Unit 4 - Skeletal System Key Terms Flashcards Preview

2020-2021 Medical Terminology > Unit 4 - Skeletal System Key Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 4 - Skeletal System Key Terms Deck (11)
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1

periosteum

the tough, fibrous tissue that forms the outermost covering of bone

2

compact bone

the dense, hard, and very strong bone that forms the protective outer layer of bones.

3

spongy bone

is lighter and not as strong as compact bone. This type of bone is commonly found in the ends and inner portions of long bones such as the femur. Red bone marrow is located within this spongy bone.

4

medullary cavity

central cavity located in the shaft of long bones where it is surrounded by compact bone. It is here that red and yellow bone marrow are stored.

5

endosteum

is the tissue that lines the medullary cavity

6

red bone marrow

which is located within the spongy bone, is a hemopoietic tissue that manufactures red blood cells, hemoglobin, white blood cells, and thrombocytes.

7

Hemopoietic

pertaining to the formation of blood cells

8

yellow bone marrow

functions as a fat storage area

9

cartilage

smooth, rubbery, blue-white connective tissue that acts as a shock absorber between bones

10

articular cartilage

covers the surfaces of bones where they come together to form joints. This cartilage makes smooth joint movement possible and protects the bones from rubbing against each other

11

meniscus

curved fibrous cartilage found in some joints