Unit 6 - Cardiovascular System Key Terms Flashcards Preview

2020-2021 Medical Terminology > Unit 6 - Cardiovascular System Key Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 6 - Cardiovascular System Key Terms Deck (21)
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1

myocardium

heart muscle; thicker on the left side

2

endocardium

lining of the heart chambers

3

atria

two upper chambers of the heart; responsible for receiving blood

4

ventricles

two lower chambers of the heart; responsible for pumping blood away from the heart

5

superior and inferior vena cava

largest veins in the body

6

aorta

largest artery in the body

7

tricuspid valve

between the right atrium and right ventricle

8

bicuspid valve

between the left atrium and left ventrcle

9

EKG

electrocardiogram; tracing of the electrical activity of the heart

10

arteries

carry blood away from the heart; thicker, to withstand pressure during systole

11

veins

carry blood toward the heart; layers are much thinner than arteries

12

pulse site - temporal

side of the forehead

13

pulse site - carotid

at the neck

14

pulse site - brachial

the crease of the elbow

15

pulse site - radial

on the thumb side of the inner wrist

16

pulse site - femoral

on the medial side of the upper thigh

17

systole

contraction of the heart

18

diastole

relaxation of the heart

19

normal blood pressure

systolic: 100-140
diastolic: 60-90

20

hypotension

systolic < 90

21

hypertension

systolic > 150 or diastolic >90