Unit 3 Body Directions & Planes Flashcards Preview

2020-2021 Medical Terminology > Unit 3 Body Directions & Planes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 3 Body Directions & Planes Deck (28)
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1

ventral

front (or belly side) of the body or organ

2

dorsal

back of the body or organ

3

anterior

front

4

posterior

back

5

superior

above

6

inferior

below

7

cephalic

toward the head

8

caudal

toward the lower part of the body

9

proximal

nearest to the midline or beginning of a structure

10

distal

farthest from the midline or beginning of a structure

11

medial

toward or near the midline

12

lateral

away from the midline

13

dorsal cavity

contains the cranial cavity and spinal cavity

14

ventral cavity

contains the thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic cavity

15

cranial cavity

contains the skull

16

spinal cavity

contains the spine

17

thoracic cavity

chest cavity

18

abdominal cavity

abdomen

19

pelvic cavity

formed by the pelvic bones

20

quadrants of the abdomen

right upper, right lower, left upper, left lower

21

regions of the abdomen

right hypochondriac, epigastric, left hypogastric, right lumbar, umbilical, left lumbar, right iliac, hypogastric, left iliac regions

22

transverse plane

horizontal plane, cuts the body into top and bottom halves

23

midsagittal plane

cuts body into equal left and right sides

24

sagittal

cuts body into UNequal left and right sides

25

coronal/frontal plane

cuts body into front and back sides

26

anatomy

study of the structures of the body

27

physiology

study of the functions of the structures of the body

28

anatomical position

standing up, facing forward, arms at sides and palms forward