Unit 5 Flashcards Preview

Ecclesiastical Latin Vocab > Unit 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 5 Deck (77):
1

ambulō / ambulāre / ambulāvī / ambulātus

walk / take a walk; 'live'

2

cantō / cantāre / cantāvī / cantātus

sing / chant

3

dō / dāre / dedī / datus

give

4

dōnō / dōnāre / dōnāvī / dōnātus

give / grant; forgive

5

laudō / laudāre / laudāvī / laudātus

praise

6

collaudō / collaudāre / collaudāvī / collaudātus

praise exceedingly / praise together

7

līberō / līberāre / līberāvī / līberātus

free

8

operō / operāre / operāvī / operātus

work

9

ōrō / ōrāre / ōrāvī / ōrātus

pray

10

adōrō / adōrāre / adōrāvī / adōrātus

worship / adore

11

exōrō / exōrāre / exōrāvī / exōrātus

beseech

12

rēgnō / rēgnāre / rēgnāvī / rēgnātus

rule / reign

13

sacrō / sacrāre / sacrāvī / sacrātus

make holy / consecrate

14

cōnsecrō / cōnsecrāre / cōnsecrāvī / cōnsecrātus

make holy / consecrate

15

servō / servāre / servāvī / servātus

keep / preserve

16

cōnservō / cōnservāre / cōnservāvī / cōnservātus

keep / preserve

17

observō / observāre / observāvī / observātus

watch / observe

18

vocō / vocāre / vocāvī / vocātus

call / invite

19

ēvocō / ēvocāre / ēvocāvī / ēvocātus

call forth

20

invocō / invocāre / invocāvī / invocātus

call upon / invoke

21

stēlla / stēllae / f.

star

22

via / viae / f.

way / road / street

23

famulus / famulī / m.

servant

24

documentum / documentī / n.

example

25

prīncipium / prīncipiī / n.

beginning

26

benedictus / -a / -um

blessed / blesst

27

dīvīnus / -a / -um

divine

28

jūstus / -a / -um

righteous / just

29

sānctus / -a / -um

hallowed / holy; (subst.) saint

30

enim

(postpos. coord. conj.) for; indeed

31

meritō

(adv.) rightly / deservedly

32

numquam

(adv.) never

33

nunc

(adv.) now

34

quoque

(intensifying adv.) too / also

35

semper

(adv.) always

36

walk / take a walk; 'live'

ambulō / ambulāre / ambulāvī / ambulātus

37

sing / chant

cantō / cantāre / cantāvī / cantātus

38

give

dō / dāre / dedī / datus

39

give / grant; forgive

dōnō / dōnāre / dōnāvī / dōnātus

40

praise

laudō / laudāre / laudāvī / laudātus

41

praise exceedingly / praise together

collaudō / collaudāre / collaudāvī / collaudātus

42

free

līberō / līberāre / līberāvī / līberātus

43

work

operō / operāre / operāvī / operātus

44

pray

ōrō / ōrāre / ōrāvī / ōrātus

45

worship / adore

adōrō / adōrāre / adōrāvī / adōrātus

46

beseech

exōrō / exōrāre / exōrāvī / exōrātus

47

rule / reign

rēgnō / rēgnāre / rēgnāvī / rēgnātus

48

make holy / consecrate

sacrō / sacrāre / sacrāvī / sacrātus

49

make holy / consecrate

cōnsecrō / cōnsecrāre / cōnsecrāvī / cōnsecrātus

50

keep / preserve

servō / servāre / servāvī / servātus

51

keep / preserve

cōnservō / cōnservāre / cōnservāvī / cōnservātus

52

watch / observe

observō / observāre / observāvī / observātus

53

call / invite

vocō / vocāre / vocāvī / vocātus

54

call forth

ēvocō / ēvocāre / ēvocāvī / ēvocātus

55

call upon / invoke

invocō / invocāre / invocāvī / invocātus

56

star

stēlla / stēllae / f.

57

way / road / street

via / viae / f.

58

servant

famulus / famulī / m.

59

example

documentum / documentī / n.

60

beginning

prīncipium / prīncipiī / n.

61

blessed / blesst

benedictus / -a / -um

62

divine

dīvīnus / -a / -um

63

righteous / just

jūstus / -a / -um

64

hallowed / holy; (subst.) saint

sānctus / -a / -um

65

(postpos. coord. conj.) for; indeed

enim

66

(adv.) rightly / deservedly

meritō

67

(adv.) never

numquam

68

(adv.) now

nunc

69

(intensifying adv.) too / also

quoque

70

(adv.) always

semper

71

Verb Time and Aspect

A image thumb
72

Principle Parts

 

videō = first-person singular, present indicative active 'I seek; I am seeing'

vidēre = present infinitive active 'to see'

vīdī = first-person singular, perfect indicative active 'I saw; I have seen'

vīsus = perfect passive participle 'having been seen'

73

The Four Conjugations

 

first conjugation: -ā- (laudāre)

second conjugation: -ē- (monēre)

third conjugation: -e- (dūcere)

fourth conjugation: -ī- (audīre)

74

Present Indicative Active: First Conjugation

 

first-person singular: laudā- + -ō = laudō

second-person singular: laudā- + -s = laudās

third-person singular: laudā- + -t = laudāt

first-person plural: laudā- + -mus = laudāmus

second-person plural: laudā- + -tis = laudātis

third-person plural: laudā- + -nt = laudānt

75

Accusative as Direct Object

The accusative case may be used to express the direct object of a verb

Populus Deum laudat.

'The people praise God.'

76

Dative as Indirect Object

The dative case may be used to express the indirect object of a verb of giving, telling, or showing.

 

Magister puerō praemium dat.

'The teacher is giving a reward to the boy.'

'The teacher is giving the boy a reward.'

[dō, dare, dedī, datus 'give']

77

Ablative of Separation

After verbs of freeing, separating, or depriving, an ablative of separation may occur, with or without a preposition (ab or ex)

 

Dominus populum (ā) malō līberat.

'The Lord frees His people from evil.'

[līberō, līberāre, līberavī, līberātus 'free']