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Nursing fundamentals > Vitals signs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vitals signs Deck (20):
1

What are the vital signs?

Temperature, pulse, BP, respirations, and pain

2

How often are vitals assessed in a pt with bp, breathing, or pulse rhythm problems?

What determines this ?

About q4h

Institutional and agency policies determine how often they are assessed

3

what is the usual core body temp?

What is the method of measurement?

where are surface temps taken?

97f -99.5f

tympanic or rectal

sublingual, axilllary, other skin sites like temporal

4

What controls body temp?

hypothalamus

5

What are the normal vitals for a newborn?

38.6 (axillary)
80-180 P
30-80 R
73/55 Bp

6

What are normal vitals for 1-3 yo

37.7 Rectal
80-140 P
20-40 R
95/55 BP

7

What are normal vitals for 6-10 yo?

37 oral
75-120 P
15-25 R
95/75 BP

8

What are normal vitals for 10 Yo

37 (oral)
75-110 P
15-25 R
102/80 BP

9

What are normal Vitals for teens

37 Orally
60-100 P
15-20 R
102/80 BP

10

What are normal vitals for adults

37 orally
60-100 P
12-20 R
120/80

11

What are normal vitals for adults over 75 yo

36 oral
60-100 P
15-20 R
120/80 BP

12

Give an example of temperature radiation

when the body loses heat by radiating from uncovered surfaces

13

Give an example of convection

a fan blowing air across a persons uncovered skin causing them to lose temp

14

Give an example of evaporation

Bod y fluid lost in the form of sweat

15

Give an example of conduction

body transfers heat to an ice pack causing the ice to melt

16

Which methods of temp taking are more accurate

oral and temporal and rectal

17

when does an adult have tachycardia?

Bradycardia?

dysrhythmia?

100/180 bpm

less than 60 bpm

irregular pattern of heartbeats

18

what is a pulse deficit and what does it indicate?

its a difference between the pulse rates between the apical and peripheral pulses

could be circulation issue, heart beat is too weak, ect

19

What mechanisms control short term blood pressure

Neural and humoral ( body fluids) methods

20

How much of a rise and fall in blood pressure is significant?

20-30 even within generally the normal range