Verbal behaviour and operant conditioning Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Verbal behaviour and operant conditioning Deck (18):
1

Verbal behaviour

Interaction between the speaker and his/her environment.
Reinforcement depends on the mediation of consequences from the listener.

2

Skinner (1957) defined verbal behaviour as...

the behaviour of the speaker which occurs as a function of the history of consequences provided by a listener (verbal community).

3

Verbal NOT vocal!!

Verbal behaviour can involve behaviour that isn't speech. eg. sign language, pecks

4

Verbal behaviour is defined by...

the presence of a listener

5

Verbal operants

The vocal utterance is the same, it is the antecedent and consequent conditions under which the speech occurs that vary.

6

Under the functional control of motivating operations and specific reinforcement provided by a listener.

Mand

7

Under the control of a non-verbal stimulus and it produces generalized conditioned reinforcement (praise/ attention).

Tact

8

Under the control of verbal discriminative stimuli and have point to point correspondence and formal similarity with the response.

Echoic

9

Under the control of a verbal discriminative stimulus which does not have point to point correspondence with the response.

Intraverbal

10

Involves reading. Under the control of a verbal stimulus (text), which has point to point correspondence but no formal similarity.

Textual

11

Involves writing and spelling spoken words. There is point to point correspondence but no formal similarity.

Transcription

12

A speaker utters 'water' when in a state of water deprivation, where the water is not present, in the presence of a listener who mediates the delivery of water.

Mand

13

A speaker utters 'water' where the presence of water is an antecedent stimulus, and reinforcement is generalized.

Tact

14

A speaker utters 'water' after hearing someone else say 'water'.

Echoic

15

A speaker utters 'water' when asked 'what comes out of a tap'.

Intraverbal

16

A speaker utters 'water' upon seeing the written word WATER.

Textual

17

A speaker writes the word WATER after hearing the word 'water'.

Transcription

18

Private events (verbal)

We come to know ourselves as a result of out verbal community
Self-awareness, self knowledge, history