WEEK #1 WEEK OF 1/09/12 FFP – Managing Members in Distress, Ch. #1, 2 & 3, Communications Manual Ch. #9, AUC 349, TB – Search, Tools 32 INSTRUCTOR: DC JIM DIDOMENICO Flashcards Preview

Firetech > WEEK #1 WEEK OF 1/09/12 FFP – Managing Members in Distress, Ch. #1, 2 & 3, Communications Manual Ch. #9, AUC 349, TB – Search, Tools 32 INSTRUCTOR: DC JIM DIDOMENICO > Flashcards

Flashcards in WEEK #1 WEEK OF 1/09/12 FFP – Managing Members in Distress, Ch. #1, 2 & 3, Communications Manual Ch. #9, AUC 349, TB – Search, Tools 32 INSTRUCTOR: DC JIM DIDOMENICO Deck (60):
1

1. An officer conducting a drill on the FDNY’s Two-In Two Out Policy was correct in which one of the following statements? (FFP—MMID—Ch 1—1.2, 1.3)
A. No member shall enter, leave or operate in an IDLH atmosphere unless the member teams up with at least one other member and remains within visual or handie-talkie contact with that member
B. Two members must team up prior to entering an IDLH and there must be at least two other members inside the IDLH who are designated as a Safety Team
C. Both members of the team within the IDLH must have a handie-talkie and must be able to contact a handie-talkie equipped member of the Safety Team outside of the IDLH.
D. If a member leaves a contaminated atmosphere, another member using an SCBA, must accompany this member to a safe area

1-D

2

2. A 5 FF Ladder responds to a first floor fire in a 2 story private dwelling at 0300 hours. On arrival, an immediate action (rescue activity) may be taken an individual member, only if a _______? (Choose the one answer with all words used in this FFP) (FFP-MMID-Ch 1-1.4, 2.1.1)
A. Suspected or known life hazard is found
B. Suspected, confirmed, or known life hazard is discovered
C. Visible life hazard is found
D. Known life hazard is found; or Confirmed life hazard is discovered

2-D
If a known life hazard is discovered and immediate action could prevent the loss of life,
appropriate action (rescue activity) may be taken by an individual member. This applies
only for a known life hazard, not for standard search and rescue activity. A known life
hazard is defined as follows:
 A victim can be seen by the rescuer.
 A victim can be heard by the rescuer.
 A member has information from a credible source or a person at the scene indicating
the location of the life hazard.
If such action is taken, the Incident Commander must be immediately notified and
appropriate adjustments made.
Note: In all incidents of such individual action, the Incident Commander shall forward a
report detailing the full particulars to the Chief of Operations. A thorough review of each
of these incidents will be conducted.

3

3. An engine company responding with 3 FF’s and an officer, arrives alone on the scene of a fire on the 2nd floor of a 5-story Old Law Tenement. They would be correct to think that they may take which of the following action(s) and be in compliance with the FDNY Two-In Two Out Policy? (Indicate all correct actions) (FFP—MMID—Ch 1—2.1.1)
A. Conduct a size-up of the scene, transmit a 10-75, and a 10-70 if necessary. Check the serviceability of a hydrant, hook up to that hydrant and charge the pumps
B. Have the Officer and the Nozzle FF enter the IDLH for search without line advancement, while the other 2 FF’s compose the Safety Team
C. Stretch a hoseline to the 2nd floor public hallway, open the apartment door and operate the line on the fire from the apartment doorway only, without line advancement.
D. Have an individual member conduct rescue activity if a confirmed life hazard is discovered

3-A, D
When an “understaffed” Engine or Ladder Company (unit staffed with less than 4
firefighters) is the only unit on the scene, the company shall take a defensive
position. However, if a known life hazard is discovered and immediate action
could prevent the loss of life, appropriate action (rescue activity) may be taken by
an individual member. This applies only for a known life hazard, not for standard
search and rescue activity.
Examples of Defensive Positions, including but not limited to:
 Checking the serviceability of a hydrant
 Hooking up to a hydrant
 Charging the pumps
 Stretching a hoseline to outside the IDLH atmosphere
 Providing medical treatment to victims
 Positioning and raising a Tower/ Aerial/ Portable Ladder
 Conducting a size-up of the scene
 Transmitting the appropriate radio signals

4

4. A 4 FF Engine Company arrives on the scene of a 3rd floor fire in a Brownstone building where there is a suspected life hazard in the fire apartment. As there are no other units on scene, the officer would be correct if he took which action? (FFP—MMID—Ch 1—2.1.1)
A. Entered the apartment for search alone, without line advancement, while the nozzle and backup FF’s composed the Safety Team
B. Entered the apartment for search with the control firefighter, with line advancement by the nozzle and backup FF’s, who composed the Safety Team
C. Entered the apartment for search with the nozzle firefighter, without line advancement, while the backup and control FF’s composed the Safety Team
D. Had the nozzle and backup firefighters enter the apartment for search, without line advancement, while the officer and control firefighter composed the Safety Team

, 4-C
One 4 Firefighter Engine on Scene:
Based on the officer's size up the following options can be considered:
1) The officer and one firefighter enter the IDLH for search without line
advancement while two firefighters compose the Safety Team.
2) Take a defensive position based on conditions encountered

5

5. If a 5 FF ladder company is the only unit on the scene, their Safety Team will be composed of which two firefighters? (FFP—MMID—Ch 1—2.1.1)
A. FE and OV B. FE and LCC C. OV and LCC D. Roof and LCC

5-C!
5 FF Ladder-The Safety Team is composed of the LCC firefighter and the
OV firefighter

6

6. If a 4 FF ladder company is the only unit on the scene, their Safety Team will be composed of which two firefighters? (FFP—MMID—Ch 1—2.1.1)
A. FE and Roof B. FE and LCC C. OV and LCC D. Roof and LCC

6-C or D!
4 FF Ladder- The Safety Team is composed of the LCC firefighter and
outside firefighter designated by the officer.

