Flashcards in Vitals signs Deck (20):
What are the vital signs?
Temperature, pulse, BP, respirations, and pain
How often are vitals assessed in a pt with bp, breathing, or pulse rhythm problems?
What determines this ?
Institutional and agency policies determine how often they are assessed
what is the usual core body temp?
What is the method of measurement?
where are surface temps taken?
tympanic or rectal
sublingual, axilllary, other skin sites like temporal
What controls body temp?
What are the normal vitals for a newborn?
What are normal vitals for 1-3 yo
What are normal vitals for 6-10 yo?
What are normal vitals for 10 Yo
What are normal Vitals for teens
What are normal vitals for adults
What are normal vitals for adults over 75 yo
Give an example of temperature radiation
when the body loses heat by radiating from uncovered surfaces
Give an example of convection
a fan blowing air across a persons uncovered skin causing them to lose temp
Give an example of evaporation
Bod y fluid lost in the form of sweat
Give an example of conduction
body transfers heat to an ice pack causing the ice to melt
Which methods of temp taking are more accurate
oral and temporal and rectal
when does an adult have tachycardia?
less than 60 bpm
irregular pattern of heartbeats
what is a pulse deficit and what does it indicate?
its a difference between the pulse rates between the apical and peripheral pulses
could be circulation issue, heart beat is too weak, ect
What mechanisms control short term blood pressure
Neural and humoral ( body fluids) methods