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Flashcards in Vertebrate Test Deck (57)
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1

What animal is the closest link to terrestrial vertebrates

Lobe finned fish

2

What class of fish is cartilaginous and has jaws

Cartilaginous fish

3

Where do lungfish live

Mud and at great depths

4

Name and describe the three classes of bony fish

Ray finned
Majority of fish
Have long spines that form fins

, lung,
Live in austrailia,Africa, South America,
In wet season they live in water in great depths, using gills to eliminate CO2, bring in air through primitive lung
In the dry season they burrow into the mud and become dormant

coelacanth fish
2 species alive today
Have stubby fins and triple lobed tail
Found off of coast of East Africa, Austrailia (Indian Ocean)
Closest link to terrestrial vertebrates

5

Name the three main classes of fish and examples of each

Class Agnatha
Lampreys and hagfish

Class Chondrichthyes
Sharks, skates, Rays

Class Osteichthyes
Ray finned fish, lungfish, coelacanth

6

How many chambers heart do fish have

2

7

What does Chondrichthyes mean

Cartilage fish

8

What fish has six hearts and lacks eyes

Hagfish

9

What fish has circular sucking discs

Lampreys

10

Oste means what

Bone

11

What percent of vertebrates are bony fish

40%

12

Know the fish parts on diagram

You can do it!

13

Know the functions of the fish parts

Hang in there !

14

Are fish cold or warm blooded

Cold

15

What does amphibian mean

Both life

16

List the 3 orders of amphibians and give examples of each

Order Anura (frogs and toads)
Urodela (salamanders)
Apoda (caecilians)

17

Adult amphibians eggs lack what

Shells

18

Urodela means what

Visible tail

19

Anura means

Without a tail

20

How many chambers does an adult amphibian have, tadpoles

3, 2

21

Why must amphibians live in moist ares

Aquatic larvae
Eggs don't have shells, they dry out
Skin has no protective covering to prevent it from drying out
Most adults bring in some O2 through their skin

22

Animals that can't regulate body temperature are considered

Cold blooded

23

List three ways to toads and frogs apart

Frogs have longer legs than toads, frogs have slender bodies and toads have squat bodies, frogs have smooth skin and toads are covered in bumps

24

How long does it take tadpoles to hatch

1-3 weeks

25

Frogs have what kind of fertilization

External fertilization or oviparous

26

What group of amphibians are blind

Order Apoda or caecilians

27

Apoda means

Without legs

28

Know the parts of the frog!

You got this!

29

Know the function of the frog parts

You know this!

30

How many species of amphibians are there

Approx. 4,000