Week 4: Words and the Lexicon Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 4: Words and the Lexicon Deck (14)
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1

What is the ORTHOGRAPHIC DEFINITION of 'word'?

A (written) word is a string of letters with white space, or punctuation at either end

2

What is the PHONOLOGICAL DEFINITION of 'word'?

A (spoken) word only has one main stress and is bound by pauses

3

What is the SEMANTIC definition of 'word'?

The smallest meaningful form that can occur in isolation

4

Define: LEXEME

A 'headword in a dictionary' - i.e. the basic uninflected form of a word

5

Define: LEXICAL ITEM

One individual form of a lexeme

6

Define: LEMMA

All the inflected realisations of a lexeme

7

Define: THE MENTAL LEXICON

A large, complex and highly organised network that stores entries of 'words'

8

Define: SEMANTIC FIELDS

Conceptual domains that consist of word associations by meaning

9

Define: SEMANTIC NETWORK

Represents semantic relations between concepts in a network to map r connect semantic fields

10

What are the components of a lexical entry?

Orthographic form:
Phonological form:
Morphological form:

Word class:
Phrase structure:

Core meaning:
Differs from meanings of:

11

Define: INFLECTIONAL MORPHOLOGY

Morphemes used to mark grammatical functions and properties

12

Define: DERIVATIONAL MORPHOLOGY

Morphemes that are not required by grammar, but create new lexemes i.e. 'derive' new word classes e.g. 'teach' ---> 'teacher'

13

Define: CONTENT WORDS

Open class words that carry lexical meaning and consist of NOUNS, VERBS, ADJECTIVES, ADVERBS

14

Define: FUNCTION WORDS

Closed class words that carry grammatical meaning and consist of PREPOSITIONS, DETERMINERS, CONJUNCTIONS, PRONOUNS