7

7. If an Engine and a 5 FF ladder company are the only units on the scene, the Safety Team will be composed of which two firefighters? (FFP—MMID—Ch 1—2.1.1)
A. Control and OV B. Control and LCC C. OV and LCC D. Roof and LCC

7-B!
One Engine and One Ladder on Scene:
1) 5 FF Ladder-The Safety Team is composed of the Control firefighter and
the LCC firefighter.
2) 4 FF Ladder- The Safety Team is composed of the Control firefighter and
the LCC firefighter.

8

8. If an Engine and a 4 FF ladder company are the only units on the scene, the Safety Team will be composed of which two firefighters? (FFP—MMID—Ch 1—2.1.1)
A. Control and OV B. Control and LCC C. FE and LCC D. Roof and LCC

, 8-B
8. If an Engine and a 4 FF ladder company are the only units on the scene, the Safety Team will be composed of which two firefighters? (FFP—MMID—Ch 1—2.1.1)
A. Control and OV B. Control and LCC C. FE and LCC D. Roof and LCC

9

9. Regarding the actions of the Safety Team (the two member teams before the FAST unit arrives), it would be correct to state that? (FFP—MMID—Ch 1—2.3, 3.1)
A. Only one member of the Safety Team may engage in their primary duties while assuming the duties of the Safety Team.
B. Once firefighters enter the IDLH both members of the Safety Team must account for firefighters inside the IDLH without performing other duties?
C. At least one member of the Safety Team must be positioned outside the IDLH
D. The Safety team must insure that the IC is notified that the Safety Team is entering the IDLH to render assistance

, 9-D
2.3 Designated members of the Safety Team are to engage in their primary duties while
assuming the duties of the Safety Team. Once firefighters enter the IDLH, one member
of the Safety Team must account for firefighters inside the IDLH without performing
other duties
3.1 The Safety Team shall be positioned outside the IDLH atmosphere and:
 Monitor handie-talkie transmissions for calls for assistance from members operating
in an IDLH atmosphere, mayday, or urgent transmissions, and transmissions from
interior teams that are not being acknowledged.
 Be prepared to enter the IDLH atmosphere to render assistance if required.
 Be prepared to transmit necessary mayday or urgent handie-talkie message if an
interior team needs immediate assistance.
 Ensure that the Incident Commander is notified that the Safety Team is entering the
IDLH atmosphere if necessary.

10

10. Ladder 99 responds as the FAST Unit to a 10-77 for a fire on the 24th floor of a Fireproof High Rise MD. While responding the IC transmits a 2nd alarm due to auto exposure creating heavy fire on the 24th & 25th floors. On arrival, the officer of Ladder 99 would be most correct to have the FAST Unit report to and stage (Ch 2—3.1)
A. Near the Fire Floor Sector Supervisor, and send one EFAS trained member to a Battalion vehicle on scene to monitor the EFAS and the FAST Radio
B. Near the Incident Command Post, and send one EFAS trained member to a Battalion vehicle on scene to monitor the EFAS and the FAST Radio
C. Near the Fire Floor Sector Supervisor, and send one EFAS trained member with the FAST Radio to the Incident Command Post to monitor the FAST Radio
D. At the Incident Command Post, and send one EFAS trained member to a Battalion or Division vehicle to monitor the FAST Radio

10-B
3.1 The FAST Unit shall report to and stage near the Incident Command Post (ICP), within
verbal contact, at a position from which they can be readily deployed. An Electronic
Fireground Accountability System (EFAS) trained member of the FAST Unit shall report
to a Battalion vehicle on scene to monitor the EFAS and the FAST Radio.
However, the IC may assign the FAST Unit to stage at a location other than the ICP,
based on the type of building units are operating, e.g. High Rise Office Building. Units
shall operate in accordance with established guidelines on FAST Unit staging at different
building types.

11

11. The FAST Unit Officer would be correct to know that the FAST Officer’s duties include how many of the following points? (Ch 2—2.2, 4.1, 4.2, 4.5, 4.6)
1. Announce the arrival of the Fast Unit over the handie-talkie
2. Report to the Incident Command Post, unless otherwise directed by the IC
3. Bring an up to date copy of the response ticket to the ICP
4. Upon reporting to the ICP, verify that the IC is aware of the unit’s presence and designation as FAST, and if staffed with 4 FF’s, inform the IC they are understaffed
5. Obtain a briefing from the IC, and relay the information to the members of the FAST Unit as to the fire location, tactics implemented, and the location of operating units
A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4 E. 5

11-D

4.1 The officer of the FAST Unit shall announce their arrival on the scene over the handie-talkie
and report to the ICP, unless otherwise directed by the Incident Commander.
4.2 Upon arrival, the FAST officer shall verify that the IC is aware of the unit’s presence and
designation as FAST. If assigned by the IC to other than FAST duties, the FAST officer
shall REMIND the IC of their FAST designation.

4.5 The FAST officer should bring an up to date copy of the response ticket to the ICP which
would include any CIDS information that is available.
4.6 The FAST officer shall get a briefing from the IC, and relay the information to the
members of the FAST Unit as to the following:
 Fire location
 Tactics implemented
 Location of operating units

12

12. Ladder 125 is the Fast Unit at a 10-75 when they are put to work to locate a missing member. In this situation, which one of the following communications would be correct for them to utilize while operating? (Ch 2—4.3, 4.4)
A. L-125 Fast to L-125-OV C. L-125 Fast OV to Engine 298
B. L-125 Fast OV to L-125-Fast Roof D. L-125 Fast Officer to Command

12-C

13

13. At the Roll Call, the ladder officer must assign a member to be responsible for the Fast Pak and an EFAS trained member to monitor? (Ch 2—5.1)
A. Only EFAS for the duration of the incident, even if the FAST Unit is given an assignment
B. Only EFAS for the duration of the incident, unless the FAST Unit is given an assignment
C. Both EFAS and the Battalion Fast radio for the duration of the incident, even if the FAST Unit is given an assignment
D. Both EFAS and the Battalion Fast radio for the duration of the incident, unless the FAST Unit is given an assignment

13-C
Note: Whether EFAS trained or not, the FAST Unit member assigned to monitor
EFAS and/or the FAST Radio shall remain in the Battalion vehicle, even if
the FAST Unit is given an assignment, until relieved.

