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Flashcards in U.S government final Deck (128)
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The set of ideas and beliefs of a group or political party.

Ideology

1

One's own influence or effectiveness on politics

Political efficacy

2

One who argues a broad interpretation of the provisions of the constitution particularly those granting powers to the federal government.

Liberal

3

Believing in the value of stablished and traditional practices in politics and society.

Conservative

4

People who try to persuade public officials to do those things that interest groups want them to do.

Lobbyist

5

Organizations specifically designed to collect money and provide financial support for political candidates.

Political action committee( PAC )

6

All political power resides in the people.( rule for the ppl by the ppl )

Popular sovereignty

7

Three basic powers that are distributed among three distinct and independent branches of gov.

Separation of powers

8

Three branches that are connected to each other.

Checks and balances

9

Government is restricted in what they may do and every individual has rights the government cannot take away

Limited government

10

Division of power among the central government and several regional government

Federalism

11

Powers that the national government and states have.
Examples are regulating banks establishing a criminal justice system

Concurrent powers

12

Powers enumerated or stated directly by the founding fathers in the Constitution examples are print currency, declare war and Levi and collect taxes

Expressed powers

13

Gives Congress the right to make laws necessary and proper to carry out all laws stated/expressed/numerated in the Constitution.

Elastic or necessary & proper clause

14

Group of like-minded people who meet to select the candidates they will support on an upcoming election.

Caucus

15

The effort to bring pressure on election officials by mobilizing voters in their own districts or states by using mail phones or visit.

Grass roots campaign

16

Vote made by qualified voters.

Popular vote

17

Special taxes demanded by the states as a condition of voting.

Poll taxes

18

An examination to determine whether a person meets the literacy requirements for voting.

Literacy test

19

The right to vote.

Suffrage

20

A party nominating election in which only declare party members can vote.

Closed primary

21

Body of fundamental laws setting out the principles structures and processes of government.

Constitution

22

Any one of the people that live in and vote in an area.

Consitituent

23

A process in which a legislative measure is referred to the state's voters for final approval or rejection.

Referendum

24

Petition procedure in which voters may remove an elected official from office before the completion of his or her regular terms.

Recall

25

Official postponement of the execution of a sentence

Reprieve

26

Process in which a certain number of qualified voters sign petitions in favor of a proposed statue or constitutional amendment which then goes directly to the ballot.

Initiative

27

Tax placed on the sale of various commodities, paid by purchaser.

Sales tax

28

Annual local government tax on real State or personal property based on the tax rate.

Property tax

29

Tax laid on the manufacture,sale, or consumption of goods and/or the performance of services.

Excise tax