Unit2. Mastering Languages Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit2. Mastering Languages Deck (79)
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1
Q

Ease

 /iːz/

A

lack of difficulty, comfort, relief

Facilidad, comodidad, reposo, alivio

  • The ease with which he learns languages is amazing.
2
Q

Rusty

A

with rust, out of practice

Oxidado, rancio, enmohecido

 

  • Oliver pulled the rusty bike out of the garage, wondering if it could still be repaired.
  • Wendy's French is rusty, as she hasn't practised it for years.
3
Q

pick up

A

fetch, collect in vehicle

Recoger, pasar a buscar a alguien, retirar

 

  • I'll pick up the kids from school today.
  • Could you pick up my prescription on your way past the chemist?
4
Q

through

/θruː/

A

by way of, as a result of

a través, atravesar, por/porque

  • The bullet went through his body.
5
Q

awkward

A

clumsy, troublesome

torpe, desmañado, incómodo, difícil, inoportuno

  • The boy was so awkward that he kept knocking things over.
  • My nephew is entering that awkward stage of adolescence.
6
Q

thorough

/ˈθʌrə/

A

painstaking, careful, 

riguroso, exaustivo, a fondo, meticuloso, concienzudo

 

  • The police carried out a thorough search of the area, but nothing was found.

 

7
Q

misleading

A

not entirely true,leading the wrong way

confuso, engañoso, deserientador

  • Erin read a misleading map that got her lost.
  • The teacher had accidentally taught some misleading information to the students.
8
Q

suitable

A

appropiate, 

adecuado, apto, apropiado

  • I've got a job interview tomorrow and I'm looking for a suitable outfit.
9
Q

factually

A

 

basado en hechos, objetivamente

 

10
Q

statement

A

somthing said or written, TO PRESS OR PUBLIC

declaración

  • Your statement is completely false.
  • The police are going to make a statement.

11
Q

dissatisfied

A

insatisfecho, descontento

  • If you're dissatisfied at all, return the product for a full refund.
12
Q

reliable

 /rɪˈlaɪəbəl/

A

dependable, trustworthy

fiable, responsable,

  • Is this data reliable?
  • He is reliable and shows up for work every day.
13
Q

undeniable

/ˌʌndɪˈnaɪəbəl/

A

can not be disputed

indiscutible, innegable,inconstestable

  • It's undeniable now that polar ice is shrinking every year.
14
Q

shift

shift away (alejarse)

A

move, group of workers

mover, correr, desplazar, ...

  • The movers shifted the table one metre to the left.
  • This factory has three shifts: morning, evening and night.
  • Their children shift away from the language of their ancestors.
15
Q

offspring

A

retoños, prole, retoños, ...fruto, resultado

  • She gave their offspring the opportunity to achieve a better life.
16
Q

budget

A

monetary plan, 

Presupuesto

  • Fiona created a family spending budget.
17
Q

Affair

 /əˈfɛə/

A

matter, concern, romantic liaision

asunto, caso, lío, amorío

  • Affairs of state require good policies and capable administrators.
  • He had an affair with his secretary.
18
Q

Duty

/ˈdjuːtɪ/

A

job, function, tax

deber, labor, función, faena, impuesto

  • It is your duty to take out the trash.
  • It is your duty to vote.
  • You must show your boarding pass at the checkout counter of the duty-free shop.

19
Q

Fulfil

/fʊlˈfɪl/

A

Obligation, promise, satisfy

Cumplir, realizar, mantener, satisfacer

  • You will be paid when you've fulfilled your contractual obligations.
  • This room should fulfill your needs but let us know if it doesn't.
20
Q

Prospect

/ˈprɒspɛkt/

A

future possibility, chances of success

Perspectiva, posibilidad, expectativa

  • This course offers the prospect of spending a year in Paris.
  • Paul told Linda that his prospects were good.
21
Q

attachment

/əˈtætʃmənt/

A

 

accesorio, adjunto, cariño, apego

  • The electric drill comes with a 20-piece set of attachments
  • Max has such an attachment to his new puppy.

