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Flashcards in Unit 3 Deck (18)
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1

Australopithecus sediba

1.977 MYA
A new species of Homo-like Australopith from South Africa
Discovered 2008-2010
FAMOUS ANCESTOR: may be species that puts more form to Australopithecus-Homo transition

2

Homo Naledi

NEW FIND - Announced in September 2015
Body mass and stature similar to small-bodied human
Ritual burial

3

Pleistocene Epoch

2 MYA - 10 KYA

4

Omo Tool Tradition

Core and flake technology 2.6 MYA
Found at Omo, Hadar, and Turkana

5

Oldowan Pebble Tools

2.0-1.5 MYA
First to be discovered

6

Acheulean Tools

1.9 MYA

7

Homo habilis

2.5-1.4 MYA
Olduvai Gorge by Louis and Mary Leakey
Smaller face
510-800 cc cranium

8

Homo rudolfensis

2.0-1.5 MYA
Lake Turkana in 1972
700 cc cranium
Larger face and teeth than H. habilis

9

Homo erectus

1.89 MYA - 70 KYA
Discovered in 1891 in Indonesia
Acheulean Stone Tools
900 cc cranium
First to leave Africa
Hunting&gathering
Fire

10

Homo floresiensis

18 KYA
Discovered in 2004 Flores Island in Indonesia
3 ft tall
380 cc cranium
Genetic Isolation

11

Brocha's Area

Motor skills of speech

12

Wernick's Area

Ability to process sounds

13

Archaic Homo sapiens

Mixture of H. erectus and H. sapiens features
1,000 1,400 cc cranium
Stone Tools
Wood spears associated with hunting

14

Mousterian Technologies

Large core tools, hand axes & scrapers
Levaloisian method

15

Denisovans

Split from human line ~ 600 KYA
1 pinky and 2 molars found, dated to 30 & 50 KYA
Discovered in 2008
DNA unlike any other

16

Neanderthals

400-24 KYA
Discovered in Neanderthal Valley, Germany 1856
1,450 cc cranium
Short and stocky - very muscular
Most skeletons show evidence of traumatic injury
Cave Dwellers
Ritual burials

17

Anatomically Modern Humans

1,350 CC Cranium
Oldest fossils 160,000 BP
Out of Africa 2
Evolved in Africa - 200,000 BP

18

Eve Hypothesis

All AMH's traced back 200,000 BP to group in Africa