14

14. You are a Ladder Officer responding to a 10-75 for a fire in a pizzeria on the 1st floor of an Old Law Tenement building. A Mayday is transmitted for a lost member. In this situation, which operational tactic would be incorrect for you to consider using when deployed to find the lost member? (Ch 2—7.2, 7.3, 7.4)
A. Use a two sided approach—have the search team make access via the interior and the removal team obtain access via the exterior
B. While the search team makes entry to locate, package and remove the member, stage the removal team at the store entrance to assist as needed,
C. Order the FAST unit to remain intact. They should not split up into teams when dealing with any commercial or complex building
D. If a life-threatening situation requires it, reposition a portable ladder that is in place against the building, only if a notification is made to the members operating in that area

14-C

15

15. A Fast Unit has been deployed to locate a missing member. When the Fast Unit arrives at the location of the distressed member, the transmitting member of the FAST Unit should first? (Ch 2—7.6)
A. Depress the Emergency Alert Button on their own handie-talkie as this will identify the transmitting member on EFAS and the FAST radio. Then provide the IC or FAST Group Supervisor with the required information.
B. Notify the IC that the distressed member’s EAB will be activated for positive confirmation via EFAS. Then depress the Emergency Alert Button on the distressed member’s handie-talkie as this will identify the distressed member on EFAS and the FAST radio.

15-A

16

16. In addition to the normally assigned ladder company tools, which of the following pieces of equipment should the FAST Unit ALWAYS report in with? (Indicate all the correct choices) (Ch 2—8)
A. FAST Pak E. Elevator Keys
B. Search Rope F. Forcible Entry Saw
C. Life Saving Rope / Life Belt G. Rebar Cutter
D. Stokes Basket with long backboard H. 2:1 Rope

16-A, B, D, H

17

17. A Battalion Chief conducting drill on FF Removal procedures was incorrect when he stated that? (Ch 3—1.3, 1.4, 3.1)
A. A Company Officer should never get physically involved in a FF Removal operation
B. In all cases, a member should be positioned at the downed members head
C. At times, fire conditions may be so severe that immediate removal of the distressed firefighter is critical, even with a spinal injury
D. Once the member is out of immediate danger, immediately begin to assess their “ABC” status and treat as necessary
E. Members removed from an area of immediate danger, should be secured to a backboard or stokes basket prior to be moved any further

17-A
3.1 Unless there is no one else available the Company Officer should not get physically
involved in the operation.

18

18. Whether or not the removal of a distressed member involves a conscious or unconscious member, the order of priorities are? (Ch 3—4.1)
1. Fire / Environment
2. Removal
3. Immediate Medical Care
4. Air
A. 1, 2, 3, 4 B. 1, 4, 3, 2 C. 2, 3, 4, 1 D. 1, 2, 4, 3

18-B
FAIR

19

19. The air supply of the member needs to be assessed whether the member is conscious or unconscious. An officer conducting drill on FF Removal procedures was correct concerning which point he made regarding air supply? (Ch 3—3.1.9, 7.2, 7.4, 7.6, 7.7)
A. Once the member is located, a FAST-Pak must be called for immediately, unless the member has sufficient air
B. If the condition of the distressed member’s SCBA is in doubt, provide air via the high pressure system
C. If unable to determine if an unconscious member has air or not, supply the member with air.
D. Always use the facepiece with the FAST-Pak, in lieu of the member's facepiece
E. Call for an additional FAST-Pak only if the first FAST-Pak looks like it might be completely used

19-C

Call for an additional FAST Pak if the first is placed into operation.

If the condition of the distressed member’s SCBA is in doubt DO NOT provide air via the high pressure system.

Once the member is located, a FAST Pak must be called for immediately, regardless of
whether the member has air or not

Use the downed member’s facepiece, unless it is damaged or missing, instead of the
facepiece with the FAST Pak.

20

20. Members of a FAST Unit locate a downed member who was reported missing and are trying to determine if the member has air or not. Which of the ways indicated below may be used to determine if the member has air? (Ch 3—7.6)
1. Turn the members purge valve to listen for air flow
2. Break the facepiece seal from the members face to listen for escaping air
3. Look at the cylinder gauge of the downed members SCBA
A. 1, 2 B. 1, 3 C. 2, 3 D. 1, 2, 3

20-A
If unable to determine if an unconscious member has air or not, supply the member with
air. There are three ways to determine whether the member has air:
 Turn the purge valve. If there is air, the flow will be heard.
 If the facepiece is on, break the seal between the member’s face and facepiece and
listen for air escaping.
 Look at the remote gauge of the downed member.

21

21. Once an unconscious member is supplied with air, members should turn the distressed FF’s purge valve _______ open to allow a constant flow of air? (Ch 3—7.9)
A. One-Third B. Half-way C. Three-quarters D. Fully

21-B

22

22. Once the member in distress is located and proper radio transmissions have been made, the member needs to be identified to ensure it is the member originally reported in distress. For a conscious member, ascertain their name, assignment, and unit working in that tour. For an unconscious member, it would be incorrect to consider which tactics? (Ch 3—10.1.1, 10.1.2)
A. After first notifying the IC of your intention, depress the EAB of the member in distress to identify them on the EFAS.
B. If unable to activate the distressed members EAB, key the mic on the distressed members HT to obtain their identity on the EFAS.
C. Position the member on their left side to provide access to the name on their bunker coat, their PRA identification number, their helmet frontpiece, and the engraved ID on the side of the HT.
D. An unconscious members tools may indicate the member’s assigned position.

