Week 1 - Data in Psycholinguistics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 1 - Data in Psycholinguistics Deck (25)
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1

Define: PSYCHOLINGUISTICS

Explores the relationship between the human mind and language and concerns with the ways in which language is represented and processed in the brain

2

Define: QUANTITATIVE STUDY

An investigation that gathers numerical data that can be used for statistical analysis e.g. response times to a linguistic stimuli

3

Define: QUALITATIVE STUDY

An investigation that gathers non-numerical data e.g. examples of the kinds of language used

4

Define: OFF-LINE TECHNIQUES

Measuring variables related to the subsequent outcomes of processing e.g. speech errors

5

Define: BEHAVIOURAL DEPENDENT VARIABLES

Measurable aspects of an experiment that are related to physical outcomes of the participant e.g. speech errors

6

Define: NEUROPSHYSIOLOGICAL DEPENDENT VARIABLES

Measurable aspects of an experiment that are related to brain activity e.g. fMRI scans

7

What are the three data types?

Observational, Experimental, Self-report

8

Incomplete data relies on...

...context

9

Define: EXPERIMENTAL DATA

Data gathered from experimental studies in which an independent variable is manipulated by a researcher and effects on language processing (DV) are measured

10

Define: OBSERVATIONAL DATA

Derived from recording linguistic behaviour, with no direct manipulation of any variables

11

Define: EXPERIMENTAL DATA

Derived from setting linguistic tests

12

Define: SELF-REPORT

Where a subject describes a linguistic process as they are experiencing it, or shortly afterwards

13

Define: THEORY-DRIVEN

Taking a well-established theory e.g. Chomskyan theory, and attempts to provide evidence of the theory in terms of how people behave

14

Define: DATA-DRIVEN

Examining evidence obtained through observation or experiment and go on to suggest the best way of accounting for it

15

Difference 1 - linguistic vs psycholinguistic data

Linguistic - focus on naturally occurring data
Psycholinguistic - focus on controlled language use

16

Difference 2 - linguistic vs psycholinguistic data

Linguistic - data is typically language as a product
Psycholinguistic - data is typically language as a process

17

Define: COMPETENCE

The implicit knowledge of language rules that enable us to generate an infinite no. of grammatically correct sentences, even if we haven't heard or said them before

18

Define: PERFORMANCE

How one uses the implicit knowledge of language rules

19

Difference 1 - speech vs writing

Speech - spontaneous and less precise
Writing - deliberate and more precise

20

Difference 2 - speech vs writing

Speech - takes place in real time
Writing - can be reviewed

21

Define: PRODUCTIVE PROCESSES

Processes that relate to the ability to produce a NEW language-based stimuli e.g. writing or speaking never before heard utterances

22

Define: RECEPTIVE PROCESSES

Processes that relate to the ability to receive stimuli e.g. reading and listening

23

Define: LOWER LEVEL PROCESSES

Processes that involve the raw data of speech or writing

24

Define: HIGHER LEVEL PROCESSES

Processes that involve shaping the raw data of speech or writing into meaning

25

Define: ON-LINE TECHNIQUES

Measuring variables that tap into language processing as it happens e.g. eye tracking