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Flashcards in Unit 3 Deck (17):
0

Empirical study

Actually experimenting/manipulating variables

1

Conceptual variable

Abstract Ideas that compose a research hypothesis

2

Measured variable

Numbers to represent conceptual variable

3

Operational definition

Relating measured variable to its concept

4

Deception

Participants aren't fully aware of the project

5

Empirical

Objective scientific study; free from personal bias or emotions of the scientist

6

5 steps of Research

Research Question, Empirical study, data analysis, conclusions, research literature and REPEAT

7

Descriptive research

Goal: snapshot of current affairs
Adv: complete pic of current affairs
Disadv: no assessment of variables

8

Correlational Research

Goal: assess relationship btwn and among 2+ variables
Adv: tests and assesses relationships
Disadv: no conclusions about causality

9

Experimental Research

Goal: assess causality
Adv: allows conclusions about causality
Disadv: can't experimentally manipulate variables

10

3 types of descriptive research

Case study: descriptive study of a few cases
Survey aka questionnaire
Naturalistic observation: just observing

11

Common causal variable

Confounding variable; aka variable not considered during the experiment/study

12

Spurious relationship

When the common causal variable explains the relationship in question

13

Causal inference

Drawing a conclusion about what causes an effect

14

Experimental research

Guarantees that independent variable influences the dependent variable

15

Internal validity

Threatened when dpdt variable is influenced by a confounding variable

16

External validity

Results are only true for that group and not in general