22-C
right side

23

23. A member can be removed both vertically and horizontally if they are? (Ch 3—Add 1—1.13, 2.14, Add 2—2.1, Add 3—3.4)
1. Packaged by converting the SCBA into a harness using the through the leg method
2. Packaged by converting the SCBA into a harness using the personal harness leg straps
3. Removed by use of the Drag Rescue Device
4. Removed by use of Nylon Tubular Webbing attached to a FF’s body or SCBA
A. 1, 2 B. 1, 2, 3 C. 1, 2, 4 D. 1, 3, 4 E. 2, 3, 4

23-A

24

24. A company officer conducting drill was incorrect in which one of the following points concerning packaging? (11.1—11.4)
A. In most situations, packaging an unconscious member will be required for removal
B. Packaging a conscious member is not always required for removal
C. If possible, position the member so that their front is facing toward the direction of removal prior to starting the packaging process
D. The member(s) who first find an unconscious member or one who is unable to assist in their own removal must start the packaging process

24-C

11.4 If possible, position the member so that their back is facing toward the direction of
removal prior to starting the packaging process.

25

1. You are the officer of the Ventilation Support Group Company assigned to respond to an incident with your Positive Pressure Fans. During the operation of the fans, you would be incorrect to use which one of the following designations when communicating with members in the group? (6.1)
A. “Vent Group Officer”—for the officer
B. “Vent Group Lobby Unit”—for members assigned to operate the fans in the lobby
C. “Vent Group Fire Unit”—for members assigned to operate the fans 3 floors below the fire floor
D. “Vent Group Roof”—for the member assigned to the roof

1-A

The officer shall be designated as the “Vent Group
Supervisor”.

26

2. As a fire develops and heat increases, the fire will pressurize the area that it occupies and this higher pressure will move towards lower pressure areas. Positive Pressure Fans (PPF) mechanically create areas of slightly higher pressure to contain these fire gases and control the flow path of smoke. Regarding these PPF operations, it would be incorrect to state that?
(6.2, 6.3, 6.4)
A. The Ventilation Support Group Supervisor shall inform the IC of the recommended placement of the PPF’s
B. If necessary, positive pressure fans may be left unattended once they are operating properly
C. Stairwell pressurization will not be initiated until authorized by the IC
D. If negative results are encountered when using PPF’s, discontinue pressurization by throttling down fans to idle and closing the door to the stairwell that the fan is pressurizing.

2-B
6.4 PPFs in operation should never be left unattended; a radio-equipped member must
continually monitor each operating fan.

27

3. The priority order for the use of Positive Pressure Fans is: (6.5)
1. Pressurizing the attack stairwell to support the fire attack
2. Pressurizing the evacuation stairwell for smoke and CO control
3. Ventilating the public hallways for smoke and CO control
A. 1, 2, 3 B. 1, 3, 2 C. 2, 1, 3 D. 2, 3, 1

3-A

28

4. The Ladder Officer of the Vent Support Group arrives on the scene of a 2nd alarm (10-77), with a wind driven fire on the 7th floor of a 10 story Fireproof MD. The IC requests he pressurizes the attack stairwell. The boss should know that the optimum placement of the PPF would be directly facing the door to the stairwell? (7.2)
A. 3-5 feet from the attack stair door on the ground floor, on an angle tilt of 60 degrees.
B. 4-6 feet from the attack stair door on the ground floor, on an angle tilt of 60 degrees.
C. 4-6 feet from the attack stair door on the ground floor, on an angle tilt of 80 degrees.
D. 4-6 feet from the attack stair door on the 4th floor, on an angle tilt of 80 degrees.

4-C

7.2 The ability of the fans to produce positive pressure relies on proper fan placement to
create a seal and push air into the stairwell. Pushing fresh air into the area that needs to
be pressurized or ventilated is the preferred method of positive pressure ventilation. The
optimum placement of the PPF is 4 to 6 feet from the attack stairway door on the ground
floor and directly facing the door to the stairwell at an angle tilt of 80 degrees. This
placement in front of the doorway will create the proper seal at the stairwell inlet. The 80
degree angle tilt can be achieved by using the tilt angle index holes on the base on the fan
frame. There are 5 tilt positions operated by a foot pedal. The fan shall be positioned to
blow into the stairwell; it should not be placed in the stairwell. Placing the fan in the
stairwell does not create any pressure in the stairwell. It may create higher CO levels and
negative stack effect by pulling smoke and heat down the stairwell.

29

5. The Vent Group Supervisor operating PPF’s at a 10-77 in a High Rise Multiple Dwelling would be correct to think that during operation of the PPF’s? (7.3)
A. The pressure delivered to the attack stair by the PPF will be great enough to allow for up to 4 stairwell doors to be open and pressurization remain effective
B. If a line is stretched through a stairwell door, that stairwell door should be closed as much as possible to maintain positive pressure
C. Vent Group members should be instructed to survey the attack stairs above and below the fire floor to verify that doors in the stair enclosure remain closed
D. One fan can provide the proper pressure in a stairwell up to 20 stories depending on conditions, and two fans will properly pressurize a 40 story building when properly positioned.

5-B

The pressure delivered to the attack stair by the PPF will be great enough to allow for
up to THREE stairwell doors to be open and pressurization to remain effective.

The ventilation support group supervisor shall instruct ventilation group members to
survey the attack stairs below the fire floor to verify that doors in the stair enclosure
are maintained closed, unless operating hoselines are stretched through the door.