22
Q

To rely on

To rely upon

 

 

A

depend on, have trust in

Depender de, confiar en

  • Can you rely on that car?
  • Can you rely on her?
23
Q

Seldom

A

rarely

pocas veces, raramente, casi nunca

  • John is self-employed and seldom takes holidays.
  • I seldom, if ever, have time to relax and read a book.
24
Q

Fellow

 /ˈfɛləʊ/

A

man, boy, member

tipo, sujeto, hombre

  • He's just some fellow I met on the bus.
  • He is known among his fellows for his extreme opinions.
25
Q

build up

A

develop, structure

erigido, construido, desarrollado, 

  • They built up the wall using bricks made from local stone.
  • Johnson gradually built up his business empire.
26
Q

boost

 /buːst/

A

encourage, support, push up

empujón, animar, estimular, apoyar, alentar

  • The community's support boosted the politician.
  • Getting a new car from her parents was a boost for Rose.
27
Q

outcome

A

result, equation, consequences

resultado, consecuencias

  • Does anyone know the outcome of the negotiations?
  • Did you ever find the outcome to that equation?
28
Q

scope

/skəʊp/

A

ámbito,mira (rifle) alcance

  • Romance questions are beyond the scope of the language forum.
  • The sniper used his scope to aim his gun.
  • The manager did not understand the scope of the problem at first, but soon realized its scale.
29
Q

to succeed

  /səkˈsiːd/

A

tener éxito, resultar bien 

 

  • He succeeded in running a business.
  • The project succeeded after a year of efforts.
30
Q

success (n)

 /səkˈsɛs/

A

exito, triunfador

  • You could see his success by the size of his house.
  • He became a success thanks to hard work and determination.
31
Q

fewer and fewer

A

cada vez menos

32
Q

constrain

/kənˈstreɪn/

 

A

obligar a alguien a algo, limitar, restringir

  • I would love to work abroad, but my family responsibilities constrain me to stay in this country.
  • The contract constrained the author from hiring a new agent.
33
Q

Furthermore

furthermost

further

/ˈfɜːðə/

 

A

es más, además(moreover)

  • Furthermore, it is ilegal to do this.

más lejano

más lejos, 

  • How far is it? Is it further than that house over there?
34
Q

to neglect

/nɪˈɡlɛkt/

A

actuar con negligencia, decuido, irresponsabilidad

  • Kate's mother was arrested for neglect.
  • The soldier neglected his duties and was discharged from the military.
35
Q

benign

/bɪˈnaɪn/

A

benigno/a,  bondadoso/a,   benévolo adj

  • The biopsy determined that the tumour was benign.
  • I've always found him to be a benign and kind-hearted person.
36
Q

facet

/ˈfæsɪt/

 

gleam

 /ɡliːm/

A

cara, faceta, aspecto

  • The problem has many facets that need to be addressed individually.
  • The light gleamed through the diamond's facets.

relucir, resplandecer

37
Q

impend-ing

/ɪmˈpɛndɪŋ/

A

inminente, latente, 

(ser inminente)

  • Seth couldn't move into the house until the impending transaction was finalized.
38
Q

unavoidable

/ˌʌnəˈvɔɪdəbəl/

A

inevitable 

  • Weather has made delays to the opening unavoidable.
39
Q

unlikely

/ʌnˈlaɪklɪ/

A

improbable

  • It seems unlikely that Philip will get the job; he really doesn't have the right qualifications.
40
Q

acquire

 /əˈkwaɪə/

A

adquirir, obtener, conseguir

41
Q

raise

/reɪz/

A

levantar, subir, alzar

(sombrilla, mano, volumen, salario)

criar, educar

  • We raised the beach umbrella by six inches.
  • Raise your hand if you have a question.
  • We raised the children to be respectful of their parents.
42
Q

 rise

/raɪz/

A

subir, aumento, incremento, ascenso, crecida

(calor, stock, precios, aumento agua, presión gas

  • Heat rises.
  • The stock market rose 2% today.
  • They worried the rise of the river would lead to flooding.
  • The rise in gas pressure is dangerous.
43
Q

to

A

a, hacia, contra

  • He went to the shop.
  • He went out to dinner.
  • He walked to the house.
  • The proposal was defeated by seven votes to two.
44
Q

for 

A

para, por, durante

  • The small fork is for your salad, the large one for the main course
  • He only paid ten dollars for that shirt.
  • She was gone for four hours. I've been learning Chinese for two years.
45
Q

unless

 /ʌnˈlɛs/

A

a menos que, a no ser que

  • Let's go to the shop now, unless you have a better idea.
46
Q

outfit

outfit(sth/sb)

