Flashcards in Week 4: Words and the Lexicon Deck (14)
What is the ORTHOGRAPHIC DEFINITION of 'word'?
A (written) word is a string of letters with white space, or punctuation at either end
What is the PHONOLOGICAL DEFINITION of 'word'?
A (spoken) word only has one main stress and is bound by pauses
What is the SEMANTIC definition of 'word'?
The smallest meaningful form that can occur in isolation
A 'headword in a dictionary' - i.e. the basic uninflected form of a word
Define: LEXICAL ITEM
One individual form of a lexeme
All the inflected realisations of a lexeme
Define: THE MENTAL LEXICON
A large, complex and highly organised network that stores entries of 'words'
Define: SEMANTIC FIELDS
Conceptual domains that consist of word associations by meaning
Define: SEMANTIC NETWORK
Represents semantic relations between concepts in a network to map r connect semantic fields
What are the components of a lexical entry?
Differs from meanings of:
Define: INFLECTIONAL MORPHOLOGY
Morphemes used to mark grammatical functions and properties
Define: DERIVATIONAL MORPHOLOGY
Morphemes that are not required by grammar, but create new lexemes i.e. 'derive' new word classes e.g. 'teach' ---> 'teacher'
Define: CONTENT WORDS
Open class words that carry lexical meaning and consist of NOUNS, VERBS, ADJECTIVES, ADVERBS