Research and field experience has proved that one fan can provide the proper
pressure in the stairwell up to 10 stories depending on conditions, and two fans will
pressurize a 40 story building when properly positioned

30

6. In most situations, in order to maintain pressure in a stairwell that is being pressurized, doors must remain closed in those stairwells, including the bulkhead door. However, if there is an extreme smoke condition in the attack or evacuation stairwell, ventilation of that stairwell by the opening of the bulkhead door after stairwell pressurization has begun (“burping the bulkhead”), may be done by the IC by? (7.4)
A. Ordering the stair bulkhead door opened, until smoke clears, (for approx. 30 seconds)
B. Ordering the stair bulkhead door opened, until smoke clears, (for approx. 45 seconds)
C. Ordering the stair bulkhead door opened, until smoke clears, (for approx. 60 seconds)
D. The IC should never order the bulkhead door opened for ventilation purposes only during pressurization, unless members or civilians are in distress in a stairwell

6-C

31

7. The main body of fire has been extinguished on the 15th floor of a 20-story High Rise MD but there are high CO readings and heavy smoke conditions that are not lifting. The IC then decides to perform “Sequential Ventilation” using PPF’s for the public hallways on 15th and 16th floors. Regarding the performance of Sequential Ventilation in this situation it would be incorrect to state that? (8.1, 8.2)
A. Placement of a PPF for sequential ventilation shall be at the base of the evacuation stairwell, on the exterior of the building with exhaust hoses in place
B. The bulkhead in the evacuation stairwell shall remain closed.
C. The bulkhead in the attack stairwell shall be opened
D. The attack and evacuation stairwell doors shall be opened to cross vent the affected floor vertically up the attack stair and out of the attack stair bulkhead.
E. After venting the 16th floor, then vent the 15th floor in a similar manner.

7-E

Start at the lowest point of contamination and work
towards the top of the building.

32

8. If CO levels are in the range of 0 - ______ ppm, gasoline powered PPF’s will not significantly reduce those levels during sequential ventilation due to the CO emissions produced by the fans? (8.2)
A. 60 B. 80 C. 100 D. 120

8-A

33

9. Units extinguish fire in a large commercial building where the sprinkler system held the fire in check. There is now a heavy smoke condition that the IC wants to remove using PPF’s to “mechanically ventilate” the large area through an exhaust opening in the area where the fire was. The IC should find an inlet to the building opposite the exhaust opening that will allow the fans to push fresh air into the structure. The fans need to make a seal at this inlet as they push fresh air into the building. Regarding this operation, the units implementing it should know which point to be correct? (9.2)
A. The fans should be set back the normal 4’-6’ used for stairwells.
B. The angle of the fan shroud should be 80 degrees.
C. A rule of thumb is that the exhaust opening should be half the size of the opening where the PPF is placed
D. The lower the exhaust opening, the better.

9-D

The higher the exhaust opening
the better.

34

10. “Negative pressurization” is the process of creating a lower pressure within a structure using a ladder company’s electric box fan. When using this fan to remove contaminated air from a structure, it would be incorrect to state that? (10.1, 10.2)
A. The box fan should be hung in a window or doorway as high as possible
B. Salvage tarps should be used to create a seal around a hung, operating fan
C. If tarps are not available or the box fan can not be hung, position the fan inside the contaminated area facing the exhaust opening 6’-8’ back and tilted up at an angle of approximately 45 degrees
D. The fan should be operated in the exhaust mode

10-C
Note: An alternate method, when tarps are not available or the box fan can not be hung,
is to position the fan inside the contaminated area facing the exhaust opening 6 to 8 feet
back and tilted up at an angle of approximately 30 degrees.

35

1. An officer conducting drill on the concept of “flow path” was incorrect in which one of the following statements? (Glossary)
A. Flow path is the movement of heat and smoke from the higher air pressure within the fire area to all other lower air pressure areas both inside & outside of a fire building
B. It is common for a ventilation opening in a fire building to act simultaneously as an inlet for fresh air (via a flow path at the top of the opening) and as an exhaust vent for heat, smoke and fire (via a flow path at the bottom of the opening)
C. Every opening in a building made during fire operations not only creates a new flow path but also has an impact on existing flow paths
D. A ventilation limited fire (oxygen deprived) is usually indicated by heavy black smoke

1-B

36

2. The officer continued, but made a mistake in which point below? (Glossary)
A. Whenever the door to the fire area is opened, oxygen is being provided
B. Any open window is always a low air pressure vent point that will become a flow path if not isolated from the fire area
C. Members performing VES through a window should conduct a search of the room after isolating the room from the flow path (by closing the door to the room).
D. After isolating and searching the room entered via a window, the member should then sweep the area outside the door to the room for possible victims

2-D

37

3. A ventilation limited fire is one where the heat release rate or growth of the fire is being slowed because the fire is consuming the available oxygen and no new oxygen is entering the fire area. Regarding the burning rate & smoke production in these situations, it would be correct to state that hydrocarbon based products burn at? (Glossary)
A. Twice the rate as ordinary combustibles and generate twice the smoke production
B. Twice the rate as ordinary combustibles and generate 4-10 times the smoke production
C. 4 times the rate as ordinary combustibles and generate twice the smoke production
D. 4 times the rate as ordinary combustibles & generate 4-10 times the smoke production

3-B

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4. Which of the following statements is / are accurate as per the Search TB? (2.2, 7.2)
1. “Horizontal ventilation in the fire area should not occur until a charged hoseline is in position and operating on the fire, or approval is given by the Ladder Company Officer in the area or apartment.”
2. A secondary search shall be completed before any overhauling of the fire area is attempted.
A. 1 B. 2 C. Both 1 and 2 D. Neither 1 or 2

4-A

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5. The primary search for life should start immediately upon entry to? (9.3)
1. The fire area or fire apartment
2. Areas adjacent to the fire area (e.g.—adjoining apartment on fire floor)
3. Area’s (floors) above the fire area (e.g.—apartment directly above fire apartment)
A. 1 B. 1, 2 C. 1, 3 D. 2, 3 E. 1, 2, 3

5-D

6.4 The search for life in the areas adjacent to or above the fire area/floor, should start
immediately upon entering the area, followed by searching for the extension of fire. Any
extension should be immediately reported to the IC.

