Flashcards in Vagina (dave's notes) Deck (11):
Describe the size, shape and location of the vagina
Approximately 10cm long, in the same direction as the pelvic brim, with a transverse lumen
Describe the shape of the superior end of the vagina
The upper end is slightly expanded forming the vaginal fornix (A, P, L).
What is the significant anatomical feature of the posterior fornix?
It is covered by peritoneum
How is the ureter located relative to the vagina?
The ureter is initially adjacent to the lateral fornix and then passes to the anterior fornix
What are the anterior relations of the vagina?
The anterior wall (below the cervix) is in contact with the base of the bladder, with the urethra embedded in the anterior wall
What are the more distal relations of the vagina?
The vagina passes down between pubovaginalis and through the urogenital diaphragm
Describe the blood supply of the vagina
The vaginal branch of the internal iliac artery (plus uterine, inferior vesical and middle rectal arteries)
Describe the lymphatic drainage of the vagina
Vaginal lymph drains to the external iliac nodes and the internal inguinal nodes with lower parts draining to superficial inguinal nodes
Describe the nerve supply of the vagina
The lower end receives sensory fibres from the perineal and posterior labial branches of the pudendal nerve and ilioinguinal nerve. Sympathetic fibres from the hypogastric plexus supplies the blood vessels
Describe the histological structure of the vagina
The vagina is made up of a muscular layer of smooth muscle lined internally by mucous membrane, and covered externally by fibrous tissue. There is no muscularis mucosa and no glands.