Plants Flashcards Preview

Science > Plants > Flashcards

Flashcards in Plants Deck (41)
Loading flashcards...
0

What is the main function of root hairs

Increase the surface area and allow the root to absorb more water

1

Leaves have openings called what? What do they try to conserve? What cells surround the openings?

Stomata, water, guard cells

2

What does xylem carry? Which way? Is it living or dead?

Water and dissolved minerals, upward, dead

3

What is a complete flower?

It has all 4 whorls of flower parts

4

What is an incomplete flower?

It lacks one of the four whorls

5

List 2 examples of taproots

Carrots, radishes

6

What insect sees in ultraviolet light?

Bees

7

What plant organs capture light

Leaves

8

List 4 plants used in making sports equipment

Bolata (golf balls), persimmon (golf club heads), ash ( baseball bats), ebony and ash ( pool cues)

9

What does gymnosperm mean

Naked seed

10

What christmas plant is poisonous

Holly berries and parts of mistletoe

11

How many cotyledons do monocots have, dicots

1, 2

12

How many petals do monocots have, dicots

Multiples of 3. Multiples of 5

13

List the 3 main gymnosperm groups which is the most diverse

Cycads, ginkgoes, conifers, conifers

14

What are plant cell walls made of

Cellulose

15

What is a diet of root crops and cereals deficit in

Amino acids

16

What 3 things to flowers use to attract insects

Their color (petals) , nectar (food), fragrance

17

How are fruits eaten by birds used to spread seeds

The seed isnt digested and us dispersed in a new place

18

Name the 3 main plant organs

Roots, stems, leaves

19

What are cycads, what do they look like, when did they dominate earth

Gymnosperms( a group) , grow in tropics and produce reproductive structures that look like giant pine cones, 225 million years ago (Triassic period)

20

What does phloem carry, which way, is if living or dead

Sugars, up and down, living

21

Sepals

Outermost whorl of leaves, usually green

22

Petals

Second circle of flower parts, usually brightly colored to attract insects

23

Filament

Long, thin structures that support the anther

24

Ovary

Hollow structure at the base of pistil that contains the ovules

25

Ovule

Female gametophyte that produces the egg

26

Pollen grain

Male gametophyte (contains the sperm)

27

Anther

Structure where the male gametophytes are produced

28

Stigma

Swollen, sticky tip of pistil on which pollen lands and adheres

29

Style

Stalk rising from the ovary of a pistil