Vocab words for test 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocab words for test 2 Deck (56):
1

Pruritus

Itching

2

Ischemia

Deficiency of blood in a particular area

3

Cervical vertebrae

7 bones in the spine , c1-c7

4

Thoracic vertebrae

12 bones , t1-t12

5

Lumbar vertebrae

5 bones L1-L5

6

Sacral vertebrae

5 fused bones s1-s5

7

Coccygeal vertebrae

4 fused

8

Coronal plane

divides the body anteriorly and posteriorly

9

Sagittal plane

divides organs into left and right halves

10

Midsagittal plane

divides the body into right and left halves

11

Transverse plane

Divides the body into or organ into upper and lower portions

12

What is an MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging - takes pictures of the body with magnetic waves

13

abdomin/o

abdominal

14

anter/o

front

15

bronch/o

bronchial tubes

16

cervic/o

neck of the body or neck of the uterus (cervix)

17

-ior

pertaining to

18

Chondr/o

cartilage

19

coccyg/o

coccyx

20

-eal

pertaining to

21

crani/o

skull

22

epitheli/o

skin, surface tissue

23

Epi-

upon

24

Theli/o

nipple

25

esophag/o

esophagus

26

hepat/o

liver

27

lapar/o

abdomen

28

Laryng/o

larynx

29

later/o

side

30

lumb/o

loin, waste

31

-ar

pertaining to

32

lymph/o

lymph

33

mediastin/o

mediastinum (space between the lungs)

34

pelv/o

pelvis

35

peritone/o

peritoneum (membrane surrounding the abdominal organs)

36

Ascites

fluid accumulated in the peritoneal cavity from inflammation

37

pharyng/o

throat, pharynx

38

pleur/o

pleura

39

poster/o

back, behind

40

sacr/o

sacrum

41

spin/o

spine

42

thorac/o

chest

43

trache/o

trachea

44

vertebr/o

vertebra

45

What is a CT scan?

a series of cross-sectional x ray images

46

What are the regions of the abdomen staring from the top?

Right hypochondriac, epigastric, left hypochondriac

Right lumbar, umbilical, left lumbar

Right iliac , hypogastric, left iliac

47

what is asepsis?

all activities to prevent infection or break that cain of infection

48

what is medical asepsis?

clean technique, reduce the number and transfer of pathogens

49

What is surgical asepsis?

sterile technique, keep object free of microorganisms

50

what is the term for an infection that takes place in a hospital?

nosocomial

51

what is an infection called when a causative agent is aquired from other people

exogenous

52

What is an infection called when the causative agent comes from microbial life harbored in the person

endogenous

53

What is an infection that is the result of a diagnostic or therapeutic procedure?

iatrogenic

54

what process destroys all pathogens except spores?

disinfection

55

what process destroys all microorganisms including spores?

sterilization

56

bacteriuria

presence of bacteria in urine not due to contamination of a sample