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Flashcards in verb forms Deck (10):
1

Form I - فعل (fa3ala) 

  • Expresses the general verbal meaning of the root in question.

 

_ _ _

2

Form II - فعّل (fa33ala) 

  1. Often a causative version of the Form I verb.
  2. Often an intensive version of the Form I verb (especially if the form 1 verb is transitive)

 

Built on Form I by doubling the middle radical of the Form I verb (adding a shadda to it)

_ ّ_ _

3

Form III - فاعل (faa3ala) 

  • Usually gives an associative meaning to the Form I verb; describes someone doing the act in question to or with someone else

Built on Form I by adding an alif between the first and second radicals of the form 1 verb 

_ _ ( ا ) _

_ (aa) _ _

4

Form IV - أفعل (af3ala) 

  • Similar to Form II in that it is usually a causative version of the Form I verb

Built on Form I by prefixing an alif to the Form I verb and putting a sukuun over the first radical:

 

_ _ _ ( أ )

( 'a ) _ _ _

5

Form V - تفعّل (tafa33ala) 

  1. Often a reflexive version of the Form II verb
  2. Sometimes an intensive version of a Form I verb

Built on Form II by adding the prefix تـ to the Form II verb:

_ _ _ (تـ)

(ta) _ _ _

6

Form VI - تفاعل (tafaa3ala) 

  • Usually a reflexive version of the Form III verb

Built on Form III by adding the prefix تـ to the Form III verb:

_ _ ( ا ) _ (تـ )

 (ta) _ (aa) _ _

7

Form VII - انفعل (infa3ala) 

  • Usually a reflexive and/or passive version of the Form I verb

Built on Form I by adding the prefix انـ to the Form I verb:
 

_ _ _ (انـ)

('in) _ _ _

8

Form VIII - افتعل (ifta3ala) 

  • Often a reflexive version of the Form I verb
  • Sometimes has a specially derived meaning relative to a Form I verb

Built on Form I by adding the prefix ا to the Form I verb and placing a sukuun over its first radical:

 

_ _ (ا) _ (نـ)

('i) _ (t) _ _

9

Form IX - افعلّ (if3alla) 

  • Relates to colors

Built on Form I by adding the prefix ا to the Form I verb, placing a sukuun over its first radical, and adding a shadda to the last radical:

 ّ_ _ _ (ا)

('i) _ _ ّ_

10

Form X - استفعل (istaf3ala) 

  • Often a considerative version of the Form I verb; means "to consider or to deem someone to have the quality" of the Form I verb in question
  • Often a requestive version of a form 1 verb; means "to request or to seek something" for oneself

Built on Form I by adding the prefix استـ to the Form I verb and inserting a ت between the first and second radicals; a sukuun must be placed over the first radical:

_ _ _ (استـ)

('ista) _ _ _