Thigh and Hip Muscles Flashcards Preview

Hugh's Locomotor > Thigh and Hip Muscles > Flashcards

Flashcards in Thigh and Hip Muscles Deck (35):
1

Where is the adductor tubercle?

Superior to the medial epicondyle

2

Which bones does the glut maximus originate from?

The ilium and sacrum

3

What stabilisation role do the gluteal muscles perform?

Preventing tilt on the contralateral side of the swinging legs during walking

3

What motion does the satorius muscle allow?

Dog poo check

4

What is the piriformis useful for?

Key structure for the passage of neurovascular structure

5

What is the origin of the short head of the biceps femoris?

Posterior aspect of the femur

7

Where are the supracondylar lines?

Superior to the condyles

Starts at the end of the linea aspera

8

Which muscles are the main abductors of the hip?

Gluteus medius

Gluteus minimus

9

What are the movements facilitated by the hamstrings?

Extension of the hip

Flexion of the knee

10

Which three muscles insert into the tibia to form the pes aserinus?

Semitendinosus

Gracilis

Sartorius

11

What are the muscles of the anterior compartment of the thigh?

Pectineus

Sartorius

Iliopsoas

Quadraceps muscles 

- Rectus femoris

- Vastus lateralis

- Vastus Intermedius

- Vastus medialis

11

Which of the quadraceps muscles span two joints?

Rectus femoris

13

What are the movements provided of the gluteal muscles?

Extension

External rotation

Abduction

 

13

Which muscles insert into the iliotibial tract?

The gluteus maximus

The tensor fascia lata

13

Describe the neurovascular supply of the pectineus muscle?

It receives dual innervation - from the anterior and medial compartments of the thigh

15

What muscles lie under the gluteus maximus?

Gluteus medius 

Gluteus minimus

Piriformis

Obturator internus

Quadratus femoris

16

Which hamstring is most medial?

Semimembranosus

17

Which head of the biceps is more superficial?

The long head

18

Where does the gracilis line and where does it insert?

Medial aspect of the thigh

Proximal aspect of the tibia

19

Does the glut maximus abduct?

No

21

In what movement does the glateus maximus predominate?

Rising from sitting

Walking up stairs

22

What movements does tensor fascia lata facilitate?

Abduction

Flexion

Medial rotation

23

What is the name of the major flexors of the hip?

Psoas major

Iliacus

23

What is distinct about the obturator internus?

It has 2 muscle bodies

24

What is vastus medialis' role in patella positioning?

It prevents the patella displacing laterally

25

What does the tensor fascia lata originate?

Extends from the pelvic girdle above to the iliotbial tract

25

Where do the hamstring originate?

The ischial tuberosity

26

Where do the hamstrings come into walking?

Extension of the hip

27

Name the hamstring muscles

Semimembranosus

Semitendinosus

Biceps femoris (2 heads)

29

What is the origin of the adductor muscles?

The inferior pubic ramus

31

On which aspect of the femur do the adductor muscle insert?

The posterior - on the linea aspera

32

What are the three bones of the hip?

Ischium

Ilium

Pubis

33

What is the difference between the trochanteric line and trochanteric crest?

The trochanteric line is anterior and smooth 

While the trochanteric crest is posterior and rough

34

What are the muscles of the medial compartment of the legs?

The gracilis

The adductor longus

Adductor brevis

Adductor magnus

35

Which spinal curvature is maintained by the iliopsoas muscle?

The lumbar lordosis