalytic defense mechanism by which people refuse to believe or even to perceive painful realities

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Collective unconscious

Carl Jungs concept of a shared, inherited reservoir of memory traces from our species' history

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Projective test

A personality test, such as the Rorschach or TAT, that provides ambiguous stimuli designed to trigger projection of ones inner dynamics

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Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)

A projective test in which people express their inner feelings and interests through the stories they make about ambiguous scenes