Where is the adductor tubercle?
Superior to the medial epicondyle
Which bones does the glut maximus originate from?
The ilium and sacrum
What stabilisation role do the gluteal muscles perform?
Preventing tilt on the contralateral side of the swinging legs during walking
What motion does the satorius muscle allow?
Dog poo check
What is the piriformis useful for?
Key structure for the passage of neurovascular structure
What is the origin of the short head of the biceps femoris?
Posterior aspect of the femur
Where are the supracondylar lines?
Superior to the condyles
Starts at the end of the linea aspera
Which muscles are the main abductors of the hip?
What are the movements facilitated by the hamstrings?
Extension of the hip
Flexion of the knee
Which three muscles insert into the tibia to form the pes aserinus?
What are the muscles of the anterior compartment of the thigh?
- Rectus femoris
- Vastus lateralis
- Vastus Intermedius
- Vastus medialis
Which of the quadraceps muscles span two joints?
What are the movements provided of the gluteal muscles?
Which muscles insert into the iliotibial tract?
The gluteus maximus
The tensor fascia lata
Describe the neurovascular supply of the pectineus muscle?
It receives dual innervation - from the anterior and medial compartments of the thigh
What muscles lie under the gluteus maximus?
Which hamstring is most medial?
Which head of the biceps is more superficial?
The long head
Where does the gracilis line and where does it insert?
Medial aspect of the thigh
Proximal aspect of the tibia
Does the glut maximus abduct?
In what movement does the glateus maximus predominate?
Rising from sitting
Walking up stairs
What movements does tensor fascia lata facilitate?
What is the name of the major flexors of the hip?
What is distinct about the obturator internus?
It has 2 muscle bodies
What is vastus medialis' role in patella positioning?
It prevents the patella displacing laterally
What does the tensor fascia lata originate?
Extends from the pelvic girdle above to the iliotbial tract
Where do the hamstring originate?
The ischial tuberosity
Where do the hamstrings come into walking?
Extension of the hip
Name the hamstring muscles
Biceps femoris (2 heads)
What is the origin of the adductor muscles?
The inferior pubic ramus
On which aspect of the femur do the adductor muscle insert?
The posterior - on the linea aspera
What are the three bones of the hip?
What is the difference between the trochanteric line and trochanteric crest?
The trochanteric line is anterior and smooth
While the trochanteric crest is posterior and rough
What are the muscles of the medial compartment of the legs?
The adductor longus
Which spinal curvature is maintained by the iliopsoas muscle?
The lumbar lordosis