40

At 0300 hours, Ladder 99 arrives as the 1st Ladder Company at a 5th floor fire in apartment 5E of a 6-story H-type building. When arriving at the scene, the officer is told by neighbors that there may be an elderly couple inside the apartment.
6. In this situation, the determining factor as to whether the door to the fire apartment will remain open or closed while the primary search is conducted is based on? (4.3, 9.10)
A. The ventilation profile of the fire conditions from the exterior
B. The stage of fire development and the effects that any ventilation may have on it
C. If the engine has a charged line & is ready to advance into the fire area / occupancy
D. Whether the report of a life hazard is suspected or confirmed

6-C

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At 0300 hours, Ladder 99 arrives as the 1st Ladder Company at a 5th floor fire in apartment 5E of a 6-story H-type building. When arriving at the scene, the officer is told by neighbors that there may be an elderly couple inside the apartment.

7. Ladder 99’s officer decides to leave the apartment door closed during the primary search of the fire apartment. In this situation, it would be accurate to state that? (9.10.1B)
A. One member, the officer or a FF, must be positioned at the fire apartment door
B. The member positioned at the door can be either inside or outside the door, depending on conditions.
C. A small tool, such as a halligan, should be left outside the closed doorway to indicate which apartment is being searched
D. The Ladder Officer must notify the Engine Officer & the IC of the decision to close the door and the identity of the fire apartment
E. An Engine Company Officer reaching the apartment door with a charged hoseline must notify the Ladder Company Officer immediately after opening the apartment door

7-D

A firefighter of the interior team must be
positioned at the door inside the fire area to maintain control of the door until
a charged hoseline is ready to advance through that door

The interior team shall leave the hydraulic forcible entry tool
outside the doorway to indicate the apartment they are searching

42

At 0300 hours, Ladder 99 arrives as the 1st Ladder Company at a 5th floor fire in apartment 5E of a 6-story H-type building. When arriving at the scene, the officer is told by neighbors that there may be an elderly couple inside the apartment.

8. Ladder 100 arrives on scene and proceeds to the 5th floor and is ready to go above the fire to search apartment 6E on the 6th floor. They would be correct to be guided by which points below? (10.2, 10.3, 10.5)
1. Prior to proceeding above, they notify either the ladder officer or the engine officer on the fire floor
2. Once determined they can safely access the 6th floor, they immediately get up and off the interior stairs
3. On the 6th floor, they force the door to apartment 6F, leaving the door slightly open and unlocked, to ensure an area of refuge in case conditions deteriorate
A. 2 B. 1, 2 C. 2, 3 D. 1, 3 E. 1, 2, 3

8-A

Prior to proceeding above the fire, notification must be made to officers on the fire floor.
Acknowledgement of this message must be received before proceeding above.

If an area of refuge is to be made, ensure that the door is closed
and unlocked, so as not to create an additional flow path for smoke, heat and fire.

43

9. While searching apartment 6E, the L-100 Officer hears the following message over the HT “Urgent-Engine 101 to Command-Water Loss, We lost water on the fire floor due to a burst length. One room is knocked down, one more fully involved room to go” In this situation, the officer of Ladder 100 would be correct to think the inside team of Ladder 100 should? (10.6)
A. Continue searching for fire extension only if there is a charged line on the 6th floor
B. Immediately order all members on the 6th floor to an adjoining apartment, the area of refuge that they secured.
C. Immediately order all members on the 6th floor to the 5th floor or the 4th floor
D. Immediately order all members on the 6th floor to seek refuge in an adjoining wing

9-C

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10. If the interior stairs down to the street are not usable for victim removal, the preferential order of removal would then be? (13.2)
A. Fire Escape, Horizontal Exits, Ladders, Life Saving Rope
B. Fire Escape, Ladders, Horizontal Exits, Life Saving Rope
C. Horizontal Exits, Ladders, Fire Escape, Life Saving Rope
D. Horizontal Exits, Fire Escape, Ladders, Life Saving Rope

10-D

"I have five little rats"

45

11. An officer conducting drill on the rescue of victims stated that most fire victims found during primary searches are usually found (Select ALL the correct points)? (13.3)
A. Within the area of fire origin
B. In a path leading from the area of fire origin towards an exit
C. In the apartment directly above the fire in a fireproof multiple dwelling
D. On the top floor of a fireproof multiple dwelling
E. In hallways and stairways in a non-fireproof multiple dwelling

11-A, B

13.3 Most fire victims found during primary searches are usually found in these areas:
 Within the area of fire origin.
 In a path leading from the area of fire origin towards an exit.
 In the apartment or occupancy directly above the fire in non-fireproof multiple
dwellings.
 On the top floor of non-fireproof multiple dwellings.
 In hallways and stairways in fireproof multiple dwellings.

46

1. Members are under the immediate supervision of an officer when they are? (9.2.1)
(Choose all the correct choices)
A. Within sight of the Officer
B. Within hearing of the Officer
C. Working with a search line or hose line under the supervision of an Officer
D. HT equipped or working with a HT equipped member

1-A, B, C

47

2. A Roof FF under the functional supervision of a Ladder Officer tries to contact the Officer via HT to inform the Boss that he left the fire building roof and is now operating on the Exposure 2 Roof. However, because the FF is unable to make contact with the Officer, the most correct communications for the Roof FF would then be? (9.2.2B)
A. The first priority is to attempt to contact the LCC, who would then advise the IC as soon as possible of the Roof FF status
B. The second priority is to attempt to contact the IC, who would then advise the Ladder Officer as soon as possible of the Roof FF status

2-B

If contact cannot be made with their Company Officer, they shall contact
(in this priority) their Company Chauffeur, the Incident Commander or
any other HT equipped member advising such member that contact cannot
be made with their Officer. Any of the foregoing who are so contacted
must advise the member’s Officer as soon as possible.

