Unit 6 Flashcards Preview

Ecclesiastical Latin Vocab > Unit 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 6 Deck (95):
1

reddō / reddere / reddidī / redditus

give back / render

2

trādō / trādere / trādidī / trāditus

give over / hand down / betray

3

fugō / fugāre / fugāvī / fugātus

put to flight / chase away

4

dēleō / dēlēre / dēlēvī / dēlētus

destroy / wipe out

5

habeō / habēre / habuī / habitus

have / hold; consider

6

misceō / miscēre / miscuī / mixtus

mix / mingle

7

moneō / monēre / monuī / monitus

warn / advise / teach

8

agō / agere / ēgī / āctus

do / drive / conduct

9

grātiās agere

give thanks (to) / thank (+ dat.)

10

bibō / bibere / bibī / bibitus

drink

11

crēdō / crēdere / crēdidī / crēditus

believe (in) / trust (in)

12

dūcō / dūcere / dūxī / ductus

lead

13

ēdūcō / ēdūcere / ēdūxī / ēductus

lead out

14

indūcō / indūcere / indūxī / inductus

lead into / bring into

15

perdūcō / perdūcere / perdūxī / perductus

lead through / bring to

16

sēdūcō / sēdūcere / sēdūxī / sēductus

deceive

17

jungō / jungere / jūnxī / jūnctus

join / unite

18

conjungō / conjungere / conjūnxī / conjūnctus

join / unite

19

capiō / capere / cēpī / captus

take / receive / understand

20

accipiō / accipere / accēpī / acceptus

take / get / receive

21

recipiō / recipere / recēpī / receptus

take back / regain

22

faciō / facere / fēcī / factus

do / make

23

afficiō / afficere / affēcī / affectus

affect

24

dēficiō / dēficere / dēfēcī / dēfectus

fail / waste / vanish

25

efficiō / efficere / effēcī / effectus

make / effect

26

audiō / audīre / audīvī (audiī) / audītus

hear

27

exaudiō / exaudīre / exaudīvī (exaudiī) / exaudītus

hear (favorably)

28

veniō / venīre / vēnī / ventus

come

29

adveniō / advenīre / advēnī / adventus

come / arrive

30

conveniō / convenīre / convēnī / conventus

come together / be fitting

31

inveniō / invenīre / invēnī / inventus

come upon / find

32

Hebraeus / Hebraeī / m.

Hebrew

33

nātus / nātī / m.

son / child

34

domus / domī / f.

home / house

35

exemplum / exemplī / n.

example

36

templum / templī / n.

temple / church

37

Aegyptius / -am –um

Egyptian

38

Chrīstiānus / -a / -um

Christian

39

ēlēctus / -a / um

chosen / elect

40

adhūc

(adv.) so far / till now / still

41

aut

(coord. conj.) or

42

aut … aut

either … or

43

-ne

(enclitic interrog. particle) used in sentence questions

44

quārē

(interrog. adv.) for what reason / why?

45

give back / render

reddō / reddere / reddidī / redditus

46

give over / hand down / betray

trādō / trādere / trādidī / trāditus

47

put to flight / chase away

fugō / fugāre / fugāvī / fugātus

48

destroy / wipe out

dēleō / dēlēre / dēlēvī / dēlētus

49

have / hold; consider

habeō / habēre / habuī / habitus

50

mix / mingle

misceō / miscēre / miscuī / mixtus

51

warn / advise / teach

moneō / monēre / monuī / monitus

52

do / drive / conduct

agō / agere / ēgī / āctus

53

give thanks (to) / thank (+ dat.)

grātiās agere

54

drink

bibō / bibere / bibī / bibitus

55

believe (in) / trust (in)

