Where is the genicular anastomosis and what does it supply?
The genicular anastomosis is on the posterior aspect of the knee joint and is particularly important during flexion
Where in the leg does the posterior tibial artery run?
In the deep compartment
What type of pathology is associated with the femoral ring?
Inguinal hernia causing bowel obstruction due to the rigidity of the ring
When does the external iliac artery become the femoral artery?
After transversing the inguinal ligament
What are the names of the structures that run under the flexor retinaculum from the medial malleolus distally?
Tom, Dick and very naught Harry
Posterior tibial artery
Posterior tibial veins
In which aspect of the thigh does the femoral artery run?
Anterior, until is passes through the adductor hiatus
Which compartment does the fibular artery supply?
The lateral compartment of the leg
What is the order of the structures that make up the neurovascular bundle in the popliteal fossa, from superficial to deep
Popliteal artery (deepest)
Which nerve runs with the anterior tibial artery?
The deep fibular nerve
Where do you get vena comitans in the LL?
In the veins beneath the popliteal vein
Describe the course of the Great Saphenous vein
Runs anterior to the medial malleolus
Up the medial aspect of the leg
A hands bredth posterior to the patella
Up the medial thigh
Into the fascia lata
Joins the femoral vein
Name the structures that run under the extensor reticulum of the foot from medial to lateral
Timothy Has a Nasty, Dirty Toe
EHL (extensor hallucis longus)
Anterior tibial artery
Deep fibular nerve
What is the pathophysiology of varicose veins?
Incompetent venous valve
Blood is pumped from the deep to superficial veins of leg
It aggregates and extrudes into tissue
> brown pigmentation, venous eczema, ulceration, tortuous veins
Describe the structure and contents of the femoral canal
It is split into 3 compartments
- the lateral compartment contains the femoral artery
- The middle compartment contains lymph nodes and some fat and allows expansion of the femoral vein
- the medial compartment contains the femoral vein
Where is the femoral ring?
At the top of the femoral canal
Where does the popliteal artery branch into its terminal arteries?
On the posterior aspect of the superior tibiofibular joint
What happens if compartment syndrome isn't treated in time?
Ischaemia > death of muscle tissue > Scarring
Describe the course of the short saphenous vein
Off the lateral aspect of the dorsal venous arch
Posterior medial malleolus
Up the posterior leg
Into the popliteal fossa where it pierces the deep fascia and joins the popliteal vein
Which artery does the fibular artery branch off?
The posterior tibial artery
When does the femoral artery change its name to the popliteal artery?
After passing through the adductor magnus
What does the popliteal artery branch into?
The anterior and posterior tibial arteries
Which artery supplies the anterior compartment of the leg?
The anterior tibial artery
What is the name of the continuation of anterior tibial artery that is felt as the dorsal pedal pulse?
The dorsalis pedis artery
What course do branches of the profunda femoris take?
They wind around the femur and send branches through the adductor magnus
What are the 5 P's of compartment syndrome?