48

3. The transmission of a Mayday indicates that a life-threatening situation has developed. The transmission of an Urgent indicates that a member has suffered a serious injury—that is not immediately life-threatening OR to inform members of a serious change in conditions. When transmitting either a Mayday or an Urgent, it would be incorrect to state that? (9.4, 9.4.1, 9.4.2)
A. If possible, members shall press the Emergency Alert Button to ensure their message gets transmitted at maximum wattage, before giving their Mayday or Urgent message
B. Whenever the EAB has been pressed and / or a Mayday or Urgent has been transmitted, all HT communications on the frequency are to cease except those between the member initiating the emergency transmission and the IC
C. After a Mayday or Urgent message is acknowledged, the member can deactivate the Emergency Alert Tone if the “Beacon” tone is no longer required
D. If a member is directed to switch to Channel 16 by the IC, the EAB button should be pressed again to reactivate the “Beacon” tone

3-D

49

4. After transmitting the initial “Mayday-Mayday-Mayday, Engine 99 to Command , Mayday” and being acknowledged by the IC who states “Command to Engine 99, go ahead with your Mayday” which of the following would / could be correct Mayday transmissions? (Select all of the correct choices) (Pgs 9-4 thru 9-12)
A. Mayday-Injured Member E. Mayday-Water Loss
B. Mayday-Unconscious Member F. Mayday-Missing Member
C. Mayday-Collapse Feared G. Mayday-Member Lost
D. Mayday-Collapse has Occurred H. Mayday-Member Trapped

4-A, B, D, F, G, H

50

5. The Fast Unit—L99, is deployed at a 2nd alarm fire in a commercial building by the IC to locate a missing member from L100. While searching for the member, the OV from Ladder 99, working off of a search rope locates the missing member in the rear of the commercial occupancy. In this situation, the OV should transmit? (Pg 9-7, 9-8)
A. An Urgent message to the IC, then when acknowledged state “Urgent—Missing Member Found”
B. An Urgent message to the IC, then when acknowledged state “Urgent—Missing Member Located”
C. A Mayday message to the IC, then when acknowledged state “Mayday—Missing Member Found”
D. A Mayday message to the IC, then when acknowledged state “Mayday—Missing Member Located”
E. A radio message (non-emergency mode) to the IC indicating that the member has been located

5-D

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6. An officer conducting drill on Mayday and Urgent transmissions was incorrect in which point that he stated? (Pgs 9-3 thru 9-8) A. A Roll Call is required for the Mayday situations “Collapse Imminent” and “Collapse has occurred” B. A Roll Call is required for the Urgent situations “Interior Attack Discontinued” and “Water Loss” when units are backed out of exposed areas C. A member transmitting a Mayday for “Member Lost” or “Member Trapped” shall, if possible, activate their Pass Alarm immediately after they activate their EAB. D. Whenever any Mayday is resolved, the IC shall notify all units that the Mayday has been resolved and that normal operations may resume

6-C

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7. Engine 99 arrives first on the scene of a 10-75 in Queens in a 5-story OLT building with Ladder 100 and Battalion 70 arriving seconds later. As the ECC backstretches to the only hydrant on the block, he finds the hydrant is unserviceable. In this situation, which action(s) are correctly indicated? (Pg 9-10) A. The ECC should press his EAB and then contact the IC stating “Urgent, Urgent, Urgent, Engine 99 Chauffeur to Command, Urgent” B. After the IC acknowledges, the ECC should state “Urgent-Water Loss” C. The IC shall then transmit exactly to the Borough Dispatcher “Battalion 70 to Queens” and when acknowledged, state exactly to the dispatcher “Transmit a 10-70” D. When a positive water source has been attained, the IC shall announce this to all units over the HT and inform the Borough Dispatcher as well

7-A, D

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8. Units are operating at a 2nd alarm fire in a commercial building when the words “MaydayMayday-Mayday—Ladder 99 to Command, Mayday” crackle over the HT barely heard by an Engine Officer, the Ladder 99 OV, the FAST Irons FF who is monitoring EFAS, and the FAST Officer. Realizing that the Mayday message is not being acknowledged by the IC, the most appropriate action would be for? (9.4.4B) A. The Engine Officer to call the IC and indicate that a Mayday was transmitted B. The Ladder 99 OV to acknowledge the signal and ascertain the nature of it C. The FAST Irons FF monitoring EFAS to acknowledge the signal and ascertain the nature D. The FAST Officer to immediately notify the Resources Unit Leader of the unacknowledged signal

8-C

9.4.4 In order to ensure that the IC receives these messages; the following guidelines
shall be adhered to:
A. The member who initiates the Emergency Alert Tone followed by a
“MAYDAY" OR "URGENT" transmission must repeat the message until it
is acknowledged by the IC.
B. Any Officer or Safety Team member hearing the Emergency Alert Tone
followed by a "MAYDAY" or "URGENT" message and realizing that it is
not being acknowledged by the IC, must initiate the following:
1. Acknowledge signal and ascertain nature.
2. Promptly relay all information to the IC.

