Flashcards in Unit 6- The purpose of Nazi rule Deck (11)
How did the Nazis respond to unemployment?
The Nazis expanded the existing National Labour Sevice, a scheme that gave unemployed men jobs in labour intensive projects such as road building or planting new forests. Men were put into work camps with terrible conditions and they were paid in pocket money rather than proper wages. IN 1935, the Reich Labour Service Law was passed which stated that all men between the ages 18- 25 must spend at leas 6 months in the National Labour Service.
How did the Nazis use public work schemes to reduce unemployment?
The Nazis invested in the building of new roads, new schools, new homes and other new buildings. A law was passed which stated that all construction jobs had to be done by hand, thus giving as many people as possible work to do.
How did rearmament affect unemployment in Germany?
One of Hitler's priorities once in power was to build up the German army again. He did this by introducing compulsory conscription which meant that 18- 25 year olds must spend at least 2 years in the army. Youths who were still unemployed joined the army.
Were the Nazis successful at cutting unemployment?
In 1933, there were over 6 million people unemployed. By 1939, there were 100,000. People got work but most in work camps or work schemes. The wages were poor, working conditions were terrible, they had to work in all weathers and the workers had no rights. To hammer down on unemployment, the Nazis took extreme measure; if a person who is capable of work but chooses not to take work, then they were arrested and put into concentration camps.
How did the Nazis treat Jews?
As soon as the Nazis came into power, the SA organised boycotts of Jewish shops and prevented people from entering them. Hitler then ordered all Jews in governmental jobs to be sacked. This included teachers, doctors, lawyers...
In 1935, the Nuremberg laws were passed which took away many of the Jews' basic rights. In the following years, more laws were passed which took away nearly every Jewish right.
What happened during the Night of Broken Glass?
In November 1938, a Jew shot dead a Nazi official in France. In retaliation, the SA led a terror attack in which they smashed and looted Jewish shops, burnt down Synagogues as well as arrested over 20,000 Jews and sent them to concentration camps. The Jews were then fined 1 billion marks.
What did the Nazis do to the Jews when they came to power?
1. Prevented Jews from marrying and having children with a German.
2. Jews were only allowed certain names.
3. Jews were prohibited from owning shops and large scale economic operations.
4. Jewish children were not permitted to attend German school, they had to attend special Jewish schools.
5. Jews were banned from public places like parks, theatres, museums, lecture halls, libraries...
6. Jews must wear a Star of David on their arms as identification.
7. Changing textbooks to teach children anti- Semitic ideas.
8. Public humiliations were common. Jews were often beaten or displayed in public.
How did the Nazis keep control?
Every German city was divided into blocks and a Nazi was in charge of every single block. The police and citizens report to the block leader about suspicious or illegal activities of every single person. The block leader would get a name and maybe an address. The secret police would then make arrests at night. People were encouraged to denounce everyone they found suspicious; this included neighbours, friends, colleagues and even family members. People were too scared to do anything against the law since people who were arrested were put into concentration camps and most never returned.
What economic impacts did the Nazis have on Germany?
When Hitler first came into power, he declared that Germany should expand its army by creating an air force, building battleships, submarines and more soldiers. At first, this was done secretly since it was against the T of V and Hitler feared the allies would invade to stop him. However, in 1935, he made Germany' rearmament open and introduced conscription. In 1939, the German army grew to over 1 million people. The allies protested but did nothing.
What was the Four Year plan?
Rearmament required money and Germany was still in an economic depression. To tackle r#this problem, the Nazis introduced the Four Year plan. Germany was to become more self sufficient and less dependent on imports to save money. Substitutes were to be made for the materials that could not be produced by Germany.