crēdō / crēdere / crēdidī / crēditus

56

lead

dūcō / dūcere / dūxī / ductus

57

lead out

ēdūcō / ēdūcere / ēdūxī / ēductus

58

lead into / bring into

indūcō / indūcere / indūxī / inductus

59

lead through / bring to

perdūcō / perdūcere / perdūxī / perductus

60

deceive

sēdūcō / sēdūcere / sēdūxī / sēductus

61

join / unite

jungō / jungere / jūnxī / jūnctus

62

join / unite

conjungō / conjungere / conjūnxī / conjūnctus

63

take / receive / understand

capiō / capere / cēpī / captus

64

take / get / receive

accipiō / accipere / accēpī / acceptus

65

take back / regain

recipiō / recipere / recēpī / receptus

66

do / make

faciō / facere / fēcī / factus

67

affect

afficiō / afficere / affēcī / affectus

68

fail / waste / vanish

dēficiō / dēficere / dēfēcī / dēfectus

69

make / effect

efficiō / efficere / effēcī / effectus

70

hear

audiō / audīre / audīvī (audiī) / audītus

71

hear (favorably)

exaudiō / exaudīre / exaudīvī (exaudiī) / exaudītus

72

come

veniō / venīre / vēnī / ventus

73

come / arrive

adveniō / advenīre / advēnī / adventus

74

come together / be fitting

conveniō / convenīre / convēnī / conventus

75

come upon / find

inveniō / invenīre / invēnī / inventus

76

Hebrew

Hebraeus / Hebraeī / m.

77

son / child

nātus / nātī / m.

78

home / house

domus / domī / f.

79

example

exemplum / exemplī / n.

80

temple / church

templum / templī / n.

81

Egyptian

Aegyptius / -am –um

82

Christian

Chrīstiānus / -a / -um

83

chosen / elect

ēlēctus / -a / um

84

(adv.) so far / till now / still

adhūc

85

(coord. conj.) or

aut

86

either … or

aut … aut

87

(enclitic interrog. particle) used in sentence questions

-ne

88

(interrog. adv.) for what reason / why?

quārē

89

Present Indicative Active: Second Conjugation

 

first-person singular: moneō ('I warn')

second-person singular: monēs ('you warn')

third-person singular: monet ('he/she/it warn')

first-person plural: monēmus ('we warn')

second-person plural: monētis ('you warn')

third-person plural: monent ('they warn')

90

Present Indicative Active:

Third Conjugation -ō type

 

first-person singular: dūcō ('I lead')

second-person singular: dūcis ('you lead')

third-person singular: dūcit ('he/she/it leads')

first-person plural: dūcimus ('we lead')

second-person plural: dūcitis ('you lead')

third-person plural: dūcunt ('they lead')

91

Present Indicative Active:

Third Conjugation -iō type

first-person singular: capiō ('I take')

second-person singular: capis ('you take')

third-person singular: capit ('he/she/it takes')

first-person plural: capimus ('we take')

second-person plural: capitis ('you take')

third-person plural: capiunt ('they take')

92

Present Indicative Active: Fourth Conjugation

first-person singular: audiō ('I hear')

second-person singular: audīs ('you hear')

third-person singular: audit ('he/she/it hears')

first-person plural: audīmus ('we hear')

second-person plural: audītis ('you hear')

third-person plural: audiunt ('they hear')

93

Direct Questions

A direct statement may be converted into a direct question by attaching the enclitic particle -ne to the first word. But more often context alone determines when a statement is to be construed as a question.

 

Vocatne Petrus discipulum?

'Is Peter calling the disciple?'

Angelī in caelīs Deum collaudant?

'Do the angels in heaven together praise God?'

 

Far more frequently a question is introducted by an interrogative word, such as the adverbs ubi 'where?' and quārē 'for what reason? why?'

 

Quārē Dominum nōn laudant?

'Why do they not praise the Lord?'

94

Ablative of Means

The ablative case of an inanimate noun may be used to express the means by which the action of a sentence is accomplished. Occassionally, the Latin of the Vulgate uses the preposition in with this construction.

Dominum psalmīs laudāmus.

'We praise the Lord with (by means of) psalms.'

Jūstī in gladiō rēgnant?

'Do righteous men rule by (by means of) the sword?'

95

Ablative of Manner

The albative case of an abstract noun may be used to express the manner or style in which the action of a sentence is carried out. The preoposition cum is always used if the noun is not modified by an adjective; the preposition may be omitted if the noun is modified.

 

Dominum cum gaudiō laudāmus.

'We praise the Lord with joy (joyfully).'

Dominum magnō (cum) gaudiō laudāmus.

'With great joy we praise the Lord.'

[Note the adjective often begins the phrase: magnō cum gaudiō]