54

9. The IC in Command of a 3rd Alarm decides to utilize the Emergency Alert Tone Assisted Rescue procedure to attempt to locate a lost member. In this situation, it would be correct to consider which action(s)? (9.5.1—9.5.6) A. A new primary tactical channel must be designated for all members except the one member designated to produce the emergency alert tone. B. The lost member should be instructed to increase their HT volume setting in order to achieve maximum volume of the tone C. The Emergency Alert Button should be pressed only once to initiate the emergency alert tone. Then let the emergency alert tone automatically repeat. The tone should continue until the definite location of the member has been determined D. The designated member producing the tone should be located in proximity to the search activity to insure coordination when pressing the EAB

9-A

This procedure takes advantage of the increased wattage of the Emergency Alert Tone and maximum volume output regardless of the missing member’s volume setting,
and requires only one handie talkie.

Designated member should be located remote from search activity to avoid
confusion among searchers.

The Emergency Alert Button is pressed every few seconds to transmit the
emergency alert tone and then pausing, allowing for the possibility of
response from the missing, lost, or trapped member.



55

10. A. Which of the following points concerning communications is correct? (9.5.10, 9.7) A) When performing Feedback Assisted Rescue, two HT speakers should be held one to two inches apart and the transmitting button of both HT’s depressed B. The HT has a time-out-timer which cuts off the transmitter after 60 seconds of continuous operation C. The Primary Subway Repeater channel is Channel 15 D.Post radios may prove unreliable when communicating to below grade locations

10-D

Note: Feedback Assisted Rescue may be used in a similar manner. This procedure
utilizes handie talkie feedback noise in order to home in on the location of missing,
lost, or trapped members.
Feedback is created by the designated member as follows:
A. Member is assigned two (2) HT's.
B. HT’s are placed on channel which missing member was operating.
C. Transmitting button of one HT is pressed.
D. The HT speakers are held one to two inches apart. This distance will
produce the loudest high pitch feedback tone. (The feedback created by
these two HT's will be transmitted to other HT's on the same frequency as
far as a mile away).
The HT is equipped with a "time-out-timer" which cuts off the transmitter after 30
seconds of continuous operation to eliminate the "stuck button" problem. The
member designated to produce the feedback will have to release the Push-to-Talk
button momentarily every 30 seconds to re-key the transmitter.


Channel 14 (Primary Subway Repeater
Channel) or Channel 15 (Secondary Subway Repeater Channel). See AUC 207, Add 16.

56

11 In addition to Ladder Companies, which other units shall answer an Emergency Roll Call as per Ladder Company position assignments? (Add 2—1.5) A. Rescue Companies B. Squad & Rescue Companies C. Rescue Companies and Haz-Mat Tech Units D. No other unit answers as a Ladder Company

11-A

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12. An Officer accounting for members of his / her unit during a Roll Call should account for members under their immediate supervision , and the Roll Call Officer will only account for the remaining members of that unit under functional supervision. A. Agree or D. Disagree

12-D

4.7 Companies will be called individually. When called, company officers will account for
the firefighters of their company that are within sight or hearing without using the HT.

4.8 After receiving a reply from the company officer, the RCO will then call the remaining
members of that company. The company officer may be heavily engaged in operations
and completely encapsulated in PPE, making communications difficult.

58

13 You are a Lieutenant that has just arrived at a 10-75 for fire on the first floor of a two story commercial building where the IC just ordered units to withdraw as he is switching to an exterior attack. Because you are the only available officer, he asks you to conduct an Emergency Roll Call. In this situation, you should be aware? (Add 2--4.1—4.4) A. You need an up to date printout of all units on scene. An updated printout can be accessed only from a Battalion or Division’s MDT B. You will be the “Roll Call Officer”, and you must be assisted by another member who monitors the HT and records the Roll Call results on the Emergency Roll Call form C. Every unit has a pad of pre-printed Emergency Roll Call forms—used to track members during a Roll Call D. The Roll Call Officer and assistant should remain in close proximity (within verbal contact) of the ICP

13-B

4.1 The member conducting the emergency roll call must have an updated list of all
companies on the scene. An updated printout can be accessed from any apparatus MDT
on the scene, as follows:

4.2 The member conducting the emergency roll call will be known as the Roll Call Officer
(RCO). The RCO must be assisted by another member who is responsible for monitoring
the HT frequency that the emergency roll call is being conducted on and recording the
members by position, as they reply.

4.3 Every Battalion and Division vehicle has a pad of pre-printed Emergency Roll Call
forms. These preprinted forms will help keep track of companies and members as they
reply to the roll call.

4.4 The RCO and the member assisting and filling out the pre-printed form, should be in an
area away from the Command Post. This will reduce radio feedback, thereby putting the
roll call team in a better position to hear and talk over the HT roll call frequency.


59

14. At a wind driven fire in a 20-story Fireproof MD, the IC discontinues the attack on the fire floor and orders all members on the fire floor to withdraw to the floor below while a High Rise Nozzle is being setup. He then orders a Roll Call. The RCO hears the following responses during the Roll Call. Which transmission(s) were given correctly during the Emergency Roll Call? (ADD 2—4.7, 4.8, 5.1, 5.2, 5.4, 6.3) A. B. “ L121 to Roll Call Officer, L121 has 5 firefighters, my inside team is accounted for” “L134 to Roll Call Officer, L134 has 4 firefighters, my Can and Irons firefighters are accounted for” C. “L158 to Roll Call Officer, L158 has 4 firefighters, we are riding without an OV, my Can and Irons firefighters are accounted for” D. “Urgent-Urgent-Urgent--E265 to Command to Command with an Urgent” then after acknowledgement by the IC, “E265 to Command, Urgent—Water Loss” E. “Ladder 121 Roof to Roll Call Officer, L121 Roof and L134 Roof are on the floor above and accounted for

14-C, D

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15. If an Officer does not answer the RCO when called during a Roll Call, the Roll Call Officer should consider taking all of the following actions except? (Add 2--4.10) A.Call the Nozzle or Backup FF if it’s an Engine Officer B. Call the Can or Irons FF if it’s a Ladder Officer C. Immediately notify the IC D. Call another company operating in the immediate area of that officer

15-C

Decks in Firetech Class (61):