A

ropa, atuendo, traje, disfraz

  • Rachel is buying herself a new outfit for her holiday.
  • Lucas went to the party in a cowboy outfit.

armar, equipar a alquien

grupo, panda

  • There are ten people in this outfit.
47
Q

apart from

A

aparte de

excepto

  • Apart from me, none of my classmates delivered the composition on time.
48
Q

while

A

mientras, 

a pesar de, pesa a

49
Q
A
50
Q

obscure 

A

known only by a few people

 

  • A lot of the books I’ve been reading are quite obscure
51
Q

infrastructure 

A

 the basic facilities such as transport, communications, power supplies, and buildings, which enable a town, city or country to function. (Collins Dictionary)

52
Q

sewers

A

the underground tunnels that carry all the toilet waste (i.e. the piss and shit) away

53
Q

to treat someone / to treat a disease

A

 to give treatment to people who are suffering from a disease

54
Q

to cure someone

A

to make a disease disappear completely, through treatment

55
Q

to blow something up

A

make something explode

  • They find the sewer and they blow it up so the authorities have to replace it
56
Q

to start out

A

to start from the very beginning

57
Q

to get worn down by something

A

to become weaker because of difficult experiences over time

58
Q

a quack

A

a fake doctor

(charlatán)

(curandero)

59
Q

to bring someone up short

A

to suddenly stop someone doing something, often with a surprise

60
Q

to be brought up short

A

(passive version) = to suddenly be stopped (by something) in what you are doing, often with a surprise

61
Q

It’s quite moving

A

 makes you feel a strong emotion

62
Q

a character arc

A

a narrative or storyline for a particular character which changes from the start to the finish

 

  • There’s this character arc of this guy who starts out innocent and gets seduced by the money
63
Q

a heck of a lot (of something)

A

a lot (but emphasized with ‘a heck of’ – also ‘a hell of a lot’)

  • It’s a tiny book but it contains a heck of a lot

 

 

64
Q

a slog 

A

a long, difficult and tiring experience

 

  • If English is your second language it can be a bit of a slog sometimes to keep going (reading)
65
Q

to be faux naive

A

‘fake’ naive – pretending to be naive

  • People say he (Louis Theroux) is faux naive.
66
Q

to come across as something 

A

to give an impression of something

  • Tom Cruise comes across as being a really friendly, fun and hardworking person.
67
Q

acuity

A

(mental sharpness)

Agudeza

68
Q

dorky 

goofy 

geeky 

A

All these are words to describe someone who is not cool.

  • He looks a bit dorky, goofy, geeky.
  • All these are words to describe someone who is not cool.  
  • just a bit ridiculous, but also in appearance
  • interested (maybe obsessed) by things like computers, comics, science fiction rather than people. (Louis Theroux definitely isn’t a geek, but he comes 
69
Q

humble 

A

Humilde, modesto

  • Tyler is a humble man, and always happy to help.
70
Q

to fancy someone

A

to find someone physically attractive, in a sexual way (but this is the sort of word that teenagers use)

  • Do you fancy him?

 

71
Q

to open up (to someone)

A

to become more open and revealing with people, e.g. to start talking about personal things

 

  • His naive awkward English friendliness is very disarming and as a result, people open up to him
72
Q

the knack of doing something

/næk/

A

‘to lose the knack of doing something’ is a common way to say that you have lost the specific ability to do a certain thing.

(truco, facilidad o habilidad para hacer una cosa)

73
Q

grim 

A

unpleasant and depressing

  • They’re all addicted to heroin, and it’s really grim.

 

74
Q

The time is getting on and we really ought to draw it to a close

A

When there’s no more time

Se acerca el momento y realmente debemos acercarlo a su fin

75
Q

We’ve run out of time

A

Nos hemos quedado sin tiempo

76
Q

Never mind ...

A

No importa

No te preocupes

No tiene importancia

 

  • Never Mind the History Books (no te preocupes por los libros de historia)
77
Q

Talking to yourself is actually said to improve mental acuity and intelligence

A

Se dice que hablar contigo mismo ...

78
Q

standup comedian

A

Comediante de monólogos

79
Q
A